Increasing production of chickpea & pigeonpea through Intensive application of Integrated Pest Management 2010-12 Accelerated Pulses Production Programme O P Sharma National Centre for Integrated Pest Management LBS Building, IARI Campus, New Delhi-110012
Operational areas and activities (units) for 2010-12 1 unit = 1000ha
Critical Components of IPM Microbial bio-inoculants/pesticides Inputs supplied to beneficiaries (participating farmers) under A3P
Methodology of e- Pest Surveillance • Survey conducted 4 days in a week : 3 days for fixed survey and 1 day for rapid roving • Fixed survey in 34 villages (Two spots / village ) – 3 days a week • Random survey in the whole district 40 spots / day • Information pooled on Friday and recommendations given on Saturday (over phone & SMS) as alert for pest management action
e - National Pest Reporting and Alert System http://www.ncipm.org.in/A3P/UI/HOME/Login.aspx
Tracking report Scout survey information data entry
Temporal report (Tabular format) Current Pest report Nanded (MS) Gulbarga (Karnataka)
Advisory (Options in : English, Hindi, Marathi, Telugu, Kannada) 2132 SMS till date
Benefits of e-Pest Surveillance • Timely detection and initiation of preventive and curative (localized) management practices for key pests • SMS alerts and learning by experience (FFS), farmers were able to experience themselves with pests and their natural enemies during crop period • Less spray & correct chemical pesticide compatible with naturally occurring defenders (predators & parasitoids) has resulted in their conservation • Contributed to increase in yield by preventing losses caused by pests.
Podborer incidence Parbhani No / plant Nanded
No / plant Osmanabad Incidence of diseases was very less due to large scale adoption of BSMR varieties
Andhra Pradesh No / plant Insect pest scenario Met week (Nov) Diseases
No / plant Hamirpur Banda
Chhindwara No / plant
Status of Helicoverpa eggs at different stages of crop (2010) Pest scenario analysis ………………
Status of other pests (2010) Maruca Pod bug Pod fly
Status of beneficial and eco-friendly pesticides New molecules Indoxacarb, Spinosad, Emamectin benzoate, flubendiamide, Rynaxypyr Bio-pesticides Trichoderma, Neemand HaNPV
Emerging pests …………………… Maruca Excessive rain led to higher incidence of leaf roller & Marucawebber Leaf roller
Excessive rain led to Cercospora disease ….. Leading to flower drops (up to 50% in extreme cases) Farmers were advised to spray carbadenzim 2% Flower drops due to foggy mornings ……… advised to spray NAA and irrigate.
Pod damage Seed damage Damaged pod with live larvae Powdery mildew affected leaves Damaged pod with NPV affected larvae
Blank patches due to mortality of plant by Phytophthora blight SMD infected plants Symptoms of infected plant with Phytophthora drechsleri fsp. cajani
Capacity Building Technical Assistant (Nos) under A3P About the crop, Hollistic crop care, Key pests of pigeonpea and their management with the use of e-Pest Surveillance
Empowerment of Farmers under A3P • Hollistic crop care • Identification of key pests of pigeonpea and chickpea • Differentiation between friendly and foe insect • Crop monitoring methods (weekly monitoring & pheromone traps) • Correct timing and method of spray based on SMS received through e-Pest Surveillance system • Timely application of pesticides for pest management • Safe use of pesticides
Farmers empowerment Seed treatment with PSB + Rhizobium Seed treatment with Trichoderma
Educational and extension materials Educational material in Hindi, Telugu & Marathi in under preparation
Achievement at national level • Build up confidence among farmers about working/benefits of bio-pesticides through village level demonstrations • Minimizing losses through timely interventions, preventive and curative (localized) practices led to increase in yield (viz., 15.09-17.89 % increase in Gulbarga) • 1st time large area (20000 ha) of pigeonpea has been covered under “Area wide Pest Management”.
Lessons learnt • Prioritization of interventions including plant protection to mitigate effect of changing climatic conditions • Changing pattern of pest occurrence e.g., Maruca, podbug, foliar and root diseases in MP, MS, Karnataka and AP. • Reaction of different pesticides in targeted states under A3P and large scale performance of new green pesticides
Future programme • Finetuning of the programme based on feedback and experiences of 2010. • Development of “Timelines” and strengthening of co-operation with State Agri Deptt. • Strengthening of “e-Pest Surveillance ….” programme with participation of willing State Governments (e.g., Maharashtra, Orissa ……). • Devising & mapping of hot spot areas, wherein minor pests are becoming major in view of changing agricultural practices / climatic conditions.