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Sahyog Clinic. DRUGS OR YOUR LIFE MAKE THE RIGHT CHOICE. Addiction as a disease. This popular model of addiction is credited to E.M. Jellinek who presented a comprehensive disease model of alcoholism in 1960. (host). (agent). Genetic Predisposition. Behavioural Factors. Environment.

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Sahyog Clinic

DRUGS OR YOUR LIFEMAKE THE RIGHT CHOICE


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Addiction as a disease

This popular model of addiction is credited to E.M. Jellinek who presented a comprehensive disease model of alcoholism in 1960


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(host)

(agent)

Genetic

Predisposition

Behavioural

Factors

Environment


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Addiction

  • A chronic disorder

  • Compulsive use of a substance resulting in physical, psychological or social harm to the user

  • Continuing the use despite the harm


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Characteristics of the Disease of Addiction

PRIMARY

NO FAULT

MULTI FACETED

PROGRESSIVE

INCURABLE


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Stages of Addiction

USE

MISUSE

ABUSE


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Types of Dependency

  • Psychological Dependency

  • Physiological Dependency


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Symptoms of Addiction

  • Tolerance

  • Withdrawal

  • Dependence


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Addictive Chemicals

  • Tobacco: cigarette, guthka,

  • Alcohol

  • Cannabis: Bhang, Charas, Ganja

  • Opiates: Raw opium, Heroin, morphine, B Sugar

  • Depressants: Barbiturates, Valium, Alprax etc

  • Stimulants: Amphetamines, Cocaine

  • Hallucinogens: LSD, PCP

  • Solvents: ink whitener, nail polish remover, petroleum derivatives

  • Miscellaneous: snake bite, iodex


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Community Environment

POVERTY & UNEMPLOYMENT

GOAL STRESS & PEER PRESSURE



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Family Environment

  • Parents using drugs/alcohol

  • Parents don’t have time for children

  • High levels of family stress, including financial strain


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Vulnerability of (You)th

  • Aggressiveness / shyness

  • Decreased social inhibition

  • Emotional problems

  • Inability to express feelings appropriately

  • Hypersensitivity


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(YOU)TH Problems

(Risk factors)

  • School failure and dropout

  • Delinquency

  • Gateway /other drug use

  • Early risky sex – STI/HIV

  • Teen pregnancy

  • Employment issues

  • Mental health problems



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Tell tale signs

  • Sudden unexplained Mood Swings

  • Isolation

  • Change in friends

  • Discovering paraphernalia

  • Watery / droopy eyes, runny nose etc.

  • Loss of articles or money

  • Unexplained expenditure

  • Weight / appetite loss

  • Irregular sleeping patterns

  • Too much time spent alone


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The Sahyog Model

  • The Sahyog model is holistic in nature with intervention focused on the client and family. We accept the “Disease of Addiction” as a primary disease. At Sahyog Clinic we treat the disease through a residential programme.

  • The twelve steps of Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous and other life skill training helps clients recognize and resolve personal barriers.