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Greek Theater. Background. History. Classical drama arose in Athens, Greece Part of religious celebrations to honor Dionysus (god of wine & fertility) Drama evolved from classic drama around 6 th century BC. The Theater. Attended by thousands Outdoor style with seats built into hillside

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Greek theater

Greek Theater

Background


History
History

  • Classical drama arose in Athens, Greece

  • Part of religious celebrations to honor Dionysus (god of wine & fertility)

  • Drama evolved from classic drama around 6th century BC


The theater
The Theater

  • Attended by thousands

  • Outdoor style with seats built into hillside

  • Stage (raised platform) at bottom of hill

  • Skene – backdrop & dressing room

  • Orchestra – circular floor between skene and audience


Actors
Actors

  • All men

    • Wore elegant robes

    • Huge masks

    • Elevated shoes

  • Sophocles (wrote Antigone) used 3 actors for the play

  • Changed masks & robes to change characters


Chorus
Chorus

  • A group of 15

  • Commented on action of play

  • Choragus (leader) participates in dialogue with characters

  • Between scenes sang songs that gave insight into the message of the play


Tragedy
Tragedy

  • A drama that recounts the downfall of a dignified, superior character who is involved in historically or socially significant events


Tragic hero
Tragic Hero

  • Protagonist

  • In conflict with an opposing force, the antagonist


Tragic flaw
Tragic Flaw

  • Possessed by the tragic hero

  • Brings about or contributes to his/her downfall


Tragic flaw cont
Tragic Flaw, cont…

  • Flaw may be

    • Poor judgment

    • Pride

    • Weakness

    • Excess of admirable quality

  • Tragic hero recognizes his/her flaw and its consequences but only after it is too late to change the course of events


Action of the tragedy
Action of the Tragedy

  • Builds from one event to the next

  • Finally a catastrophe that leads to the final disastrous conclusion

  • Twists of fate play a key role in the hero’s destruction


Three unities
THREE UNITIES

  • Unity of action – tightly linked cause and effect.

  • Unity of time – occurs in a twenty-four hour period.

  • Unity of place – occurs in one place.



Greek theater

  • FOIL – character who provides contrast to another…Ismene and Antigone

  • MOTIF- repeated idea or event…Creon’s accusations of conspiracy.

  • PARADOX – statement that seems contradictory but actually presents a truth. Creon’s statement…”A fortune won is often misfortune.” The blind Teresias sees all.

  • ALLUSION- reference to a well-known work, person, event. The chorus mentions suffering of individuals from Greek myths.


What do you know
What do you know??? and Antigone

  • The plots in Greek drama were based on _______, so the audience knew the story beforehand. Knowing what happens before the characters do is called _________ _________.


Greek theater


Greek theater

  • No ____ acted. the state. The rituals from which drama is thought to originate were performed in honor of the god _____.

  • No ____ was shown on stage; instead, it was reported by messengers.

  • Performances occurred in _____light in open air theaters carved into _____.

  • The ____advised the characters, gave background information, and interpreted events.


Greek theater

  • ______ is a type of drama in which the ______ undergoes a morally significant struggle which ends disastrously.

  • The tragic hero has a ___ which contributes to his downfall.

  • The hero is not evil.

  • He is a person of ____ who undergoes a reversal of ____.

  • He accepts _____ for his actions.