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MNSI Melbourne (2015)

MNSI Melbourne (2015)

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MNSI Melbourne (2015)

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  1. Photo by Hai Linh Truong on Flickr An Internet of Things Blueprint for Smarter Cities Marc Jadoul ( @mjadoul) 12 October 2015 1 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  2. 2 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  3. + 3 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  4. The IoT: the next step in internet evolution Internet of Content Internet of Services Internet of People Internet of Things Pre-internet era + + + + Mobile & social Machine comms, big data & context H2H WWW Web 2.0 4 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  5. At the end of 2014 the number of mobile-connected devices exceeded the world’s population and this is just a beginning … 5 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  6. By 2024 there will be 27 billion connected devices, generating USD1.6 trillion revenues. Machina Research, June 2015 6 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  7. Sensors and actuators everywhere 2 * 100+ *** 10+ ** (*) Components of the Fitbit Flex: 3-axis accelerometer, vibration motor; (**) Sensors in the Samsung Galaxy S6: Accelerometer, Barometer, Compass, Fingerprint Reader, Gesture Sensor, GPS, A-GPS, GLONASS, Gyroscope, Heart Rate Monitor, Proximity Sensor; (***) Sensors in today’s cars: air–fuel ratio, blind spot monitor, crankshaft position, curb feeler, defect detector, engine coolant temperature, Hall effect sensor, manifold absolute pressure, mass flow, oxygen, parking sensors, radar gun detector, speed, throttle position, tire-pressure, torque, transmission fluid temperature, turbine speed, variable reluctance, water-in-fuel, water-on-windshield, wheel speed, etc. 7 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  8. An exploding variety of connected ‘things’ 8 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  9. Why now? Startup culture enables disruptive innovation HW miniaturization & cost reduction Proliferation of (wireless) devices & endpoints Business case for industrial automation IoT Growth of cloud storage and processing capabilites & resources Social, economic, environmental, and lifestyle stimuli 9 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  10. How can we leverage IoT technologies to create a smarter world ? 10 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  11. The IoT empowers a long tail of applications Assets/Application “Killer” apps Segment/industry/ business specific The ‘long tail’ # Applications 11 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  12. … and enables a world of connected services 12 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  13. Thriving on the 4 V’s of big data Volume (data at rest) • Global data volume grows 40% per year • Urbanized land areas generate 4.1 TB data per day per km2 Variety (data in many forms) Velocity (data in motion) • 3.9 billion people worldwide connected to the Internet in 2017 • 70 billion ‘things’ in 2020 Value (data enriching our daily lives) • Exaflop-scale computing by 2019 13 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  14. Big data is the ‘new oil’ Control Take autonomous decisions Learning Predict behavior Analytics Create knowledge Monitoring Collect information Sensing Provide data 14 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  15. An opportunity to improve people’s standard of living Connected-home device shipments will grow at a CAGR of 67% over the next 5 years. Home-energy equipment, and safety and security systems will become popular first (BI) By 2020, the connected kitchen will contribute at least 15% savings in the food and beverage industry while leveraging big data analytics in the supply chain (Gartner) Direct communication between cars may reduce accidents by up to 80%(US Transportation Department) Mobile glucose monitoring tools can cut diabetes manage- ment costs by 50%(Endocrinology journal) 15 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  16. Challenges for state and local governments Smart Cities Volatility of political and budget cycles Digital Urbani- zation transformation of society & economy Digital inclusion Mobi- lity Environmental pressure Global competition Aging E-Gov- ernment Infrastructure Energy supply Aging population PPPs Changing public services expectations Budget constraints 16 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  17. The proportion of people living in Australian capital cities is projected to increase from 66% in 2013 to 72% in 2053, equating to 28 million (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2014) Over the same period, the proportion of the population over 65 years will almost double to around 25% (Australian Government, 2015) Congestion is the dominant challenge in cities and infra- structure networks (Infrastructure Australia Audit, 2015) Australia’s broader digital economy will grow to contribute as much as $139 billion p.a. by 2020, i.e. 7.3% of GDP (Deloitte Access Economics, 2015) 17 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  18. Making cities smarter Real-time tracking of air quality, noise levels and traffic movements (Dublin, Ireland) (2) An intelligent guidance system lets drivers find a free parking space, and pay for it via their smart phone (Pisa, Italy) (1) A device worn around the neck lets family and carers keep track of people with dementia (Sussex, UK) (4) Street lighting can be adjusted for to improve security and save energy (Amsterdam, the Netherlands)(3) Waste is only collected when garbage bins are at full capacity (Santander, Spain) (5) (1) http://www.telekom.com/media/company/240264 (2) http://www.ubmfuturecities.com/author.asp?section_id=391&doc_id=526672 (3) http://amsterdamsmartcity.com/projects/detail/id/93/slug/smart-light (4) http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-22984876 18 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. (5) http://www.telecomstechnews.com/news/2014/mar/26/real-sim-city-how-over-15000-sensors-made-santander-smart2/

  19. Connected things within smart cities (in Millions) 2015 2016 2017 Healthcare Public Services Smart Commercial Buildings Smart Homes Transport Utilities Others Total 9.7 15.0 23.4 97.8 126.4 159.5 206.2 354.6 648.1 294.2 586.1 1,067.0 237.2 298.9 371.0 252.0 304.9 371.1 10.2 18.4 33.9 1,107.3 1,704.2 2,674.0 Source: Gartner (2015), http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/3008917 19 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  20. Big data vs. Open data Large public government datasets (e.g. weather, GPS, Census, SEC, healthcare) Non-public data for marketing, business analysis, (nat’l) security Citizen engagement programs not based on data (e.g. petition websites) Big Data Open Gov’t Large datasets from scientific research, social media or non- government sources Open Data Public data from state, local, federal government (e.g. budget data) Business reporting (e.g. ESG* data) and other business data (e.g. consumer complaints, transportation schedules) (*) ESG = Environmental, Social & Governance http://www.opendatanow.com/2013/11/new-big-data-vs-open-data-mapping-it-out 20 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  21. Four steps towards smarter cities One single broadband IP network, with wireline and wireless access. 1. Network infrastructure Data-centers and government cloud; open data policies and governance. 2. Big data & Open data Wireless sensors control traffic, pollution, lighting, waste, … 3. Smart public services Open innovation through PPPs, API exposure, app development contests and startup ecosystems. 4. Citizen applications 21 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  22. Why should we care about the network ? 22 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  23. The network can make or break the IoT Within the next 5 years, more than 90% of all IoT data will be hosted on SP cloud platforms. Within 3 years, 50% of IT networks will transition from having excess capacity to handle the additional IoT devices to being constrained. 90% 50% By 2018, 40% of IoT- created data will be stored, processed, analyzed, and acted upon close to, or at the 40% Within 2 years, 90% of all IT networks will have an IoT-based security breach. edge, of the network. 90% Source: IDC, December 2014 23 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  24. Network scalability RAN Device management Power consumption Platform horizontalization optimization Home & enterprise GWs Fiber backhaul SDN, NFV and edge cloud End-to-end security Standardization & interoperability 24 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  25. A European visitor’s view on the IoT in Australia 25 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  26. The developers of a “smart” cricket ball believe it could potentially train a new generation of spin bowlers and revive skills not seen since Shane Warne. The ball, which was developed at Melbourne’s RMIT University, houses three high-speed gyros, PCB (printed circuit board), -microcontroller, battery, memory and electronic equipment for wireless data transfer and inductive charging. 26 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  27. Release: 30/10 At stake is the opportunity for Australia and Australian companies to be early beneficiaries of industry renaissance and the emergence of new business models through IoT and the opportunity for Australia to become a significant exporter of business solutions enabled by IoT — if the policy and regulation setting can be optimised early to support business-led innovation. 27 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  28. Seven recommendations for Australia’s competitiveness Incorporate smart requirements into all national and state programs, e.g. transport, medical, defence, education, energy, construction, agriculture, telecomunications, … 1 Establish national measures of success and establish milestones to monitor progress, e.g. digital economic growth, sectoral sensorisation, accessible open data, API inventory, … 2 Stimulate and cultivate a collaborative culture for innovation using a globally competitive benchmark, e.g. PPP projects, digital inventions, innovation labs, developer contests, … 3 28 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  29. Seven recommendations for Australia’s competitiveness Initiate specific Smart City or Smart Home programs that leverage across sectors and applications, e.g. electricity, water, gas, telecommunications, … 4 5 Think big, but start small. Create network test beds, deployment blueprints, Smart City showcases, … 6 Implement it first time right. Create an IoT infrastructure that is scalable, manageable and secure by design. 7 Citizen engagement is key. Smart City projects should be participatory, inclusive and social. 29 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  30. KEEP CALM AND READ THIS AT HOME http://bit.ly/1PiMqSF 30 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  31. DOWNLOAD MY PRESENTATION http://www.slideshare.net/mjadoul 31 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  32. One more thing… 32 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  33. How to measure smart city initiatives? The big picture Vibrancy Diversity Home Infrastructure Reinvention http://www.smart-city-survey.com http://www.smart-city-survey.com/ 33 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

  34. 34 COPYRIGHT © 2015 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.