slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Pamukkale PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Pamukkale

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

Pamukkale - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 221 Views
  • Uploaded on

Pamukkale. Pamukkale is located in the Inner Aegean region at a distance of 20 km from the town of Denizli in Turkey . Pamukkale (Hierapolis) translates to Cotton Castle.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Pamukkale' - minty


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Pamukkale

Pamukkale is located in the Inner Aegean region at a distance of 20 km from the town of Denizli in Turkey.

slide2

Pamukkale (Hierapolis) translates to Cotton Castle.

The great attraction is the white immensity of the cliff with sculptured basins full of water and congealed waterfalls; they seem done of snow, cloud, cotton.

slide3

On approaching Pamukkale, the first thing you will see is a rock platform over 100 m in height rising up from the plain.

The slopes of this hill, which look from a distance like a great white speck, are covered with large numbers of pools and terraces.

As you come nearer, you will begin to see this natural phenomenon, which resembles a frozen waterfall, in greater detail.

slide4

The scientific explanation is the hot thermal places that lie under the mount provoke the calcium carbonate spill, that makes the forms as solid as Travertino marble.

slide5

The temperature of the water forming the travertines, which issues from the hot springs on the hills above, falls to around 33°C lower down.

slide6

Although the water flowing from the hot springs on the southern slopes of Çaldað rapidly loses heat during its flow through the open channels, it is still hot enough to make it possible for one to bathe (throughout six months of the year) in the open-air swimming pools and on the terraces.

slide8

On emerging to the surface, the solution of calcium-carbonate in the spring water decomposes into carbon dioxide, calcium carbonate and water.

The carbon dioxide is released into the air while the calcium carbonate separates off from the water to form a grayish-white limestone sediment.

slide9

The beds of the water-courses are filled up with these limestone deposits and the water, confronted with these obstacles, splits up into several branches.

slide10

The water flows over the slopes into pools, the small basins surrounding them and finally into the fields below.

It is in this way that these terraces over 100 m in height composed of layers of the accumulated limestone sediment have been gradually formed in the course of the ages.

slide11

As the limestone sediment reaches a certain level the water accumulates in pools and, as these pools fill up, overflows into smaller pools in the vicinity and from these flows into the small hollows and depressions around them.

slide12

The limestone layers in the pools rise up in steps, one above the other, and the continual flow of water keeps this process in operation.

The stalactites form one of the most important features in the landscape.

slide13

With the formation of the layers and the emergence of steps and terraces one above the other, the water leaves the limestone deposit behind it and drips down in the form of stalactites, as in the Damlataþ caverns.

slide14

The calcium oxide in the water adds to the thickness of the white layers and widens the terraces, producing pools in fantastic shapes reminiscent of oyster shells or flower petals, while the small amount of sulphur and iron oxide produces stripes of yellow, red and green over the white of the limestone.

slide15

As much the cascades of calcium carbonate as the water change color in accordance with changes of the solar light that illuminates them, and the effect is surprising.

slide19

The continuous dynamics of the erosion and the transformation of the natural landscape result in an unusual environment.