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Distribution of Power within Post-Conflict Reconstruction Concept (Liberian Case). “ AFRICA: 1960 – 2010 – 2060 A Century (Re)visited: What next? ” University of Pécs, 27 – 29 May 2010 Kantar ína Bajzíková, African Center of Slovakia k atarina.bajzikova @gmail.c om. Structure: .
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“AFRICA: 1960 – 2010 – 2060
A Century (Re)visited: What next?”
University of Pécs, 27 – 29 May 2010
Kantarína Bajzíková, African Center of Slovakia
- ”new addition to post-war vocabulary, it does not have exact meaning and is used vaguely for everything that helps reinstate the “good times”” (Williams, 2005, p.546 In Ismail, 2008)
- interchangeably used as a synonym to nation-, state- or peace-building (in this presentation: I consider the post-conflict reconstruction as a part of the more general peace-building process, not as its synonym)
(emergency, transition, development;
stabilisation, transition, consolidation;
initial response, transformation, fostering sustainability)
- Security, Justice and Reconciliation, Socioeconomic Development, Political Participation, Good Governance and Rule of Law, Basic Infrastructure Restoration, Gender Equality …)
- Time framework, Institutional approach/Capacities building, Contents agenda,Value orientation
- The Commission has an important input to building a culture of responsibility for mass human rights violations which need to be a requirement for the reconciliation.
- Public hearings (January 2008 – June 2009), no judicialpower, evolving Liberian diaspora in USA, Ghana, reconstruct war crimes of 1979- 2003, ending with National Reconciliation Conference and by release of Final Report on 1 July 2009.
Traditional mechanisms of conflict resolutions used in Liberia, there are e.g.: Palava Hut (so called roundtable), sharing the kola nut (providing compensation, compensatory damage), and sassywood (so called ‘ordeal’).
- critical lines: grand instable, inefficient coalition/ weak opposition,
avoiding sensitive issues, marginalisation of certain groups in order to achieve overall results sooner.
1. emergency (2006) - creation of secure environment and humanitarian recovery. Involvement of external actors is in this phase substantial. According to NEPAD, this phase usually lasts between 90 days to one year (African Post-Conflict Reconstruction Policy Framework, 2005, p.7).
2. transition (2006 – 2008) - strengthens legitimacy and capacity of reconstructed societies. This phase initiates recovery of basic social services, economy, judicial system, creation of system of governance, and reconciliation of society. Usually, a transitional government is appointed for one to three years to create the best conditions for elections. Closer cooperation between local and external actors is expected.
3. development (2008 – 2011) - to sustain previously achieved accomplishments. External actors support local recovery, development initiatives, and provide much needed help, especially in form of technical expertise. The phase should last between four to ten years. Strategies and programs of this phase try to point the country in direction of sustainable security and development.
UNMIL withdrawn – within 3 phases according to CIMIC UNMIL, the first
phase, military phase, aims at securing general security and should gradually
involve civil administration components in order to create stable managing
capacities of a public character. After the public administration is strengthened, the focus should shift to local bodies – Liberian government
and Liberian civil society (Holshek, 2008, p.14).
- Secretary-General’s plan counts with decreasing military personnel bysome 2000 to number 8202 (15000) men till May 2010 (including 7952 troops in Liberia and 250 at the Special Court for Sierra Leone) until presidential and parliamentary elections in 2011, the size of the UN police force (1318 policemen) will remain the same. The subjected proposal was created based on the evaluation of the UN’s technical team which visited Liberia in May and June 2009.
MONROVIA DOWNTOWN / TUBMAN BOULEVARD