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Erasmus Mundus MSc MEDFOR Palencia , 29 January 2013 Specialization offered by the Portuguese Catholic University (P PowerPoint Presentation
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Erasmus Mundus MSc MEDFOR Palencia , 29 January 2013 Specialization offered by the Portuguese Catholic University (Porto): Sustainable management of Mediterranean forests : an Institutional Economics approach Américo M. S. Carvalho Mendes & the UCP (Porto) team.

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slide1

ErasmusMundusMSc MEDFOR

Palencia, 29 January 2013

Specializationofferedbythe

PortugueseCatholicUniversity (Porto):

SustainablemanagementofMediterraneanforests: anInstitutionalEconomicsapproach

Américo M. S. Carvalho Mendes

& the UCP (Porto) team

slide2

Whythisspecialization?

  • Keytopicsofthecoursecontents
    • Keyconcepts
    • Keyissues
  • Suggestions for dissertationtopics

Outline

slide3

The fundamental mistakeofforestmanagement

    • To manageforestsIS NOT, firstofall,to managetrees, forest stands, orforestlandscapes.

Whythisspecializa-tion?

slide4

The fundamental mistakeofforestmanagement

    • To manageforestsIS, firstofall,to managepeoplewhoown, valueandusethosetrees, forest stands, orforestlandscapes to sustaintheirlivelihoods.

Whythisspecializa-tion?

slide5

Thisiswhyitisimportant to takeintoaccount:

    • theinstitutions (formal and informal social norms), communitiesandtheorganisations (families, firms, forestowners’ organisations, publicorganisations, etc.)
    • withinwhichandthroughwhich
    • humanbeings
    • behave
    • Inorder to appropriate, to valueand to useforestresources for theirlivelihoods.

Whythisspecializa-tion?

slide6

KEY CONCEPTS for anInstitutionalEconomicsapproach

  • THEIR RELEVANCE for major issuesspecific to Mediterraneanforestmanagement

Keytopicsinthecoursecontents

slide7

TypesofTHINGSpeoplevalue(GOODSandSERVICES):

    • The 5 dimensionsof a precise definitionofgoodsandservices
    • Typologyintermsofthemodeofappropriation (degreeofexclusionanddegreeofrivalry)

Keyconcepts

slide8

TypesofVALUESpeoplegive to things:

    • Notonly Use and Exchange Value
    • Butalso
    • Symbolicexchangevalue
    • Identityvalue
    • Cognitivevalue
    • Eudemonicvalue

Keyconcepts

slide9

VALUES peoplegive to actions, intentionsandpersonalitytraits (MORAL VALUES) as theinternalregulatorsofhumanBEHAVIOURS

Keyconcepts

slide10

SOCIAL NORMS (or INSTITUTIONS) as theexternalregulatorsofhumanbehaviours:

    • Similaritiesanddifferenceswithrespect to moral values
    • Genesisof social norms: cooperation, coordinationandconflictresolutionproblems
    • Rights (humanrights, propertyrights, etc.)

Keyconcepts

slide11

VALUE TRANSFORMATION PROCESSES:

    • Market processes andnonmarket processes
    • The “expansionaynature” ofthemarket processes andthetendency to economicglobalisation

Keyconcepts

slide12

ORGANIZATIONS:

    • General conceptoforganizations
    • Typesoforganizationsandtheirspecificities:
      • Families
      • Firms
      • Social economyorganizations
      • Stateorganizations

Keyconcepts

slide13

COMMUNITIES:

    • Conceptofhumancommunities
    • Economicrelevanceandeconomicpropertiesofhumancommunities

Keyconcepts

slide14

SUSTAINABILITY AND RESILIENCE:

    • Conceptsofsustainabilityandresilience
    • Sustainabilityandresilienceofhumanorganizations
    • Sustainabilityandresilienceofhumancommunities

Keyconcepts

slide15

SOCIETY and GOVERNANCE:

    • Conceptofhumansociety
    • Conceptsofgovernance (Weak vs. Goodgovernance)
    • Agencytheoryapproach to policyformulationandimplementation (resouceavailability, individual andgrouprationalityand incentive compatibility)

Keyconcepts

slide16

Whyforestlandexpandordecreaseinthelongrun?

    • Longruntrendsinforestandotherland uses dependverymuchonthevaluespeoplegive to forestsandonthedynamicsofhumansocieties
    • Do public policies (nationalforest policies, EU polices, etc.) play a major role inthesetrends?
  • Forestland uses andmarketdynamics
    • Some forest use valuesalsohaveanexchangevalue, butothersdon’t (carbonsequestration, biodiversity, landscapequality, etc.)
    • InMediterraneanforestnonmarket use valuesare veryimportant
    • How to find a “monetaryvaluation” andaninstitutionalsetting for “internalisation” ofthosenonmarket use values?
  • Conflictingor “multifunctional” uses offorestresources?
    • Agro-pastoral uses vs. “productiveforest” uses
    • “Productiveforest” uses vs. “urban” or “conservation” uses
    • Whatinstitutions for conflictresolution?

Keyissues

slide17

Forestpropertyrights

    • Verywidediversityofforestpropertyrights regimes inMediterraneanforests
    • Are these regimes changing? Inwhatdirection?
    • Forestlandownershipfragmentation: Isitpossible to copewithsmallscaleforestownershipinorder to improveforestmanagement? What role offorestowners’ and local developmentorganisations?
  • Forestrisks
    • ThehighrisksofforestfiresinMediterraneanforests
    • Do theseriskshavemainly a “natural” originornot?
    • Institutionalandorganisationalarrangements for forestfirepreventionandextinction
  • Public policies
    • Forestpolicyfailuresandthe fundamental mistakeofforestmanagement
    • Agencybasedapproach to forestpolicyformulationandimplementation (resouceavailability, individual andgrouprationalityand incentive compatibility)

Keyissues

slide18

Foundationsof Social Economics

  • EconomicsandManagementof Social EconomyOrganisations
  • SustainableDevelopment
  • GovernanceofMediterraneanForests
  • ResearchMethods (quantitative, qualitative)

Courses

slide19

Longruntrendsinforestandnonforestland uses accrosstheMediterraneancountries

    • Descriptionwithcomparable data
    • Analysis: maininfluentialfactors
    • Roles ofpublic policies
  • Nonmarket use valuesofMediterraneanforests
    • Monetaryvaluation
    • Successful cases ofinternalisation
  • Conflictingor “multifunctional” uses ofofforestresources?
    • Successfulandnonsuccessful cases of “multifunctional” uses
    • Institutionalarrangements for successful “multifunctionality”

Suggestions for dissertationtopics

slide20

Forestpropertyrights

    • Description: varietyofforestpropertyrights regimes accrossMediterraneancountries
    • Analysis: Are these regimes changing? Where, howandwhy?
  • Modesofcollectiveorganisationofforestownersandusers
    • Description: privateforestowners’ organisations, communalforests, hunters, etc.
    • Analysis: Do theseformsofcollectiveactionhaveanimpactonforestmanagement?
  • Forestfires
    • Role ofhumanand social factorsinforestfiresintheMediterraneancountries
    • Institutionalarrangements for forestfirespreventionandextinction: Are therebestpractices? Are theytransferable?
  • Public policies
    • Implementationanalysisof a forestprogrammmebasedontheagencytheoryframework (identificationofimplementationsuccessesorfailures; explanationoftheseimplementationgaps)

Suggestions for dissertationtopics

slide21

THANK YOU VERY MUCH

FOR YOUR ATTENTION

carvalho.mendes@sapo.pt