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PERMITTING ELECTRIC GENERATING UNITS PowerPoint Presentation
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PERMITTING ELECTRIC GENERATING UNITS

PERMITTING ELECTRIC GENERATING UNITS

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PERMITTING ELECTRIC GENERATING UNITS

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  1. PERMITTING ELECTRIC GENERATING UNITS Jim Linville & Erik Hendrickson Air Permits Division

  2. Why • The Texas Clean Air Act Requires any Stationary Source that Emits Air Contaminants to Receive Authorization from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) .

  3. Statutes and Rules • Texas Health and Safety Code Chapter 382 (Texas Clean Air Act) • 30 Texas Administrative Code (TAC) Chapter 116 • 30 Texas Administrative Code (TAC) Chapter 106

  4. Types of Authorizations • De Minimis Facilities (30 TAC § 116.119) • Permits by Rule (30 TAC Chapter 106) • Standard Permits (30 TAC 116 Subchapter F) • New Source Review (NSR) Permits (30 TAC Chapter 116)

  5. De Minimis • Fuel Cells (Up to 1 MW) • No Registration Required • No Authorization Required • Solar • Wind

  6. Permits by Rule • PBR 106.511 – Emergency Generators • Emergency Only - Not for Peak Shaving • No Registration • PBR 106.512 – Engines and Turbines • Very Limited Use Since Standard Permit for Electric Generating Units Issued in June 2001 • Registration – 45 Day Review

  7. Standard Permits • Standard Permit for Electric Generating Units • Primarily for Distributed Generation • Output Based NOx Standard in lb/MWh • East and West Texas Standards • Allowance for Combined Heat and Power • Relaxed Standard for Landfill Gas, Digester Gas • Registration – 45 Day Review

  8. New Source Review Permit • Can Not Qualify for Deminimis, PBR, or Standard Permit • Permit Required Prior to Construction • Detailed Application with In-Depth Analysis • Case by Case Review for BACT • Public Notice Required

  9. New Source Review Permits(Cont) • Review Time – 6 to 12 Months (If No Public Hearing) • No Zoning Authority • Only Review and Permit Air Emissions • General application info located at 30 TAC § 116.110-116.143

  10. Nonattainment and Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) • Nonattainment Permits are for Major Sources in Nonattainment Areas • PSD Permits are for Major Sources in Attainment Areas • Pollutant Specific Permits • Review Concurrent with and Permit Issued by TCEQ with NSR Permit

  11. Other Federal Permits • Title IV Acid Rain Permit • Not Required Prior to Construction • Reviewed by and Issued by TCEQ • Only for Utilities that Sell Power to Grid • Title V Federal Operating Permit • Not Required Prior to Construction • Reviewed by and Issued by TCEQ • All Major Sources

  12. Permitting Statistics • Natural Gas Fired Turbine Permits Between 1996 to 2006 • 97 Projects Reviewed = 57,199 MW • 89 Projects Permitted = 53,317 MW • 66 Projects Still Permitted = 35,536 MW • 66.6% MW Still Permitted • Pending • 1 Project = 330 MW

  13. Solid Fueled Units • 2 Permits Issued = 1550 MW (Coal) • 13 Permits Under Review = 10,100 MW • 600 MW (Lignite and Coal) • 1600 MW (Lignite) • 1100 MW (Petroleum Coke and Coal) • 300 MW (Petroleum Coke) • 6400 MW (Coal) • 100 MW (Wood Refuse)

  14. Permitting Difficulties • Public Participation • NOx Allowances for HGA • Ozone Transport Issues • CAIR & CAMR • Greenhouse Gas – CO2

  15. Conclusion • All Power Plants will Require Authorization by the TCEQ • Most Will Require a NSR Permit and a PSD Permit • Probably Require a Title IV and Title V

  16. Web Links • De Minimis http://www.tceq.state.tx.us/permitting/air/newsourcereview/de_minimis.html • Permit by Rule http://www.tceq.state.tx.us/permitting/air/nav/air_pbr.html • NSR Permits http://www.tceq.state.tx.us/nav/permits/air_permits.html

  17. QUESTIONS?