jovial planets n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Jovial Planets PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Jovial Planets

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 68

Jovial Planets - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 117 Views
  • Uploaded on

Jovial Planets . Outer Solar system. Outer system. Jupiter. Jupiters Facts. Mythology – Roman god Jupiter Facts 5 th planet from the sun Largest planet in our solar system Gas Giant Oblate Spheriod shape – Bulge in the middle!. Jupiter’s Statistics. Orbital Period – 4331. 5 days

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Jovial Planets' - miyo


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
jovial planets

Jovial Planets

Outer Solar system

jupiters facts
Jupiters Facts
  • Mythology – Roman god Jupiter
  • Facts
    • 5th planet from the sun
    • Largest planet in our solar system
    • Gas Giant
    • Oblate Spheriod shape – Bulge in the middle!
jupiter s statistics
Jupiter’s Statistics
  • Orbital Period – 4331. 5 days
  • Size = 121 Earths
  • Gravity – 24 m/s
  • Surface Temp – 165 K (more than 200 C below 0)
jupiter s atmosphere
Jupiter’s Atmosphere
  • Atmospheric Data comes from Galileo Probe that crashed into the atmosphere of Jupiter
  • Atmosphere divided into distinct bands
layers of jupiter
Layers of Jupiter
  • Draw and Label the diagram of Jupiter on your notes
  • Mostly Hydrogen (88 percent) and helium (12 %)
magnetosphere
Magnetosphere

14 times as strong as earths

aurora
Aurora
  • Magnetic Flux Tubes
    • Three bright dots
    • connect to Ion, Ganymede and Europa
jupiter s red spot
Jupiter’s Red Spot
  • Longest Lasting Storm in history (Discovered in the 1600)
  • Rotates counterclockwise every 6 days
  • Slowly fading
jupiter s ring system1
Jupiter’s ring system
  • Jupiters rings are very difficult to see.
  • Jupiter's rings were first found by the Voyager 1 spacecraft in 1979
  • Three main sections comprise Jupiter's ring system.
    • Halo ring -The innermost, cloud-like
    • Main Ring -is quite narrow and thin.
    • Gossamer Ring-wispy, nearly transparent
jupiter s shepherd moons
Jupiter’s Shepherd Moons
  • Metis
  • Thebe
  • Adrastea
  • Amalthea
  • INNER
  • MOONS!
jupiters 4 galilean satellites
Jupiters 4 galilean Satellites
  • Io
  • Europa
  • Callisto
  • Ganymede
slide20

BASIC FACTS = discovered by Galileo in 1610

He spotted the four large moons and realized that they were orbiting Jupiter, Not EARTH!!!

slide21
Io

Images of Io

Image

slide22
Io
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KXeIll6YYQs
  • Has a large iron Core (may be molten)
  • SO2 Atmosphere (Thin)
  • Closest to jupiter
  • 4th largest moon
  • Most volcanically active body in the solar sustem
    • 400 active volcanoes
    • blue./white spots are volcanoes erupting
europa
Europa

Water? Life?

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xEtf5lh3SEw
  • Europa is an Icy satellite
  • Below Europa’s frozen exterior of ice, there is liquid water
  • Vast sea could hold microorganisms
  • Heat generated by planet flexing, keeps water liquid
ganymede
Ganymede
  • Largest Moon in the solar system
  • Has a magnetosphere
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=64oBWEsMq2Y
  • Sounds
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6PPEwGJy6PI
callisto
Callisto
  • 2nd largest moon of jupiter
  • Tidally locked
  • Thin CO2Atmospere
  • Subsurface ocean
  • Could be a “human” base for research
saturn s facts
Saturn’s Facts
  • Mythology – names after roman god Saturnus (Saturday!).
  • Facts
    • 6th planet from the sun
    • 2nd largest planet in the solar system
    • Gas Giant
    • Oblate Spheriod
    • Less dense then water!
saturn s statistics
Saturn’s Statistics
  • Orbital Period – 10759 days (29.5 years)
  • Size =
  • Gravity=
  • Surface Temp –
atmosphere1
Atmosphere
  • 93.2 % molecular hydrogen, 6.7 %helium
  • Faint atmosphere bands (lighter than jupiter)
  • Cloud patterns observed by voyager (hexagonal)
surface
Surface
  • Has a planetary magnetic field, strength in between earth and jupiter
  • Wind speeds of 1800 km/h
saturn s great white spot
Saturn’s Great White spot

Giant storm hat happens every 30 years (once a saturian year)

Will be another one in 2020

layers of saturn
Layers of Saturn
  • Draw and Label the diagram of on your notes
  • Small core of rock and ice surrounded by a thick layer of metallic hydrogen and a gaseous outer layer
saturns s ring system
Saturns’s ring system
  • First discovered by Galileo in 1610
  • Rings consist mostly of ice with small amounts of debris and dust
  • Theories:
    • Roche - Rings were once a moon of saturn that was ripped apart by tidal forces
    • Secondary – Rings are left over from original nebular material from which saturn formed
saturns s ring system features
Saturns’s ring system - FEATURES
  • Features:
    • Cassini division
    • Enckle Gap
    • Possess own atmosphere of molecular O2 different from saturn
moons
Moons
  • 61 moons
  • 52 with names
  • 6 unconfirmed moons
jupiter s shepherd moons1
Jupiter’s Shepherd Moons
  • Metis
  • Thebe
  • Adrastea
  • Amalthea
  • INNER
  • MOONS!
saturn s moons
Saturn’s Moons
  • Io
  • Europa
  • Callisto
  • Ganymede
titan
Titan

Images of Io

Image

titan1
Titan
  • Only moon in the solar system to have its own atmosphere
  • atmosphere is impenetrable to visible waves
  • 2nd largest moon in the solar system
  • Resembles early earth
    • Atmosphere of nitrogen and methane
missions
Missions
  • Voyager
    • Arrived: 1980
    • Studies: close fly by of Titon,
    • Achieves: images of rings
missions1
Missions
  • Cassini
    • Arrived: 2004
    • Studies: saturn orbit insertion, flyby of titan. lightning
    • Huygen Insertion – Huygens descended onto the surface of Titan on January 14, 2005,
uranus s facts
Uranus’s Facts
  • Mythology – Named after the greek god of the sky
  • 7th planet from the sun
  • 3nd largest planet in the solar system
  • Ice Giant
  • Tilted sideways (north and south lay where other planets have their equators)
uranus s statistics
Uranus’s Statistics
  • Orbital Period – 84 years
  • Rotational Period = 17 hours 14 minutes
  • Tilt – Rolling ball (not top)
  • Low internal heat
atmosphere2
Atmosphere
  • Coldest Atomosphere in the solar system
  • Belt -Zone Circulation
    • Belt – Dark colored band
    • Zone – Light colored band
    • Belts and zones flow in opposite directions
    • Storms
      • occur in between belts
      • Heat produced in the center feeds the storms
uranus s ring system features
Uranus’s ring system - FEATURES
  • Made out of rock particles
  • Thirteen narrow rings
moons1
Moons
  • 27 moons
  • Named from the works of Shakespeare and Alexander Pope
  • Largest moon –Titania (less than half the size of the moon)
  • Visited by Voyager 2
roche limit1
Roche limit
  • If moons are to close:
    • The gravity of planet will break them up (maybe becoming rings)
  • If moons are too far away:
    • They will not be held in orbit
roche limit notes
Roche Limit (Notes)
  • Distance within 2.5 radii of the center of a planet
  • Moons cannot form/moons are torn apart
  • RINGS ARE FOUND INSIDE THE ROCHE LIMIT
  • MOONS ARE FOUND OUTSIDE THE ROCHE LIMIT
missions to the outer solar system
Missions to the outer solar system
  • Pioneer 10 and 11
  • Voyager 1 and 2
  • Galileo (Jupiter)
  • Cassini (Saturn)
slide62

Jupiter

  • Saturn
  • Uranus
  • Neptune
  • Pluto
  • Ganymede, Io, europa, Callisto, Titan, tritan, titania
neptune facts
Neptune Facts
  • Mythology – Named after the roman god of the sea
  • 8th planet from the sun
  • 17 times the mass of the earth
  • Ice Giant
neptune statistics
Neptune Statistics
  • Orbital Period – 164 years
  • Rotational period – 16.11 hours
neptune s great dark spot
Neptune’s Great Dark Spot
  • Strongest sustained winds win the solar system
  • 2100 km per hour
neptune s ring system features
Neptune’s ring system - FEATURES
  • Made out of rock particles
  • Very fragmented
  • Very Faint
moons2
Moons
  • 13 moons
  • Triton:
    • moves in the opposite direction of its planets
    • Most likely used to be a dwarf planet
    • Spiraling inward (will eventually be torn apart)