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Module 06. The Skills. What’s Inside Reading skills in ESP Listening to monologue Listening and speaking skills in ESP Speaking monologue Writing skills in ESP. Reading skills in ESP - Text as a Linguistic Object (TALO) - Text as a Vehicle of Information (TAVI)

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module 06

Module 06

The Skills

slide2
What’s Inside
  • Reading skills in ESP
  • Listening to monologue
  • Listening and speaking skills in ESP
  • Speaking monologue
  • Writing skills in ESP
slide3
Reading skills in ESP

- Text as a Linguistic Object (TALO)

- Text as a Vehicle of Information (TAVI)

(Johns and Davies, 1983)

slide4
The reading component of ESP requires a balance between skills and language development:
  • Selecting what is relevant for the current purpose
  • Using all the features of the text such as headings, layout, typeface
  • Skimming for content and meaning
slide5
Scanning for specifics
  • Identifying organisational patterns
  • Understanding relations within a sentence and between sentences
  • Using cohesive and discourse markers
  • Predicting, inferring and guessing
slide6
Identifying main ideas, supporting ideas and examples
  • Processing and evaluating the information during reading
  • Transferring or using the information while or after reading

(Alderson, 1984)

slide7
Listening to monologue

Features of monologue:

  • Phonology
  • Speed of delivery
  • Real time processing
  • Note-taking in real time
  • Deducing the speaker’s attitude
  • The teaching of listening comprehension
slide8
Listening and speaking skills in ESP

Spoken Interaction in EAP and AOP:

- Active listening

- Questioning

- One to one spoken interactions

- Multi person spoken interactions

slide9
Speaking monologue

Key features of oral presentations

  • Structuring
  • Voice work
  • Advance signalling or signposts
slide10
Writing skills in ESP

Teaching writing:

a) The product approach

b) The process approach

c) The social-constructionist approach

d) A synthesis of approach

module 07

Module 07

The Skills

slide12
What’s Inside
  • Reading skills in ESP
  • Listening to monologue
  • Listening and speaking skills in ESP
  • Speaking monologue
  • Writing skills in ESP
slide13
Reading skills in ESP

Designing and teaching reading courses

  • Selecting texts
  • Using the information that has been gathered
  • Extracting and recoding information
slide14
Listening to monologue

Micro skills and language (Richards 1983):

  • Identify the purpose and scope of monologue
  • Identify the topic of lecture and follow topic development
  • Recognise the role of discourse maker
slide15
Recognize key lexical items related to subject/topic
  • Deduce meanings of words from context
  • Recognize function or intonation to signal information structure (ex. Pitch, volume, pace, key)
slide16
Listening and speaking skills in ESP

Teaching listening and speaking skills:

Speaking activities : provide a scenario for interaction whereas learners might find it helpful to consider first what the features of a successful interaction would be.

slide17
Listening Activities: (in EAP) note-taking and showing understanding by answering questions on the content

Showing understanding is achieved through the use of paraphrasing, summarising and questioning.

(listening): fill in the blanks, take notes and answer comprehension questions.

slide18
Speaking monologue

mostly teaching of oral presentations in EAP occurs in English-medium situations with some examples.

slide19
Writing skills in ESP

What is involved in writing:

- planning

- drafting

- revising