Chemistry, The Central Science , 10th edition Theodore L. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay, Jr.; and Bruce E. Bursten. Chapter 25 Organic and Biological Chemistry. John D. Bookstaver St. Charles Community College St. Peters, MO 2006, Prentice Hall, Inc. Modified by Jill McDannold. Organic Chemistry.
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(contain a benzene ring)
…so more often condensed formulas are used.
Have same molecular formulas, but atoms are bonded in different order.
Boiling and melting points vary but molar mass is the same.
If there is more than one type of substituent in the molecule, list them alphabetically.
This creates geometric isomers, which differ from each other in the spatial arrangement of groups about the double bond.
Structure also affects physical properties of alkenes.
Many aromatic hydrocarbons are known by their common names.
Term used to refer to parts of organic molecules where reactions tend to occur.
At least one hydrogen attached to carbonyl carbon.
Two carbons bonded to carbonyl carbon.
Formed by reaction of carboxylic acids with amines.