Example Foreign Exchange Problems Fall 2013

1 / 11

Example Foreign Exchange Problems Fall 2013 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Example Foreign Exchange Problems Fall 2013. Transaction 1 – Sheepskins Purchase.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Example Foreign Exchange Problems Fall 2013' - misha

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

ExampleForeign ExchangeProblemsFall 2013

Transaction 1 – SheepskinsPurchase

FUZZY SHOES of USA purchases sheep skins from Australia. FUZZY SHOES will pay AUS\$ 25,000,000 in 90 days. The present spot exchange rate is US\$0.9526/AUS\$. The 90 day forward contract exchange rate is US\$ 0.9469/AUS\$. The annual prime lending rate in Australia is 2.50% per annum. The annual deposit rate in Australia is 2.10% per annum. FUZZY SHOES’S cost of capital is 9.00% per annum.

What could happen?

• Value of purchase transaction today in US\$

AUS\$ 25,000,000 X US\$ 0.9526/AUS\$

= US\$ 23,815,000

• Depreciation of US\$ example

AUS\$ 25,000,000 X US\$ 0.9713/AUS\$

= US\$24,282,500

• Appreciation of US\$ example

AUS\$ 25,000,000 X US\$ 0.9449/AUS\$

= US\$ 23,622,500

Don’t know what will happen – leads to actions to prevent foreign exchange rate risk

90 Day Forward Contract

AUS\$ 25,000,000 X US\$ 0.9469/AUS\$ =

US\$ 23,672,500 paid in 90 days

Need Present Value (PV) of this payment, must discount by FUZZY SHOES’s cost of capital

PV = Forward Value = US\$ 23,672,500 = US\$ 23,151,589

(1+ cost of capital ) (1 + .09 )

fraction of year 4

Asset – Liability Hedging

FUZZY SHOES has an Accounts Payable of AUS\$ 25,000,000, a Liability, and needs to match with an Asset, a 90 day bank deposit in Australia. The logic is that after 90 days, the bank deposit’s principal and interest will pay off the Accounts Payable.

The amount to deposit in Australia:

Amount for deposit = Value of Accounts Payable

(1 + deposit rate )

fraction of year

= AUS\$ 25,000,000 = AUS\$ 24,869,435

(1 + .0210 )

4

Amount of US\$ required for the AUS\$ 24,869,435 bank deposit:

AUS\$ 24,869,435 X US\$ 0.9526/AUS\$ = US\$ 23,690,623

Which to choose?
• PV of 90 day Forward Contract = US\$ 23,151,589
• Asset-Liability Hedging = US\$ 23,690,623
• Choose Forward Contract – Pay less US\$ for the purchase
• Lessons
• Must make financial calculations to make choice
• Must determine present value of forward contract by discounting using firm’s cost of capital
• No method of foreign exchange risk protection is always better than another, can only be determined through financial analysis
Transaction 2 – Shoe SALE

FUZZY SHOES sells UK£ 10,500,000 of sheepskin shoes in the United Kingdom (UK) and will receive payment in 180 days. The spot exchange rate is US\$ 1.5996/ UK£. The 180 day forward contract exchange rate is US\$ 1.5974/ UK£. The annual prime lending rate in the UK is 4.22% per annum. The annual bank deposit rate in the UK is 1.00% per annum. FUZZY SHOES’s cost of capital is 9.00% per annum.

What could happen?

• Value of transaction today in US\$

UK£ 10,500,000 X US\$ 1.5996/UK£

= US\$ 16,795,800

• Depreciation of US\$

UK£ 10,500,000 X US\$ 1.6153/UK£

= US\$ 16,960,650

• Appreciation of US\$

UK£ 10,500,000 X US\$ 1.5855/UK£

= US\$ 16,647,750

Don’t know what will happen – leads to actions to prevent foreign exchange rate risk

180 Day Forward Contract

UK£ 10,500,000 X US\$ 1.5974/ UK£ =

US\$ 16,772,700 received in 180 days

Need Present Value (PV) of this sale, must discount by FUZZY SHOES’s cost of capital

PV = Forward Value = US\$ 16,772,700 = US\$ 16,050,430

(1+ cost of capital ) (1 + .09 )

fraction of year 2

Asset – Liability Hedging

FUZZY SHOES has an Accounts Receivable of UK£ 10,500,000, an Asset, and needs to match with a Liability, a 180 day loan in the UK. The logic is that after 180 days, the received payment will be sufficient to pay off the 180 bank loan principal plus interest.

The amount to borrow in UK:

Amount to Borrow = Value of Accounts Receivable

(1 + borrowing rate)

fraction of year

Amount to Borrow = UK£ 10,500,000 = UK£ 10,283,028

(1 + .0422 )

2

Amount of US\$ received from the UK£ 10,283,028 bank loan:

Multiple today’s spot rate US\$ 1.5996/UK£ X UK£ 10,283,028 = US\$ 16,448,731

Which to choose?
• PV Forward Contract = US\$ 16,050,430
• Asset-Liability Hedging = US\$ 16,448,731
• Choose Asset-Liability Hedging – Receive more US\$ for the sale
• Lessons
• Must make financial calculations to make choice
• Must determine present value of forward contract by discounting using firm’s cost of capital
• No method of foreign exchange risk protection is always better than another, can only be determined through financial analysis