Table of Contents What is an Elephant 3 Comparison 4 The Asian Elephant 5 The African Elephant 7 Old Elephants 9 Elephants Today 10 Glossary 11 About the Author 12
What is an Elephant An elephant can be found in Africa or Asia. They are called African and Asian elephants. The African elephant is the largest living land animal. You can tell an African elephant from a Asian elephant is by their ears and size. The African elephant is slightly bigger than the Asian and the ears on an African elephant look like Africa. The elephant on the cover page is an African elephant.
Comparison African Elephant Asian Elephant • Bigger • Ears shaped like Africa • Big tusks • Found in Africa • Smaller • Small/no tusks • Found in Asia
The Asian Elephant The Asian Elephant ( Elephas Maximus) is the smaller of the two. They have small tusks, that is if they have any at all. They are the largest living land animal in Asia. Since 1976, the Asian Elephant has been on the endangered list. Almost half were lost in the last three generations. They are rapidly losing their habitats. They can live in places such as grasslands, tropical evergreen forests, semi evergreen forests and thorny forests. This map shows where the Asian elephant lives.
The African Elephant The African elephant (Loxodonta) is the largest living land animal. It’s large ears help it lose heat in it’s body to prevent dehydration . The largest African elephant ever found was 13.1 feet to the shoulders and weighed 10 long tons, (11 short tons). Elephants have four molarseach weigh about 11 pounds. Their tusks are large, firm teeth that break out of holes in the side of their mouth. African elephants are extremely intelligent. They are the most intelligent species next to apes and certain dolphin species. This map shows where the African elephants live.
Old Elephants Did you know that woolly mammoths used to be part of the elephant family. Woolly mammoths were most famous during the ice age. The woolly mammoth is probably the most well knownprehistoricanimal besides the dinosaur. Woolly mammoths became extinctabout 6,000 years ago. So you don’t have to worry about them in your backyard!
Elephants Today Elephants were kept on display in places such as Ancient Egypt, China, Greece, and Rome. Now they are in circuses all across the world. The Birmingham Zoo is a great place to go and witness elephants yourself. Click here for Birmingham Zoo website Or Here for National Geographic
Glossary Africa (AF-rica) A country right below Europe. Asia (AZ-a) A country that shares a border with Europe. Dehydration (DE-hi-DRA-shun) Not getting enough water. Endangered (en-DANGE-erd) on the verge of extinction. Extinct (EX-tinct) There is no more left. Generation (GEN-er-ashun) A time of which the average person lives. Habitat (HAB-itat) A place of which an animal lives Molars (MO-LARS) A large tooth in the back of the mouth. Prehistoric (PRE-hist-orick) A long time ago.
Index African Elephant 3,4,7 Asian Elephant 3,4,5 Elephant basics 1 Links 10 Photographs 6,8 Tusks 7 Woolly Mammoths 9
About the Author I’m nine year old Eliot, a third grader that has a project to write about an animal. I chose the elephant. I live in Alabama. I go to Shades Mountain Elementary School. I go to extended day care. In fact, I’m typing this at extended day right now.