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Diet - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Diet. Learning objectives. To learn the importance of the 7 key food groups; To appreciate the importance of a balanced diet; To understand the concept of deficiency diseases and eating disorders; To research information on nutrition and use guideline values provided;

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Presentation Transcript
learning objectives
Learning objectives
  • To learn the importance of the 7 key food groups;
  • To appreciate the importance of a balanced diet;
  • To understand the concept of deficiency diseases and eating disorders;
  • To research information on nutrition and use guideline values provided;
  • To prepare for the dietary analysis part of the Health Plan
balanced diet
Balanced diet
  • What does this mean?
  • Why do we need food?
7 food groups
7 Food groups
  • What are they?
nutrition problems
Nutrition Problems
  • What is malnutrition?
  • What is meant by deficiency diseases?
  • What are the problems of:
  • Overeating?
  • Undereating?
  • What is an intolerance?
  • What is an allergy?
  • What is an eating disorder?
vitamins
Vitamins
  • Chemicals with specific functions
digestion
Digestion
  • Why must we digest our food?
  • Where does it take place?
  • Which other organs are involved?
  • Which chemicals are involved?
terms
Terms
  • Calories(in fact kilocalories)/kilojoules.
  • Measures of available energy content of food. 1 Kcal = 4.2 K j
  • Daily calorie needs calculated from BMR (basal metabolic rate)
  • RDA Recommended Daily Allowance (for things that aren’t too good for you)
  • DRV Dietary reference values estimates of amounts of each food group needed by different groups of people
slide11
DRVs
  • RNI Reference Nutrient Intakes – used for proteins vitamins and minerals to show how much most people need.
  • EAR Estimated average requirement is used most for energy
  • LRNIs Lower Reference Nutrient intakes below which are certainly not enough for most people.
  • Table of RNIs for vitamins and minerals uploaded to blackboard. Use them for informing your dietary analysis.
health plan related work
Health plan related work
  • Dietary analysis
  • Keep a dietary record for three days
  • Record all food you consume including snacks
  • Record calories and other nutrition information directly from packet
  • Or weigh food consumed and try to list ingredients and proportions in home prepared meals.
  • Try to avoid eating out as this makes it more difficult.
  • Look up calories/kilojoules for foods on the internet, where you don’t have information.
  • Remember to take into account weight and calories.
  • With this information we will proceed in class.
  • Record sheet on blackboard – print out at least 3
example calculation
Example calculation
  • Breakfast 100g granola (25g = 125 Kc)
  • 50g (1/2 serving) milk semi-skimmed (1 serving 150 Kc)
  • 1 banana (105 calories)
  • Granola = 125 x 4 = 500Kc
  • Milk = 150/2 = 75 Kc
  • Banana = 105
  • Total = 680Kcalories
eating disorders
Eating disorders
  • What are they?
why do eating disorders happen
Why do eating disorders happen?
  • Triggered by poor eating habits
  • Possibly linked to poor self-esteem
  • Harder to treat in abuse victims
  • Links to autistic spectrum
  • Links to dieting
  • Links to pressure from society
  • Commonest in wealthy white people
  • Anorexia 10x commoner in girls
team work presentations
Team work presentations
  • Topics Overeating, Anorexia, Bulimia, Vigorexia, Fussy eating.
  • Each team must produce a power point or play or other way in which they communicate the key issues surrounding their topic of research.
  • Explain
  • what it means,
  • what is thought to cause it,
  • health issues resulting from it and
  • how it can be managed.
rubric for eating disorders presentation
Rubric for eating disorders presentation
  • Information
  • Must be correct and include:
  • Symptoms
  • Possible outcomes for a person’s health
  • Available treatment options
  • Role of supporting people, i.e. health care professionals and family and friends
  • Reasons why person may have developed the problem.
  • Possible 10
  • Presentation
  • Marks will be awarded for:
  • Clarity of slides
  • Clarity of verbal explanation
  • Ability to answer questions
  • Sensitivity
  • Correct English (slides must be spell and grammar checked)
  • Imaginative, skillful or innovative presentational devices that engage the audience.
  • Possible 10