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Chapter Fourteen. Windows XP Professional Fault Tolerance. Objectives. Define IntelliMirror technology and describe its key features Back up data and settings on Windows XP Professional Recover a Windows XP Professional client’s applications and data Use the emergency repair process.

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chapter fourteen

Chapter Fourteen

Windows XP Professional Fault Tolerance

  • Define IntelliMirror technology and describe its key features
  • Back up data and settings on Windows XP Professional
  • Recover a Windows XP Professional client’s applications and data
  • Use the emergency repair process
  • Perform preventive maintenance
  • Install and use the Recovery Console
  • Describe remote operating system installation and how it can be used with IntelliMirror to recover an entire PC remotely
microsoft intellimirror
Microsoft IntelliMirror
  • Term used to describe features of Windows XP that help ensure the availability of a user’s data and computer configuration
  • Three key elements of IntelliMirror:
    • User data management
    • User settings management
    • Software installation and maintenance
microsoft intellimirror1
Microsoft IntelliMirror
  • Greatly reduces the need for and cost of administrative intervention
  • Plays a crucial role in both:
    • Disaster protection
    • Disaster recovery
data backup
Data Backup
  • IntelliMirror technologies in Windows XP enable users to store and synchronize their data easily in a specified network location
  • Folder redirection
    • Uses group policies to place specified user folders on a share on the network
data backup1
Data Backup

Figure 14-1: The My Documents Properties dialog box, Target tab

pc configuration and repair
PC Configuration and Repair
  • Personalized machine settings can be accessed by Windows XP Professional users from whatever machine they use on the network
  • If a user’s machine crashes or is unavailable, its user environments can be easily transferred to a new machine
    • Essentially, this is the same thing as a roaming profile
application installation and repair
Application Installation and Repair
  • Windows Installer Service (WIS)
    • A Windows XP component that manages the installation and removal of applications by applying a set of centrally defined setup rules during the installation process
    • Can also be used to create a software package for end users
microsoft backup utility
Microsoft Backup Utility
  • Methods of backing up a PC using external tools
    • Tape drives
    • External hard disks
    • Zip or Jaz drives
    • Recordable CD-ROM drives
    • Logical drives
microsoft backup utility1
Microsoft Backup Utility
  • There are three main functions Backup
    • Back up programs and files
    • Restore programs and files
    • Create an ASR (Automated System Recovery) data set
microsoft backup utility2
Microsoft Backup Utility

Figure 14-2: The Welcome tab of the Backup Utility

microsoft backup utility3
Microsoft Backup Utility

14-3: The Backup tab of Backup Utility

microsoft backup utility4
Microsoft Backup Utility
  • System State data
    • Collection of system-specific data that can be backed up and restored using the Windows XP Backup utility
  • Backup type
    • Backup configuration that determines how data is backed up and how old and new files are handled
backup types
Backup Types
  • Copy backup
    • Backs up all selected files without marking them as being backed up
  • Normal (or full) backup
    • Backs up all selected files and marks them as being backed up
  • Daily backup
    • Backs up only the selected files that have been created or modified on the day the backup is being performed
backup types1
Backup Types
  • Differential backup
    • Backs up selected files that have been created or modified since the last full backup
  • Incremental backup
    • Backs up selected files that have been created or modified since the last normal or incremental backup
preventative maintenance
Preventative Maintenance
  • Device driver rollback
    • Removes the current driver for a device and re-initializes the previous driver

Figure 14-4: The Driver tab of device’s Properties dialog box

preventative maintenance1
Preventative Maintenance
  • Windows File Protection (WFP)
    • Ensures that the correct and uncorrupted versions of certain core files are retained on the system at all times
    • Protects its list of sacred files from changes due to application installation, virus infection, and even human error
    • Works in the background, watching for attempted writes to its monitored files
preventative maintenance2
Preventative Maintenance
  • Automatic Update – Windows Update
    • The first time an update is available on the Windows Update Web site, Windows XP prompts you to configure how these updates are handled: automatic installation, notify or manually
  • Desktop Cleanup Wizard
    • A nag that asks your permission to remove unused icons from the desktop
preventative maintenance3
Preventative Maintenance
  • Hibernate vs. Standby
    • Hibernation under Windows XP saves the System State to the hard drive and performs a system shutdown
    • Standby is a feature added to a system through support for APM (Advanced Power Management) or ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface)
repairing windows xp professional
Repairing Windows XP Professional
  • Options for repairing or restoring your PC:
    • Safe Mode
    • System Restore
    • Recovery Console
    • Emergency repair process
    • Remote OS installation
system restore
System Restore
  • New mechanism for maintaining a functioning user environment
  • Can be used to return the OS to a previously saved state
  • Controlled and managed through two interfaces:
    • System Restore tab of the System applet
    • System Restore tool
system restore1
System Restore

Figure 14-5: The System Restore tool

recovery console
Recovery Console
  • Command-line interface that provides administrative tools useful for recovering a system that is not booting correctly
  • You can access the Recovery Console in one of two ways:
    • From a command prompt, change directories to your Windows XP CD
    • Use the Windows XP CD or startup disks to start your computer
emergency repair process
Emergency Repair Process
  • If your problem is caused by corrupt or missing files, your startup environment, or your partition boot sector, you might want to use the emergency repair process
  • Two options for repairing Windows XP
    • Fast repair
    • Manual repair
remote os installation
Remote OS Installation
  • Can install Windows XP Professional on remote-boot enabled PCs across a network
  • A component of Remote Installation Server (RIS)
    • RIS is an optional service in Windows Server that works with various other services to enable remote installations
remote os installation1
Remote OS Installation
  • PXE (Pre-boot Execution)
    • Standard environment in PC98-compliant computers and network computers that can be used for a remote OS installation
  • Remote Installation Preparation (RIPrep)
    • An administrator can take an entire image of one Windows XP Professional machine and install it onto other workstations
chapter summary
Chapter Summary
  • Be familiar with IntelliMirror’s features functions
  • Windows XP includes built-in backup features
  • You can use the emergency repair process or ASR to repair a system that has failed
chapter summary1
Chapter Summary
  • You can use the System Restore feature to return the system to a previously saved state
  • You can use the driver rollback to remove a bad driver and return to a previously functioning driver
  • You can rely upon WFP to keep your system files in working order
chapter summary2
Chapter Summary
  • You can use Automatic Updates to keep your system in line with the latest patches from Microsoft
  • You can install and use the Recovery Console to recover user settings in the event of a system failure
  • You can use the Remote Installation Services (RIS) for a complete remote system restoration