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eLCA Project

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  1. eLCA Project

  2. Table of Contents • Project background: IPP and LCA • Project Objectives • Key understandingsfrom the work done • The market • The context: IPP, ICT and SMEs • The Product: eLCA WEB site and DB • Implementation phase:work to do • WEB Management model

  3. Part A Project background: IPP and LCA

  4. A. IPP Context (1) • Integrated Product Policy, IPP, aims to: • Promote the demand and offer of "greener" products through life-cycle approaches, environmental management tools and eco-labelling; • Involve all the actors through dissemination of environmental information along the value chain • Allocate responsibility by concept as “Extended Producer Responsibility”

  5. A. IPP Context What is LCA? (1) • Environmental Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a quantitative methodology: • to identify and evaluate environmental burdens associated with the life cycles of products and services in a "cradle-to-grave" approach • used as common basis in different IPP tools

  6. INPUT OUTPUT materialsextraction main products processing and manufacturing co-products materials distribution water effluent energy airborne emissions product use recycle: product, component, material solid waste water other env. interactions waste management A. IPP Context: What is LCA? (2)

  7. A. LCA and Databases • LCA requires a large number of Life Cycle Inventories (LCIs) containing structured data about impacts of materials, processes, energy, transportation, etc., • LCIs available with critical limitations (data quality, cost, lack of standardisation, etc.)

  8. Part B Project Objectives

  9. B. eLCA Objectives • Technical & Economical Feasibility of DataBases and WEB site for the Adoption of LCA in SMEs • Analysis of the availability and structure of public information and private data for LCA • Identification of best exploitation of databases and WEB with new form of public/private partnership • Specialised LCA for SMEs • Implementation of a prototype to test the WEB site by a case study on a sample of SMEs

  10. B. Expected outcomes (1) • Review of public and private databases for LCA. • Structure of general and specific DBs for WEB site • Market survey on SMEs’ needs, barriers, drivers, etc. for the adoption of LCA

  11. B. Expected outcomes (2) • Design of WEB site structure covering: • General IPP services, information and utilities • Specialised LCA methodology for SMEs • Guidelines, best practices and DBs for specific sectors • Consultancy and other services free or for a fee • Model of public/private management of WEB site and databases updating • Cost evaluation of DB and WEB site • Prototype realisation and testing on a sample of SMEs and consultants for one industrial sector.

  12. B. Expected outcomes (3) • Self Assessment of the DBs and WEB site implementation: • Context and Market • The product • The management model • Marketing strategy • Financial Plan • Results dissemination

  13. B. Partners • Ente per le Nuove tecnologie, l’Energia e l’Ambiente ENEA – Coordinator • Environment Agency • ECIPAR soc.cons.a.r.l. CNA • IFEU - Institut für Energie und Umweltforschung Heidelberg gGmbH • Aristotle University of Thessaloniki LHTEE • Randa Group S.A.

  14. Part C. Key understandingsfrom the work done

  15. C.a) Market (1) • Environment perceived as “obligations” and costs • Environmental issues to be integrated with other innovation aspects and by a gradual approach • Environmental costs hidden, not “allocated” and not monitored • Environmental aspects often managed in outsourcing

  16. C.a) Market (2) • Green products market does not exist except some sectorial “niches” • Awareness to EMS, low knowledge of tools, lack of “culture” and know how • Low willingness to human and financial investments

  17. C.a) Market (3) • Expressed Needs: • Procedures and tools adapted to the SMEs characteristics • Knowledge, information and training inside the enterprise • Guide to choose the most suitable solution • Public supportive measures • Support by consultants or other mediators for the implementation phase

  18. C.a) Market (4) • High interest in: • Web site • Easy access to general and specific data (highlighted by the enterprises with LCA experience) • Examples and best practises • On-line consultancy

  19. C.b) The context: IPP and SMEs (1) • Barriers • Low sensitivity of the market to green products • Costs and lack of internal knowledge • inability to influence life cycle steps outside the firm • unavailability of life cycle data outside the firm • High number of products and variability

  20. C.b) The context: IPP and SMEs (2) • Critical issues • Applicability • Integration • Accompanying Measures, experts, friendly solutions • Short internal rate of return for the investments • Networking

  21. C.b) The context: LCA and SMEs • Minimize work for SMEs: • Specialised methodology and step-by-step guided procedure to reduce methodological problems • Specialised databases for life cycle steps outside the gates • Guidelines and databases to focus on key internal aspects • Support by experts on request

  22. C.b) The context: ICT and SMEs (1) • Results of our Market Survey supported by some Surveys on about 1000 Italian SMEs • WEB very important to collect information, to interact with value chain, but not to sell. • WEB tech. are already diffused • Low diffusion of more complex tools (EDI, ERP, groupware) requiring a strategic vision • e-commerce trialled but considered not suitable (competitiveness based on relations with customers)

  23. C.b) The context: ICT and SMEs (2) • “Downsizing” of solution developed for large enterprises not acceptable • Needs for: • Tailored and pre-elaborated solutions • Service platforms for collective usage (sectors and districts) • Public support to create standards and certification procedures


  25. C.d) Implementation phase:work to do for Countries and Languages • European level is very important for the WEB site • Country specialisation for: • Legislation • Standards and regulations • Data • Supportive instruments and services • National language is essential for SMEs

  26. C.e) WEB Management Model WEB with two parts: • Public and open with general - European/National -Information, training, tools for direct access of SMEs • Potential Partners: Agencies • Public-Private with sector specific items (some services free, other for a fee, pricing to be defined with private partners) • Potential Partners: • Local Networks for services to enterprises • Waste management firms • Consultants, Associations • IT operators