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The Cultures of North Africa. Africa. What is Culture?. Culture is the way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs. Has many elements Food, clothing, homes, jobs, language, etc. Also includes: How people view their world What their religion is

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what is culture
What is Culture?
  • Culture is the way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs.
    • Has many elements
      • Food, clothing, homes, jobs, language, etc.
      • Also includes:
        • How people view their world
        • What their religion is
      • These ideeas shape the way people behave.
what is culture1
What is Culture?
  • Cultures in different places have common elements
    • Rural villages in Morocco—houses are made of thick adobe which keeps out the heat
    • Mexico and the southwestern US, many people also live in adobe homes.
the influence of islam
The Influence of Islam
  • Islam is the religion of most N. Africans (95%+)
  • People that practice Islam are called Muslims
    • Believe in one God—Allah
    • Muhammad was God’s final messenger
    • The Old Testament prophets and Jesus were God’s messengers
    • Main duties of Muslims are outlined in the 5 Pillars of Islam
five pillars of islam
Five Pillars of Islam
  • Declaration of Faith—declaring belief in one God and in Muhammad as God’s final messenger
  • Prayer—reciting prayers five times a day; at awn, at midday, in the afternoon, at sunset, and in the evening.
  • Alsmgiving—giving a portion of one’ wealth to the needy.
five pillars of islam1
Five Pillars of Islam
  • Fasting—not eating or drinking from sunrise to sunset during the ninth month in the Muslim year, Ramadan.
  • Pilgrimage—Making the hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, at least once in a lifetime if able.

(These are important to know)

the influence of islam1
The influence of Islam
  • The Quran is the sacred book of Islam
    • Provides a guide to life
    • Forbids lying, stealing, and murder
    • Prohibits gambling, eating port, and drinking alcohol
  • Islamic law is based on the Quran and governs all aspects of life, including family life, business practices, banking, and government.
the influence of islam2
The influence of Islam
  • Islam Unifies the People of North Africa
    • These peoples are spread out over a large area (Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco)
    • These people have many different backgrounds and ways of life
  • Ethnic Group—a group of people who share language, religion or cultural traditions.
  • Most N. Africans are Arabs, but other ethnic groups exist.
the influence of islam3
The influence of Islam
  • The largest of the ethnic groups is the Berbers who live mainly in Algeria and Morocco.
    • Most Berbers speak Arabic as well as Berber
    • Some live in cities, most live in villages in rugged mountain areas
    • Make their living by herding and farming
cultural change in north africa
Cultural Change in North Africa
  • How culture spreads
    • Cultural changes often occur when people travel
      • They bring their customs and ideas with them
      • They pick up new ideas and customs
      • This is called cultural diffusion or to spread out
      • (I would know the meaning of cultural diffusion)
a mediterranean outlook
A Mediterranean Outlook
  • B/c of location, N. Africa is a hub of trade
    • Throughout history, the people of North Africa have traded with people in Europe, Asia, and other parts of Africa.
    • The have influenced, and been influenced by, cultural in all of these places.
a mediterranean outlook1
A Mediterranean Outlook
  • The mixing of cultures in N. Africa did not occur only though trade, it also occurred through conquest
    • N. Africa is home to one of the world’s oldest civilizaitons—ancient Egypt
      • They developed trade links with ancient civilizations in both Europe and SW Asia
      • They both conquered and were conquered by other empires
      • The conquests brought about cultural diffusion
preserving muslim culture
Preserving Muslim Culture
  • More recent influence to North Africa is Western culture
    • Some Muslims are concerned that their countries are becoming too Western.
    • More people are wearing Western clothes, buying Western products, seeing Western films, and adapting Western ideas.
    • Some Muslims fear that this will lead to the loss of Muslim values and traditions.
the influence of islam4
The influence of Islam
  • Tuareg—group of Berbers who live in the Sahara
    • They herd camels, goats, and other livestock
  • Cairo Egypt and Tunis, Tunesia
    • some city people work at traditional crafts
    • Others are architects, engineers, scientists, and bankers
    • Some sell baskets in outdoor markets, others sell television sets in modern stores.