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Expert Group Meeting

Expert Group Meeting

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Expert Group Meeting

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  1. Expert Group Meeting ‘Using Energy Management Standards to stimulate persistent application of Energy Efficiency in Industry’ Alexandre V. MELLOEnvironmental Department – Climate ChangeBrazilian Confederation of Industries - CNI22 March 2007 UNIDO – Vienna/Austria

  2. Investigating the attitude of Brazilian organisations with CDM projects towards ISO 14064 Alexandre V. MELLO MSc Climate Change and Sustainable Development Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development - IESD De Montfort University / UK Environmental Management on Climate Change ISO 14064 research

  3. Why a ISO 14064 study? Research Objectives and Hypotheses Literature Review Method Results General Outcomes Conclusions Overview

  4. To investigate its acceptability; To identify its potential benefits and barriers; Why a ISO 14064 study? (1)

  5. Due to pressure from governments and organisations to standardise GHG requirements; Due to appearance of others GHG standards; It was published recently: Lack of academic researches (Probably this is the first research); Lack of case studies (only 3 examples – draft standard). Why a ISO 14064 study? (2)

  6. Due to its specificity as ISO 14064 – Part 2 focuses on GHG projects (mainly CDM projects). Why a ISO 14064 study? (3)

  7. To identify whether the Brazilian organisations with CDM projects will adopt ISO 14064 and the potential motives and/or barriers to implement it; To analyse how Brazilian organisations with CDM projects manage their environmental aspects / CDM projects and what their experiences are with ISO standards / GHG guidelines. Objectives of the research

  8. H1: Brazilian organisations with CDM projects will be interested in implementing ISO 14064; H2: Brazilian organisations with CDM projects that have experience on environmental programs such as EMS and ISO certification will be the most interested in adopting ISO 14064; Hypotheses of the research (1)

  9. H3: Large Brazilian organisations with CDM projects (International corporations, high number of employees, high turnover) will be interested in ISO 14064; H4: Since ISO 14064 is a voluntary and a new standard to apply in the carbon market, the Brazilian organisations with CDM projects will not be interested due to the lack of information and potential benefits of the standard. Hypotheses of the research (2)

  10. ISO 14001 certifications worldwide and in Brazil (high demand); Kyoto Protocol and the CDM worldwide and in Brazil (high demand); Standards for GHG emissions accounting and reporting (5) ISO 14064:2006 (mainly Part 2 – Projects). Literature Review

  11. Voluntary standards for GHG projects

  12. Comparison of ISO popularity and other GHG standards Source: Google, 12/08/2006

  13. Research’sframework

  14. Information sources: literature and reports; climate change and environmental experts (WG09 – CB38/ABNT); and ISO questionnaire reports; Questionnaire applied to 47 Brazilian organisations that have 60 CDM projects - registered (57) and requested registration (3) in the UNFCCC – 11th July 2006 (applied by email – 2 organisations by telephone); Research Method (1)

  15. Results are from 6 organisations’ sectors identified from the LR: SASector (24 projects), AWMSector (14), LSector (10), ECgSector (9), RSector (2), N2OSector (1), Organisations are treated with confidentiality; Research Method (2)

  16. Results of the research (1) • Response rate:

  17. Results of the research (2) • Section 1: the organisation • 64.3% are large organisations; • 33.3% of CDM projects are from SASector; • ECgSector and LSector (13.3% each one); • 60% work independently.

  18. Results of the research (3) • Section 2: the EM and certification • 66.7% have ISO 9000 and 53.3% have ISO 14001 certificates; • 90% work with international certifier bodies; • 80% have EM programmes (e.g. recycling and EMS); • 50% have energy efficiency program.

  19. Results of the research (4) • Section 3: the CDM Project • 80% hired external consultancy; • Most consultants work internationally with offices in Brazil; • 60% use KP CDM guideline to account and verify GHG emissions; • 40% believe that ISO 14064 and CDM requirements could be integrated (e.g. GHG emissions reduction becomes a requirement of an EMS);

  20. Results of the research (5) • Section 3: the CDM Project • Reasons to have developed CDM project: • Reduce GHG emissions (60%); • Improve environmental performance (53.3%); • Only 6.7% developed their CDM project to attend regulatory needs, government policy and promote SD.

  21. Results of the research (6) • Section 4: the ISO 14064 Standard • 46.7% declared the intention to learn more about the standard; • 26.7% have limited knowledge and have already heard of it; • 20% never had contact with ISO 14064;

  22. Results of the research (7) • Section 4: the ISO 14064 Standard • Adoption: • 46.7% do not have interest to implement it in their CDM projects; • 33.3% did not answer this question (lack of knowledge); • 20% have the intention to implement it (as soon as possible; after one year; during 2008-2012); • 53.3% believe that ISO 14064 will be implemented in Brazilian organisations (comparing to ISO 14001);

  23. Results of the research (8) • Section 4: the ISO 14064 Standard • Adoption: • 60% demonstrated that ISO 14064 will be implemented in organisations with CDM projects; • 46.7% implemented it in large organisations; • 33.3% implemented it in organisations that have ISO standards implemented;

  24. Results of the research (9) • Section 4: the ISO 14064 Standard • Reasons to adopt ISO 14064:2006: 46.7% 33.3% 6.7% 20%

  25. Results of the research (10) • Section 4: the ISO 14064 Standard • Reasons not to adopt ISO 14064:2006: 13.3% 6.7% 20% 66.7% not answered

  26. General Outcomes (1) • Internal benefits to implement ISO 14064: • External benefits to implement ISO 14064:

  27. General Outcomes (2) • Internal barriers to implement ISO 14064: • External barriers to implement ISO 14064:

  28. Brazilian organisations with CDM projects, at first, will not adopt ISO 14064 (problems: lack of knowledge; costs related to validation and verification processes); They support the necessity to standardise requirements to quantify, monitor and verify GHG emissions reductions; They understand that standardised procedures can improve credibility and financial aspects of CDM projects (can attract investors); Conclusions (1)

  29. Small organisations are more interested than large organisations (minimise risks related to the CDM project); Brazilian organisations with CDM projects have pro-environmental attitude (high number of EM programs and ISO certificates – good tendency to adopt ISO 14064); Conclusions (2)

  30. Standards are environmental and business tools to tackling climate change and improving profits (LR); Dissemination is a key to ISO 14064 adoption (it was achieved in Brazilian organisations with CDM projects); It was recommended an action plan at ISO and National standards associations to disseminate ISO 14064 (plan: who, where, when and how). Conclusions (3)

  31. QUESTIONS ? MANY THANKS ! Full study: www.abnt.org.br/cb38 Alexandre V. MELLO amello@cni.org.br + 55 61 3317.9482