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TheSpanishEducationSystem(according to L.O.E.) the last Spanish Educational Law, 2006
The Spanish Constitution of 1978, divides competences over educational matters between the State, the Autonomous Communities, local administrations and educational institutions. • The Ministry of Education enacts of the basic standards which specify the constitutional right to education • The Autonomous Communities are responsible for the implementation of basic national standards and for the regulation of non-basic aspects of the education system, as well as for the administration of the education system in their respective regions.
Schools in Spain can be divided into 3 categories: • Privately run schools funded by the State (colégiosconcertados) • Purely private schools (colégiosprivados) • Stateschools • All non-university state education is free in Spain, but parents have to buy all of their children's books and materials. This, nominally at least, also applies to colegiosconcertados
18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 University UniversityEntranceExam Superior Grade Vocational Professional Training Baccalaureate Middle Grade Vocational Professional Training CompulsorySecondary Education Initial Vocational Training (15, -18) Compulsory education PrimaryEducation PreschoolEducation
PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION: 1st cycle: 0-3 years 2nd cycle: 3-6 years (free) COMPULSORY EDUCATION: (free) PrimaryEducation (free) SecondaryEducation (free) POSTCOMPULSORY EDUCATION: (free) Baccalaureate (free) Vocational training (free) University (free dependingonthedegree)
COMPULSORY EDUCATION (free) • PRIMARY EDUCATION: • 1st cycle: 6-8 years • 2nd cycle: 8-10 years • 3rd cycle: 10-12 years • COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION: COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE • 1st cycle (12-14 years) OCCASIONAL CURRICULA ADAPTATIONS. • 2nd cycle (14-16 years): CURRICULAR DIVERSIFICATION PROGRAMME: Forthosestudentswho are in the 2nd cycle and can´tgettheeducationalobjectivesbecause of differentreasonsbuttheyhave a goodlearningattitude and try hard. Students can do thewhole 2nd cyclewithinthisprogramme, and someotherstudentswilljoinit in thelastyear of thecycle, dependingoneach individual case. They share commonsubjectswithotherstudentswhohave a commoncurriculabuttheygotoanotherclassjustforthem in Linguistics and Communication, Mathematics and Worldknowledge.
COMPULSORY EDUCATION (Continuation) INICIAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING Thosestudentswhodidn´tmanagetoobtaintheirCompulsorySecondaryEducationCertificate and they are over 15 and under 18 can join a programmecalled INITIAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING 1º course – It mixes basicskills in mathematics, reading and writing, general knowledge and vocational training. At theendtheywillbeabletogetthe CERTIFICATE. Orthestudent can do a secondcoursetogettheCOMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
Some Notes on Compulsory Education • Important: attendance is compulsory till 16. • If you have to take a course again, you can only do it once per cycle. If you have already done so, you will be automaticallypromoted to the next educational level. • In Secondary school you have to take the year again if you fail more than two subjects but if you fail Spanish language and literature and Mathematics you cannot pass to the next academic level. • Textbooks are free in primary school and secondary school in some regions: the school buys them with the money the government gives for it. Students cannot write on them, so students have to buy the workbooks. • Financial issues: schools receive different amounts of money depending on: number of students but especially depending on the different projects the school is enrolled in • In some scholl there are Bilingual Program.
POST COMPULSORY EDUCATION Whenyou are 16 and yougetyourCertificate, youhavetwooptionsdependingonwhatyouwantto do in thefuture: Forthosethataim at goingtouniversity, thereisthe BACCALAUREATE (Arts, Science and Technologyor Social Sciences and Humanities)(2 years). WhentheygettheirBaccalaureateCertificate and theywnattogotoUniversity: Theyhavetotake a UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAM. * Itisthesameexamforthewholeregion. * They are testedonthecompulsorysubjects of theirBaccalaureate (English, Spanishlanguage, HistoryorPhilosophy, and thesubjects of theirfield of specialization). * GRADE: 60% marksfromtheBaccalaureate + 40% marksfromtheexam.
POST COMPULSORY EDUCATION (continuation) They can goto a MIDDLE GRADE TRAINING CYCLE for (2 years). Theyget a certificate as a Technician, and then: theygotowork. ortheycontinuetheirstudies in a SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE with a exam (2 years). (studentswhofinishtheirbaccalaureate can do this as well) Whenstudentshave a SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE, they can haveaccesstoUniversitywithouthavingtotakethe UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAM. UNIVERSITY GRADO (4 YEARS) + MASTER (1 OR 2 YEARS)
ADULT EDUCATION • Forthoseover 18 itispossibletofollowtheirschooleducation. • Adult Education is regulated by law: objectives, contents, etc. • 2 modalities: 1) Normal course 2) Distance learning • And at theendyougetthe COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
ADULT EDUCATION • There are PERMANENT EDUCATION CENTRES in many towns in Spain providing basic training for adults, concentrating basically on reading and writing skills, ICT, general knowledge, basic English, etc. There are people who manage to get their Compulsory Secondary Education Diploma at 60 or even later, which is lowest academic level you can have in our system. • Councils also organise and offer courses for unemployed people who are interested in learning any of the contents above for a future job, or for the sake of learning.
COURSE 2011-2012 1304 STUDENTS 113 TEACHERS
Phisycal and chemicallaboratory Sciencelaboratory
EDUCATIONAL OFFER COMPULSORY SECUNDARY EDUCATION - 420 students 1º ESO - 5 groups - 2º ESO - 4 groups 3º ESO - 4 groups 4º ESO - 4 groups InitialVocational Training programme 2 groups - 38 students Curricular Diversificationprogramme 2 groups - 30 students
EDUCATIONAL OFFER • BACCALAUREATE - 275 studentes • Science y Tecnology • Social Sciences and Humanities • 1º Bach - 5 groups - • 2º Bach - 4 groups
EDUCATIONAL OFFER VOCATIONAL TRAINING- MIDDLE GRADE TRAINING CYCLE 8 groups- 196 studentes SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE 14 groups - 345 students
EDUCATIONAL OFFER VOCATIONAL TRAINING- MIDDLE GRADE TRAINING CYCLE 8 groups - SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE 14 groups
4 PROFESSIONAL FAMILY • BUILDING AND CIVIL WORS • ELECTRICITY AND ELECTRONICS • COMPUTER • CHEMISTRY
BUILDING AND CIVIL WORKS TWO SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE • “BUILDING PROJECTS” • “ DEVELOPMENT OF URBAN PROJECTS AND TOPOGRAPHY”
ELECTRICITY AND ELECTRONICS TWO MIDDLE GRADE TRAINING CYCLE • “CONSUMER ELECTRONICS” • “ ELECTRICAL AND AUTOMATIC INSTALLATIONS” ONE SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE • “COMPUTER AND TELLECOMUNICATION SYSTEMS”
COMPUTER ONE MIDDLE GRADE TRAINING CYCLE • “MYCROCOMPUETER SYSTEMAS AND NETWORKS” TWO SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE • “COMPUTER SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT NETWORKS” • “WEB APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT”
CHEMISTRY ONE MIDDLE GRADE TRAINING CYCLE • “LABORATORY” TWO SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE • “LSBORSTORY ANALYSIS AND QUALITY CONTROL” • “INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY”
OUR SCHOOL CALENDAR BEGINNING OF CLASSES – 14 SEPTEMBER CHRISTMAS HOLIDAYS – 23 DECEMBER – 8 JANUARY EASTER HOLIDAYS – 31 MARCH - 8 APRIL END OF CLASSES -23 JUNE