failures of the world war i peace settlement l.
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Failures of the World War I Peace Settlement. Treaty of Versailles causes anger, resentment in Europe Germany resents blame for war, loss of colonies, border territories Russia resents loss of lands used to create other nations New democracies flounder under social, economic problems

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failures of the world war i peace settlement
Failures of the World War I Peace Settlement
  • Treaty of Versailles causes anger, resentment in Europe
  • Germany resents blame for war, loss of colonies, border territories
  • Russia resents loss of lands used to create other nations
  • New democracies flounder under social, economic problems
  • Dictators rise; driven by nationalism, desire for more territory
joseph stalin transforms the soviet union
Joseph Stalin transforms the Soviet Union
  • 1922 V. I. Lenin establishes Soviet Union after civil war
  • 1924 Joseph Stalin takes over:
  • Believes in eventual rule by working class
    • Creates second largest industrial power; famines kill millions
  • Believed in state ownership of property
    • Replaces private farms with collectives
  • Totalitarian government exerts almost complete control over people
    • The Great Purge- Purges anyone who threatens his power; 8-13 million killed
nazis take over germany
Nazis Take over Germany
  • Adolf Hitler leader of National Socialist German Workers’ Party
  • Wrote Mein Kampf-basic beliefs of Nazism, based on extreme nationalism
  • Believed in extreme nationalism and racism, militaristic expansionism
    • Established Third Reich, Pulled out of League of Nations, built up military and sent troops to Rhineland
  • Private Property and Strong Government
  • Believed he was part of “master race” destined to rule the world
    • Felt Jews were responsible for world’s problems= racial “purification”
  • Anti-Communism
hedeki tojo
Hedeki Tojo
  • Difficult economic times in Japan after WWI undermined the country’s political system
    • Many Japanese officers/civilians wanted to seize territory to gain needed resources
  • Believes in nationalism and militaristic expansionism
  • 1931- Japanese nationalist military leaders seize resource rich Manchuria
  • League of Nations condemns action; Japan quits League
  • Militarists take control of Japanese government
benito mussolini
Benito Mussolini
  • Unemployment, inflation lead to bitter strikes, some communist-led
  • Benito Mussolini plays on fears of economic collapse, communism
  • Supported by government officials, police, army
  • 1922 appointed head of government, establishes totalitarian state
  • Italy developed the first major dictatorship in Europe (Facism) aggressive nationalism
    • Believed Nation more important than individual
    • Agreed to the Rome-Berlin Axis Pact
    • Oversaw invasion of Ethiopia
francisco franco
Francisco Franco
  • Civil War breaks out in Spain
  • 1936 Gen. Francisco Franco rebels against Spanish republic
  • Hitler, Mussolini back Franco; Stalin aids opposition
    • Western democracies remain neutral
  • Believes in Fascism and Militarism
  • War leads to Rome-Berlin Axis- alliance between Italy and Germany
  • 1939, Franco wins war, becomes fascist dicator
americans cling to isolationism
Americans Cling to Isolationism
  • Public is outraged at profits of _______, arms dealers during WWI.
    • Europeans refused to pay war debts to US.
  • Americans become ________________; FDR backs away from ____________ policy
  • 1935 ____________________ try to keep U.S. out of future wars
    • Outlaws ________ sales, loans to nations at war
  • 1937 Japan launches new attack on China; FDR sends aid to _____________
  • FDR wants to isolate aggressor nations to stop _______.
austria and czechoslovakia fall
Austria and Czechoslovakia Fall
  • Post WWI division of Austria-Hungary creates fairly small __________.
  • Majority of Austrians are ___________, favor unification with Germany
  • 1938, German troops march into Austria _________________ union complete
  • US., rest of world do nothing to stop Germany
bargaining for the sudetenland
Bargaining for the Sudetenland
  • 3 million German-speakers in Sudetenland
  • Hitler claims Czechs abuse Sudeten Germans, masses _________________ on border.
  • 1938, Prime Ministes Daladier, Neville Chamberlain meet with _____________.
  • Sign ___________________, hand Sudetenland over to Germany
  • Winston Churchill condemns appeasement policy, warns _____________ will follow
  • _____________________- giving up principles to pacify an aggressor
the soviet union declares neutrality
The Soviet Union Declares Neutrality
  • March 1939, German troops occupy rest of Czechoslovakia
  • Hitler charges Poles mistreat ___________ in Poland
  • Many think he’s bluffing; invading Poland would bring ___________________ war.
  • Stalin, Hitler sign _________________________- will not attack each other
  • Sign second, secret pact agreeing to divide ____________ between them.
german offensive begins 2 slides
German Offensive Begins (2 slides)
  • Sept 1939, Hitler overruns Poland in _______________, lightening war.
  • Germany _____________ western Poland; USSR annexes east
  • ________________________ declare war on Germany; World War II begins
  • French, British soldiers on Maginot Line face Germans in __________________.
  • Stalin annexes Latvia, Lithuania; defeats ___________.
  • 1940, Hitler invades Denmark, Norway, then ____________________.
the fall of france
The Fall of France
  • German army goes through __________________, bypassing French, British
  • British, French trapped on _______________; ferried to safely in UK
  • 1940, Italy invades France from south; Germans approach _______________.
  • France falls; Germans ___________ northern France
  • __________________ pupped government set up in southern France
  • General Charles de Gaulle sets up government ________________ in England.
the battle of britain
The Battle of Britain
  • Summer 1940, Germany prepares fleet to invade Britain
  • Battle of Britain – German __________ bomb British targets
  • Britain uses ___________ to track, shoot down German planes
  • Hitler calls off invasion of Britain
  • Germans, British continue to bomb each other’s cities
the us moves cautiously away from neutrality
The US moves Cautiously Away from Neutrality
  • 1939, FDR persuades Congress to pass _______________ provision
  • Argues will help France, Britain defeat Hitler, keep ________ out of war
  • 1940 FDR tries to provide Britain “all _____ short of war”
  • Germany, Japan, Italy sign Tripartite Pact, mutual defense treaty
    • Became known as __________________.
  • Pact aimed at keeping US out of war by forcing fight on ________________.
building us defenses
Building US Defenses
  • Nazi victories in 1940 lead to increased U.S defense spending