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Education for Sustainable development (ESD). - What is Sustainable Delopment (SD ) ? Exercise : - In six mixed groups discussion about SD: each group makes slogan/picture and we paste them at the wall. Content lecture.

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education for sustainable development esd

EducationforSustainabledevelopment (ESD)

-What is SustainableDelopment (SD)?


- In six mixed groupsdiscussionabout SD: eachgroupmakes slogan/picture and we paste them at the wall

content lecture
Content lecture
  • What is educationforsustainabledevelopement and why is itnecessary? .
  • How sustainableis your lifestyle? - Ecological or global footprint
  • What is Sustainabledevelopment? - definition
  • Threeaspects: three P’s
  • Educationfor SD
  • Four major thrusts
  • Is there hope????
what is education for sustainable development and why is it necessary
What is education for sustainable development and why is it necessary??
  • Have a discussion with your neigbour
  • The movie
questions for thinking during the movie
Questions for thinking during the movie:
  • What are the similarities and differences between your views and what is said in the movie
  • What is the problem and what is the challenge in the movie
  • What is or are the solution(s)
  • Is this a sustainable solution? Why?
  • Is it connected with your life?? How?
sustainable development
  • "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs"

World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987, p 43

ecological or global footprint what does it mean
Ecologicalorglobalfootprint: what does itmean?
  • Everyone needs to live, to eat and recreate: you need a little piece of the earth
  • The ecological footprint is a measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It represents the amount of biologically productive land and sea area necessary to supply the resources a human population consumes, and to assimilate associated waste. Using this assessment, it is possible to estimate how much of the Earth (or how many planet Earths) it would take to support humanity if everybody followed a given lifestyle.

How sustainable is your present life style? How much earth does your lifestyle require?

Complete the ecological footprint quiz and calculate the average of your national group for each category:

Carbon footprint, Food footprint, Housing footprint, Goods and services footprint.

You visited:


Take a look at the table of data all of your groups generated. What are the main trends you see? 

What does this mean in terms of how we live our lives and resulting impacts on the environment?

Which country needs the most space of the earth?

How can you reduce your footprint?

did you know that the ecological footprint in the u s is about
Did you know that the ecological footprint in the U.S. is about…

9.7 hectares per person, whereas the planet has a capacity of only 1.8 hectares per person?


Are our present lifestyles sustainable?

A. Yes

B. To some extent

C. Probably not

D. No

sustainable development1
  • "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs"

World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987, p 43

  • Sustainability refers to how well an ecosystem can ‘sustain’ itself (or carry out it’s ecological processes).
  • It can also refer to what people do:

When people use resources from an ecosystem without seriously affecting its health and biodiversity.

Finding a balance


What is sustainability?

What is social acceptability?


What is economic viability?

(Prosperity or profit)

What is environmental suitability?(Planet)

What is the balance?


What is sustainability?

For example: selecting a car

What is social acceptability?

What is economic viability?

What is environmental suitability?

Define these concepts as a group


Social acceptability(people)

- How safe is this car

-the circumstances in the car’s factory

-human rights

-cultural diversity

What is sustainability? Selecting a car

What is social acceptability?

What is economic viability?

What is environmental suitability?

Economic viability


-in which country is the car made

- Can you afford the car

-how was the car imported to your country

-who earns the profits

-which kind of energy: electricity or benzin or gas

-fair trade?

Environmental suitability


- Which pollutants are emitted into the environment

- How much carbon dioxide is emitted

- How noisy

-how big is the car

-how much space is needed for roads

-what kind of materials?

-recycling possible

Where is the balance?? What kind of a car is the most balanced between the three P’s? People/planet/Prosperity

the movie
The movie
  • Whichthree P’s youcan remark , and is there a balance?
  • How?
  • Remark the twodimensions: Placehereandthereand

-Time:nowand in the future


What is sustainability?

Producing chocolate

What is social acceptability?

What is economic viability?

What is environmental suitability?

As a group, define these concepts.

influences of mankind in ecosystems
Influences of mankind in ecosystems

Human disturbances have probably had the most drastic effects on succession in both forested and non-forested lands.:

For example

  • Pollution of water
  • Intensive Agriculture
  • Over grazing,
  • Land clearing and logging
  • Fragmentation may have greatly disturbed large scale ecosystem processes.
  • Other human caused disturbances include the introduction of non-native species, the elimination of species
  • Climate change. The effects of these and other human caused disturbances has had dramatic effects on ecosystems on both local and landscape scales, and as with global warming the effects on vegetation and secession will be seen across the world.
  • Population growth
  • Destroying woods
  • Removing specific organisms


Our pressures on the planet have increased with numbers

6.7 billion (2009)

4 billion (1975)

2 billion (1920)

1 billion (1800)

Source: UN Population Division 2004; Lee, 2003; Population Reference Bureau


Generating great wealth but paying a great price

$70 trillion in 2008

World GDP (trillion 1990 dollars)

$10 trillion in 1967

$1 trillion in 1900

  • Great wealth without FCC – Full Cost Accounting

Source: CIA World Fact Book


Biomass of Table Fish (tons per km2)

Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; Christensen et al. 2003

many paths to sd
Many Paths to SD

Which ones? How can we realize this? Do we have directly influence on these items?

  • Good legislation/governance
  • Economic incentives
  • Overcoming corruption
  • Environmental protection
  • Human rights/security
  • Infrastructure (roads to banking)
  • 40 issues identified in Agenda 21:
  • 1 such issue is education, public awareness and training
education for sd
Education for SD

In international groups : Have a discussion and give a short presentation

  • Why important?
  • Howyoucan do this: in schools/ in socialwork/ as a pedagogicalworker

-what do futureteachers to knowaboutsustainability

  • what do futureteachers/children have to do withsustainability
  • How do we have to live together
  • How are children/teachers to be
education is a key and vital element in moving sustainability forward report of the un sec general
“Education is a key and vital element in moving sustainability forward…”Report of the UN Sec. General
  • Agenda 21(Rio)
  • Millennium Goals
  • Earth Charter
  • UN Commission for

Sustainable Development

  • WSSD (Johannesburg)
  • UN Resolution- UN Decade of ESD (2005-2014)
the 4 major thrusts of esd agenda 21 92 unesco 96 uncsd 98 jpoi 2002
The 4 Major Thrusts of ESDAgenda 21 -92, UNESCO-96, UNCSD -98, JPOI-2002
  • 1 Public awareness/understanding
  • 2 Access to quality basic education
  • 3 Reorienting existing education
  • 4 Training programs for all sectors
1 raising the level of public awareness and understanding
1 - Raising the Level of Public Awareness and Understanding
  • Build public awareness
  • Informed citizenry – political support

& preparation for democratic change

  • Wise consumers
  • Raising the level of the discussion
  • Changing lifestyle where possible
2 facilitating development through improving quality education
2. Facilitating Development Through Improving Quality Education
  • 100 million children ages 6 to 11 never attend school in the developing countries
  • 90% of school aged are in developing/emerging nations
  • Millions more are “under- educated” in both the South and the North
3 rd thrust reorienting existing education
3rd Thrust: Reorienting Existing Education
  • Most educated nations = deepest ecological footprints
  • Equity at present standards means we need 2 more Earths !
  • Hard to find
why do we teach what we teach
Why do we teach what we teach ?
  • To preserve culture _____%
  • To prepare/train for work _____%
  • To care for environment _____%
  • To live a full, meaningful life _____%
  • To contribute to society _____%
  • To be creative and resourceful _____%
  • To live a religious life _____%
  • To live together in peace _____%
  • To be self-sufficient _____%

What is the vision for our schools ?

training the 4 th thrust
Training -the 4th thrust
  • Training for All
  • Training in ESD
  • Capacity building
  • Technology transfer
  • Implementing innovative practices
challenges and barriers
Challenges and Barriers
  • Recognition that education plays a crucial role
  • Linking ESD to existing education issues
  • Structuring ESD in the curriculum
  • Using the complexity of SD to develop critical thinking skills
  • Linking ESD to community issues
  • Engaging the traditional disciplines
  • Building human capacity
  • Developing resources
much is happening
Much is Happening
  • Sustainable schools
  • Education reform
  • School Administration training
  • Corporate training at all levels
  • Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
  • Public concern

Whether it is institution wide or at the level of an individual, we must plan ahead and collaborate to develop effective strategies.

teacher educators
  • Have broad influence
    • Educate next generation of teachers.
    • Sit on national curriculum committees.
    • Write textbooks for elementary & secondary.
    • Invited to give advice to ministries.
    • Speak at conferences.
    • Publish.
    • At local, regional, and national levels.
the need for hope
The Need for Hope

Speak of solutions

Our ability to change/survive etc

Age appropriate

Education verses indoctrination

Ministry guidelines


Our need to learn by acting and experimenting now before the worlds poor suffer unbearably!

We will change – but when and how!

workshop deirdre and mirjam
Workshop Deirdre and Mirjam

Fresh strawberries

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  • Articial pesticides and chemical
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workshop deirdre and mirjam1
Workshop Deirdre and Mirjam