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UBC – Computer Security October 4, 2007 Gordon Ross – President VIRTUAL PERCEPTIONSYSTEMS INC. gordon@my-spy.com www.my-spy.com. Biometrics and Your Identity. Biometrics:

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biometrics and your identity

UBC – Computer Security

October 4, 2007

Gordon Ross – President

VIRTUAL PERCEPTIONSYSTEMS INC.

gordon@my-spy.com

www.my-spy.com

Biometrics and Your Identity

biometrics and your identity1

Biometrics:

A unique physical or behavioral characteristic which can practically be collected, stored, and compared against; for the purpose of positive identification.

Biometrics and Your Identity
biometric terms

Behavioral and physiological

Static and dynamic

One to one compare

One to many searching

False Acceptance Rate (FAR)

False Rejection Rate (FRR)

Failure to Enroll (FTE)

Biometric Terms
various types of biometrics

Fingerprint

Facial recognition

Iris

Voice recognition

Hand Geometry

Various types of Biometrics
how does a biometric work

Capture a Biometric-Enrollment

  • Process the Biometric-Algorithm
  • Store Result-Template
  • Compare-one to one
    • verification
  • Find-one to many
    • identification
  • Accept or Reject
How does a biometric work?
some uses of biometrics
Some Uses of Biometrics
  • Controlling access
  • Monitoring
  • Authentication
  • Identification
  • ATM applications
how could biometrics be used and for what purpose

Open the door please.

Is this the person on record?

Who are you?

Can this smart card log me in?

Am I the rightful owner of this password?

How could biometrics be used and For what purpose?
how could biometrics be used and for what purpose1
How could Biometrics be used and For what purpose?
  • Open doors-physical access
  • City of Baltimore-Department of Public Works uses Voice Authentication for Access Control
slide10
Or…
  • Is this the person on record?
  • Identification
  • State of Connecticut-Department of Social Services uses Finger Print Imaging to reduce welfare fraud-$23M savings
slide11
Or…
  • Who are you?
  • Nation Bank - TX
  • ATM application
slide12
Or…
  • Do we know you?
  • Facial recognition at Super Bowl in Florida.
  • Match against known image.
slide13
Or…
  • Am I the rightful owner of this password?
  • Login by:
    • Typing user name and password

AND

    • Your unique Biometric.
make an artificial finger print
Make an Artificial Finger Print

**Making A Mold

Final Mold.

Soften Plastic Material with Hot Water

Press Live Finger into Plastic.

**From Tsutomu Matsumoto’s research..

make an artificial finger print1

Artificial Finger Print

Make an Artificial Finger Print

**From a Real Finger.

Make the Liquid and Gelatin mix where the gelatin is at 50% wt.

Add Boiling Water 30cc to 30g of gelatin and mix. Process takes approximately 20 minutes.

**From Tsutomu Matsumoto’s research..

make an artificial finger print2
Make an Artificial Finger Print

**From a Real Finger.

Pour Liquid Into Mold.

Refrigerate To Cool.

Final Gummy Print.

This Process takes approximately 10 Minutes.

**From Tsutomu Matsumoto’s research..

devices that were spoofed
Devices that were spoofed..

**From Tsutomu Matsumoto’s research..

how can a biometric be bypassed or defeated1

Tsutomu Matsumoto tsutomu@mlab.jks.ynu.ac.jp

http://www.cyberpunks.org/display/630/article/

  • c’t Magazine from Germany

http://www.heise.de/ct/english/02/11/114/

  • Just “Google” - “Defeating Biometrics” for more information.
How can a Biometric be Bypassed or Defeated?
facial iris recognition systems
Facial & Iris Recognition systems

*FaceVACS-Logon can be outfoxed with a short video clip of a registered person.

Once Live-Check has been activated all attempts at deception with stills are foiled.

A short .AVI video clip with the webcam in which a registered user was seen to move his head slightly to left and right.

The program did in fact detect in the video sequence played to it a moving 'genuine' head with a known facial metric, whereupon it granted access to the system.

*c’t magazine – Germany

roi on biometric projects
ROI on biometric projects
  • Quantify likelihood of previous cases
  • Costs
    • Technology Acquisition (HW & SW)
    • User training-hard enrollment
    • FTR
    • Deployment-configuration check
    • Process change
    • Help desk calls
    • Hardware product lifecycle
summary
Summary
  • Biometrics field is old, industry is new
    • Entire industry was $65M in 1999
    • Global Industry Analysts Inc. states biometric sales are to exceed $6.48 billion by 2010… (July 2007)
  • Not a technology issue but a people issue
    • Due diligence is key.
    • Privacy is also a concern.
  • Biometrics helps with authentication
    • Nothing is absolute!
biometric resources

www.bioapi.org

www.ibia.org

www.biometricgroup.com

www.biodigest.com

Biometric resources
thank you

QUESTIONS?

Gordon Ross – BScEE – CET – HSG

VIRTUAL PERCEPTION SYSTEMS INC.

gordon@my-spy.com

www.my-spy.com

Thank you…