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POLAND OF THE FIRST PIAST DYNASTY

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  1. This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This presentation reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

  2. POLAND OF THE FIRSTPIAST DYNASTY by Comenius team of Gimnazjum nr 10 in Kielce, Poland Crossing Bridges from Past to Present based on presentations by Błażej Szczepanek, Maksym Chudzicki, Peweł Smoleń, Igor Wójciak supervised by Michał Kucmin,historyteacher & Beata Ciaś-Smutek, Englishteacher

  3. THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND Whileinour partner countriesHISTORY was forming …. inareasnowcalled POLAND….

  4. THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND But seriously…let’sfocus

  5. THE CONTENTS

  6. PREHISTORIC TIMES THE FIRST INHABITANTS OF THE LAND OF LATER POLAND The first traces of humanancestorsdiscoveredin Poland go back to 500 thousandyears ago. Later, about 120 thousandyears ago Neandertalsarrivedat the territory of Poland (the evidence was foundin Ojców, near Cracowin the DarkCave).

  7. PREHISTORIC TIMES THE FIRST INHABITANTS OF THE LAND OF LATER POLAND 40 thousandyears ago, homo-sapiens settledhere. .

  8. THE LEGEND THE LEGENDS OF FIRST INHABITANTS OF THE LAND OF LATER POLAND Therearesomelegends, tellingstories of 3 Slavic brothers Lech, Czech and Rus. Maybeherelies the truth! According to one, therewere 3 brothers, Slavicleaders: Lech, Czech and Rus. Escapingfromconflictsinthesouth of thecontinent, inthe time of formation of variousnations, theytravellednorthbetweentworiverstheOderinthewest and the Dniepr inthe east. „Polish” Lech settledintheforestsbetween 2 rivers : theOder and the River Vistula wherehegotattracted by a symbol of powera whiteeagle

  9. OLD, OLD TIMES OLD CULTURES ON POLISH LAND In allthosetimes, variousculturesdeveloped, knownatpresentonlythanks to archaeologicaldiscoveries. CULTURES

  10. Didyouknowthat…? The greatestarchaeologicaldiscoveryfrom the iron age on the territory of today’s Poland isa settlement of Sorbian (łużycka) culturein BISKUPIN of 2,5 thousandyears old built on the island near Biskupin lake. The amberroutewhichledacross the territory of Poland was used by ancienttraderswhodeliveredamberfrom the BalticSea to Rome. In exchange, theygotweapons, fabric materials and coins.

  11. POLISH TRIBES THE BEGINNING OF POLAND On the Polishterritorythe basic unit was a familyalongwiththeirrelatives. The group of familiesfrom one territorycreated a small group called„OPOLE” – ‘from the fieldsaround”. Each OPOLE was formed by natural borders, barrierssuch as: rivers, mountains orforests. In the variousOPOLEslived manytribes: Polans, Vistulans, Bobrzans, Goplans, etc.Everyday the OPOLE was governed by a tribalcouncilwhichincase of emergencyselected a leader (prince or a voivod). In time, theywanted to keep the power overbigger and biggerfamilygroups. Theleaders’ ambitionsled to unification of wholetribesintocommunities. .

  12. IX-X century THE FIRST INHABITANTS OF THE LAND OF LATER POLAND Overthecenturies many „Slavic” tribescame to live here .

  13. POLISH TRIBES THE BEGINNING OF POLAND Accordingto„BavarianGeograph” *, Many tribeleadersprobablystarted the process of unitinginthe 8th century but POLANS were the most successful. . Bavariangeograph–textfromIX c. written by monks of Ratisbonaincluding a detaileddescriptions of lands of Europe of thosetimes

  14. THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND THE FORMATION OF POLAND Untilthehalf of the X thcenturythe state of POLANS managed to conquerthelandsbetweenthe Upper Varta River and the Pilica and the Upper Bzura River. Thenextlandsadded to POLANS was Masovia and territoriesbetweenthe Vistula and the Bug Rivers. Duke Mieszko I whoruledbetween 960-992 roku, took Pomoria and Lubuska Land. After his long reinhetookSalisiafromCzechs and Vistulans’ lands. His ancestors and Mieszko I joinedallthoseconqueredlandswiththe land of POLANS’ finishingtheterritorialformation of Poland.

  15. THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND MIESZKO I TIMES Mieszko I’sportaitrecostructedon thebasis of his descriptionsin old chronicles. Wow!What a beard. !!

  16. MIESZKO the I (info) MIESZKO I TIMES Mieszko I Piast dynasty, (born 945 – died 25 May 992) Siemomysł’s son, Lestek’sgrandson. Mieszko I the first historicalruler of Polans, thecreatoror Poland, continuedthepolicy of his ancestorswho by alliancesor by militarypowersubordinatedotherlands. He conductedcleverdiplomaticactivities, having an alliancewithCzechs, thenwithSweden . In foreign policyheusedreason of state sometimescooperatingwithearlierenemies. He left Poland to his sons twice as big as hestartedwith and on a higherpositionin Europe. Jan Matejko: Mieszko I

  17. THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND MIESZKO I TIMES Polishlandsatthereign of Mieszko I

  18. BAPTISM OF POLAND THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND Probably in 964 Mieszko began negotiations with the Bohemian (Czech) ruler Boleslav I the Cruel. As a result, in 965 Mieszko I married his daughter Dobrawa . The initiative of the Polish-Bohemian Alliance mayhavebeenthe Polish Duke’s idea.

  19. BAPTISM OF POLAND THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND Wife of Mieszko I-Dobrawa WOOOOW! What a hot girl 

  20. BAPTISM OF POLAND THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND In 966 there was thesymbolicceremony of baptism of Poland. It was a politicaldecision. In thiscleverwayheeliminatedtheGermans’ wish to introducechristianity to Polish land by force. Dobrawa In 968the first bishop Jordan started his work. Throughchristianity Mieszko I’s state became one of the Christian countriesopen to variouscultures of theworld. GoodStrategist

  21. BAPTISM OF POLAND THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND Date of Baptism – 966 AD Maybe the place was Gniezno the first Polish capital city.. Now, You’re gonna have a quickdive… intheholywater!

  22. BAPTISM OF POLAND THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND ACCEPTING CHRISTIANITY BY POLANDas imagined by artist Jan Matejko DID THEY PARTY HARD all weekend???

  23. MIESZKO I’S WARRIORS’ TEAM THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND To gainmorelands and controlthem Duke Mieszko I organised a regular permanent team of warriors. The first quarters of Mieszko I (Ostrów Ledrdcki near Poznan) Cedynia

  24. THE BATTLE OF CEDYNIA MIESZKO I’S WARRIORS’ TEAM In June 972 thewarriorsfought back German MargraveOdo's forces whichmoved in and on 24 June twice engaged Mieszko's army at the village of Cidini, (Cedynia). Mieszko’svictorymadePolish country stronger and his influence in Europe morestable . *Itis a veryimportantdateinPolishhistory.

  25. THE BATTLE OF CEDYNIA MIESZKO I’S WARRIORS’ TEAM

  26. THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND DEATH and SUCCESSION • Mieszko died on 25 May 992. Sources give no reasons to believe that his death occurred from causes other than natural, probablyovercome by fever. • According to Thietmar, Mieszko I whofought so hard to unitethePolishlandsdivided his state before his death among a number of princes, his sons: Boleslav I the Brave, Mieszko and Lambert.

  27. THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND MIESZKO”S LAST WILL--- DAGOME IUDEX LAST WILL OF MIESZKO I - 992 y. His last will calledDagome iudexdividedPoland: for BoleslavtheBravehegaveMasovia and Salisia, for theother sons therest of thelands. He definedtheborders of Poland and gave POLAND inthecare of the Pope, inexchange for theregulartributepaidto Rome.

  28. THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND MIESZKO I’S TOMB A cenotaph was built for Mieszko I and his successor Bolesław I the Brave in the Golden Chapel at the Poznań Cathedral, where the damaged remains found in the 14th century tomb of Boleslav were placed.

  29. THE BEGINNINGS OF POLAND THE IMAGE OF BOLESLAV THE BRAVE Boleslaw the Brave theoldest and only son of Mieszko and Dobravatookoverthe authority after Mieszko. He banished his step-brothers and step-motherOda from Poland. Not very nice but good for the unity of POLAND. Impressivemoustache

  30. BOLESLAV I THE BRAVE (info) THE REIGN OF BOLESLAV THE BRAVE BoleslavI theBrave(born 967 AD inPoznan, died17 June 1025 ) – Duke of Poland from 992, the first crownedPolish king in 1025) from Piast dynasty, between 1003-1004 was also Czech Duke. Poland of Piasts under his reignbecamethemainpower of Central Europe. Churches, monasteries and townsestablished by himmaderuling of the country easierand moreeffective. In Gniezno, Poznan, Giecz and Włocławek teams of warriorswerebased. Thanks to them, Boleslavcontrolledthewhole country and regulartributeswerepaidstraight to Polishtreasury.

  31. POLAND OF BOLESLAV I THE BRAVE CONGRESS IN GNIEZNO Attheturn of 996 & 997 bishopAdalbert fromPraguecame to Gniezno invited by Boleslav. Boleslavhelpedhimorganisecrusadesto pagantribesin Pruss to convertthem to christianity. However, Bishop Adalbert brokelocalrules and gotkilled by thepagans. Adalbert’s body was so precious to thePolishrulerthatheagreed to buy itfromthePruses. His remainsareinthe Gniezno cathedral. Św. Wojciech –Saint Adalbert

  32. POLAND OF BOLESLAV I THE BRAVE CONGRESS IN GNIEZNO Martyrologicaldeath of Saint Adalbert (św. Wojciech) and his quickcanonizationhad a great meaning for furtherhistory of Poland, becausethe country whichhaditsown Saint patron had a better, strongerpositionin Europe. Theemperror Otto and the Pope agreedto establish a bishop’smetropolyin Gniezno, which was our first capital city.

  33. POLAND OF BOLESLAV I THE BRAVE CONGRESS IN GNIEZNO Themeeting of theemperror Otto withBoleslavat Gniezno Congressin 1000 afterthedeath of Adalbert is one of the most importanteventsinPolishhistoryinthe Middle Ages. Theemperor Otto III recognized Poland as an independent country. As the symbol of royal powerhegaveBoleslavthespear of St. Mauricius and a special tiara. Ithappened 25 yearsbeforetheactualcoronation. IMPORTANT !!! Saint Mauricius’sspear - the symbol of royal power of German emperors

  34. POLAND OF BOLESLAV the BRAVE CORONATION in 1025 Bolesław was crowned. A fewmonthslaterBoleslavdied but thiscoronationacthad a veryimportantvalue for Poland. As thekingdomitbecame independent fromtheemperor. BoleslavtheBraveleft to his sons a largercountry but surroundedby enemy neighbours. Artist Jan Matejko: THE CORONATION OF Boleslav the Brave by Otto III

  35. THE BORDERS OF POLAND about 1020 year. Theshadowis Poland atpresenttimes. POLAND FROM THETIMES OF BOLESLAV I BRAVE

  36. THE BEGINNING OF POLAND THAT WAS AN OUTLINE OF THE FORMATION OF POLAND

  37. THE FAMILY TREE OF PIAST DYNASTY THE FAMILY TREE OF PIAST DYNASTY

  38. Mieszko I on banknotes of 10 zł Theoriginalmoneyfrom his times

  39. Boleslav I theBraveon banknotes of 20 zł Theoriginalmoneyfrom his times

  40. Do youknowthat….? The town of Gniezno was built on a hillcalled „Lech’sMountain” and covered the area of 6 hectars. Over 1000 peoplelivedthere. The trip of Otto II fromRome to Gniezno to the meetingwithBoleslav the Bravetook 4 months. Today the distancecan be coveredinjustabout 15 hours by train. The first Polishmoneywhichappearedat the times of Boleslav the Bravewerecoinscalleddenars. According to chroniclespeoplecould buy 10 hens for 1 denar.

  41. POLAND WAS ALWAYS THE LAND PULLED & TORN BY MANY OTHER STATES AND OCCUPANTS. WE HAD A HARD HISTORY OF FORMING OUR COUNTRY TWO MORE TIMES!!!

  42. Thanks for yourattention

  43. This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This presentation reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.