literature and ethics n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Literature and Ethics PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Literature and Ethics

Loading in 2 Seconds...

  share
play fullscreen
1 / 11

Literature and Ethics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

63 Views
Download Presentation
Literature and Ethics
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Literature and Ethics C344

  2. Role of Literature in the Paper • “Research becomes meaningful only when viewed in the context of the field’s developing knowledge.” • How can the contribution be judged outside of the current state of knowledge? • Citations serve to acknowledge others, direct readers to further information, and place research into the paradigm—either support, or showing a gap

  3. Role of Citation in the Introduction • Credibility—the author knows the field • Introduction for non-expert reader • Context of the current state of knowledge • Shows gaps in knowledge • What needs cited? Depends on assumptions about the audience • ASSUME A GENERALLY KNOWLEDGEABLE ORGANIC CHEMIST AUDIENCE

  4. Role of Citation in the Results/Discussion • Compare/contrast previous methods • Compare/contrast previous data • Validate experimental design and interpretations • What contribution(s) have been made to the field?

  5. Role of Citation in Experimental • Indicates whether or not molecule has been made before • How well does current characterization match previously reported data? • Allows for comparisons of procedure and percent yield

  6. Literature and Proposals • We won’t be proposing research based on literature, but here are some questions that can still be useful • What does the field know about the subject? • What studies have been done? • What methods have been used, and how useful were they? • What information is still needed? Writing in the Sciences, Penrose and Katz

  7. Finding Literature: Index • We will use SciFinder Scholar • Free web-based access for IUB students • Advantages of SciFinder • Comprehensive (CAS numbers) • Search on topic, author • SEARCH ON STRUCTURE! • Search reference lists (backwards) or citation lists (forwards)

  8. Citing Sources in the Text • Three major types • Name-year • Citation-sequence (most common for us) • Citation-name • Use of names • Direct citation—uses names in text when appropriate • Indirect citation—names only appear in references

  9. Format of References • DEPENDENT ON THE JOURNAL! • We will follow JOC, and use almost exclusively primary journals as our sources • Format: Last Name, Initial(s).; Last name, Initials. Journal Abb.Year, Volume,pages.

  10. Ethics • Academic Misconduct • Fabrication • Falsification • Plagiarism • Types of Plagiarism—Figure 3.4 in Writing in the Sciences • Direct plagiarism of words without quotes and citation • Mosaic—taking ideas and scattered words without credit • Paraphrase—restating ideas in own words without citation • Insufficient acknowledgment—unclear citation that does not allow reader to know what is original and what is borrowed

  11. Authorship • Academic Misbehavior rather than misconduct • Authorship means • Contribution • Responsibility • Acknowledgments • Where does proofreading come in?