1960s. By: James, Paul, and Helen. World Events. Amazing Facts of the 60’s. * Population 177,830,000 * Unemployment 3,852,000 * National Debt 286.3 Billion * Average Salary $4,743 * Teacher's Salary $5,174 * Minimum Wage $1.00 * Life Expectancy: Males 66.6 years, Females 73.1 years
By: James, Paul, and Helen
* Unemployment 3,852,000
* National Debt 286.3 Billion
* Average Salary $4,743
* Teacher's Salary $5,174
* Minimum Wage $1.00
* Life Expectancy: Males 66.6 years, Females 73.1 years
* Auto deaths 21.3 per 100,000
* An estimated 850,000 "war baby" freshmen enter college; emergency
living quarters are set up in dorm lounges, hotels and trailer camps.
Ooh la la!``````````````````````````````````````````
July – Direct commercial airline traffic begins between the United States and the Soviet Union
First United States troops arrive in South Vietnam
The U.S. destroyer Maddox is attacked off North Vietnam, in the Tonkin Gulf, by North Vietnamese torpedo boats. On August 4 the Maddox and the destroyer C Turner Joy are attacked.
The Tonkin Gulf incident moves the United States Congress to authorize President Lyndon Johnson to undertake “all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression.”
U.S. aircraft bomb North Vietnam following Vietcong attacks on U.S. areas in South Vietnam. This begins a pattern of regular U.S. bombing of North Vietnam known as Operation Rolling Thunder or Operation Flaming Dart.
Two battalions of U.S. Marines, 3,500 soldiers, land to defend Danang airbase in South Vietnam. These are the first combat troops to enter the war.
July 1965 –
President Johnson announces that he will increase the number of U.S. troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000. He also doubles the monthly draft quota from 17,000 to 35,000.
Opponents of the war in Vietnam organize protests across the United States. Some burn draft cards; one is arrested for doing so, under a new federal law.
March 1966 –
Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara announces that 215,000 U.S. troops are now in South Vietnam. Some 20,000 more are scheduled to join them.
Australia triples its forces supporting the South Vietnamese to 4,500
The United States announces that it has been using defoliating agents in territory around the demilitarized zone between North and South Vietnam to deprive North Vietnamese infiltrators of protective cover.
Former Truman advisor Clark Clifford succeeds McNamara as secretary of defense. McNamara had alienated President Johnson by questioning the administration’s escalation of the Vietnam War.
The Vietcong launches the Tet offensive against South Vietnamese. They atttacked more than 100 cities and towns in a series of coordinated attacks throughout South Vietnam. The Vietcong failed to capture any towns or cities and were ultimately driven back from most of the positions they had gained.
President Johnson appears on national television to discuss the war. He also announced that “I shall not seek, and I will not accept, the nomination of my party for another term as your president.”
U.S. soldiers massacre 450 men, women, and children at the village of My Lai, in South Vietnam. The news of this event will surface almost two years later. The soldiers insist that they were following orders.
United States and North Vietnamese negotiators begin peace talks in Paris, France.
General William C. Westmoreland relinquishes command of U.S. forces in Vietnam, after losing President Johnson’s confidence. Westmoreland is succeeded by General Creighton W. Abrams.
United States B-52s drop an estimated 3,000 tons of bombs, a new record, on Vietcong positions near the Cambodian border in South Vietnam.
President Nixon announces the withdraw of 25,000 U.S. troops from South Vietnam
35,000 more troops withdrawn.
United States President John F. Kennedy meets with Cuban exile leaders Jose San Romàn, Manuel Artime, and Colonel Eneido Oliva in Palm Beach, Florida, in December 1962. The failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 seriously embarrassed the Kennedy administration, which was blamed by some for not giving it adequate support, while others criticized Kennedy for allowing it to take place at all.
…in the 1960’s?
February 9, 1964, the newest musical fascination in Britain, the Beatles, are introduced by Ed Sullivan. The Beatles never looked back.
It has been estimated that 74 million people were watching the “Ed Sullivan Show” that night (3 times the amount of people who watch “Survivor” today). This night was recently ranked #1 on VH1’s Top Rock Moments on TV.
Debut album released in 1962 that consisted of many folk and blues songs covers. He released a second album of all original songs entitled The Freewheelin’ Bob Dylan. He grew to be a hero to folk music lovers across the country. However, in 1965, Dylan recorded an electric guitar-backed album and performance that was met by “boos” and groans from his fans and the crowd. Dylan’s “Like a Rolling Stone” broke the traditional time for a pop song (3 minutes) at 6 minutes total and was the number 2 song in the country.
Electric guitar pioneer and performer extraordinaire, Hendrix had a brief four year superstar reign before his death in 1970. He was responsible for turning many people’s ears with his innovative guitar riffs and ability to sing the blues. His popular hits consist of “Purple Haze,” “Foxy Lady,” “Hey Joe,” and a cover of Bob Dylan’s “All Along the Watchtower.”Other Popular Musical Acts
This duo was the most successful folk rock group of the 1960’s. The group was hailed for their harmonic singing and acoustic and electric guitar work. Their first number one song was “Sounds of Silence” in 1966. Another popular song recognized today by many people who were not even alive in that time period was “Mrs. Robinson.” This song, along with many other Simon & Garfunkle songs, was featured in one of the 1960’s best films, The Graduate.Other Popular Musical Acts
Woodstock - 1969
Woodstock was a 3 day, 2 night music festival featuring performances from the following rock stars of that time period:
Joan Baez The Band Blood, Sweat, and Tears
Canned Heat Joe Cocker The Paul Butterfield Blues Band
Arlo Guthrie Grateful Dead Country Joe and the Fish
Tim Hardin Keef Hartly Creedence Clearwater Revival
Richie Havens Jimi Hendrix Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young
Janis Joplin Quill Incredible String Band
Santana Ravi Shankar Jefferson Airplane
John Sebastian Sha Na Na Melanie Mountain
Bert Sommer Sweetwater Ten Years After
The Who Johnny Winter Sly and the Family Stone
1960 – “Psycho” starring Janet Leigh and Anthony Perkins
1961 – “The Absent Minded Professor” starring Fred MacMurray
1961 – “101 Dalmations” a full length cartoon from Disney based on a classic children’s tale
1962 – “Dr No” starring Sean Connery as the still active James Bond
1963 – “From Russia with Love” starring Sean Connery in the 2nd Bond film
1964 – “Mary Poppins” starring Julie Andrews in a Disney movie about a magical nanny that combined live action and cartoon action
1965 – “The Sound of Music” starring Julie Andrews and won 5 Oscars, including Best Picture and Director
1966 – “Batman” starring the original Batman Adam West in the first movie of the popular series
1967 – “Bonnie and Clyde” starring Faye Dunaway and Warren Beatty
1967 – “The Producers” starring Zero Mostel and Gene Wilder
1967 – “You Only Live Twice” starring Sean Connery is the 5th Bond film in 5 years
1967 – “The Jungle Book” animated classic from Disney about a boy raised by animals in the jungle
1967 – “Planet of the Apes” starring Charlton Heston was the leading sci-fi movie of the era
1968 – “Yellow Submarine” an animated movie featuring the Beatles versus the Blue Meanies to the tunes of albums Rubber Soul, Revolver, and Sgt. Pepper
1968 – “Chitty Chitty Bang Bang” starring Dick Van Dyke and car that can fly and float
“The Tonight Show” began the 1960’s with Jack Paar as its host and was known as “The Jack Paar Tonight Show.” The show ended in 1962 as Johnny Carson became the new host of “The Tonight Show.”
The show was filmed earlier in the day before it would air at night. The show began playing at 11:15 p.m. with a
15 minute monologue. This segment’s time was eventually handed over to Ed McMahon and Skitch Henderson in February 1965. On January 2, 1967, the show’s opening time slot from 11:15-11:30 was dropped and began the 90 minute format to the show.
The show had several comedic bits that ranged from original pre-taped skits to live action bits to spoofs of commercials, movies, news stories, and other television shows. Johnny Carson retired in the 1990’s, being replaced with Jay Leno, after 30 years of hosting the late night success.