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Roman Villas and Apartments

Roman Villas and Apartments

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Roman Villas and Apartments

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  1. Roman Villas and Apartments Latin I House Unit

  2. Hadrian’s Villa • Built between 118 and 134 AD

  3. What was Hadrian’s Villa? • Imperial palace covering 300 acres • Included theatres, bathhouses, libraries, houses for guests, gardens, statues, pools • Theatre: http://www.italyguides.it/us/roma/hadrian_s_villa/maritime_theater.htm

  4. Bathhouse

  5. Egyptian influence • Hadrian had Egyptian statues brought in and modeled much of his architecture after Alexandria

  6. Egyptian statues

  7. Canal (130 yds long!)

  8. Decorations • Besides statues and ponds, the villa was also elaborately decorated with frescoes • Do you remember what a fresco is???

  9. Fresco

  10. Underground Tunnels • Hadrian also recreated a tunnel system of Hades, which connected various parts of the villa • See why it took so long to build?

  11. Architecture

  12. What’s left of Hadrian’s Villa? • Everything you see in the pictures and more! • However, it was plundered for the marble and other valuable materials throughout the 6th-8th centuries • Archeologists still believe there are more artifacts they have not yet uncovered!

  13. Roman Apartments • Very common during Hadrian’s reign • Known as “Insulae” which means…. • Usually for the lower classes • Entire families would share one room • Very unsafe! • Made of wood • Serious risk of fire or collapse

  14. What were the conditions like? • Usually did not have running water, toilets, or heat, especially in upper floors • Many threw waste out the windows (no glass) onto the streets below • Cooking was discouraged in apartments due to the risk of fire • Many cooked anyway, at the risk of fire

  15. Were apartments popular? • By the end of the 4th century, apartments outnumbered houses 25 to 1 • Because of the large population, restrictions were put on apartments • Height restrictions • Fire restrictions