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Chapter 22 Industrialization. 22.4 Living and Working Condition. Assignment . With your group you will prepare a short powerpoint presentation on the assigned economist or philosopher. You will have today and tomorrow to work on your presentation

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chapter 22 industrialization

Chapter 22 Industrialization

22.4 Living and Working Condition

assignment
Assignment
  • With your group you will prepare a short powerpoint presentation on the assigned economist or philosopher.
  • You will have today and tomorrow to work on your presentation
  • Use your books and the internet to create your presentation
  • As the other groups present please fill in the economist and philosopher chart on Thursday
i economic theories
I. Economic Theories
  • Mercantilism- fixed amount of wealth in world
  • Law of Economics

1. Adam Smith

  • Malthus and Ricardo
  • Laissez-faire
    • No government in the operations of business
    • “let it be” or “leave things alone”
ii reformers arise
II. Reformers Arise
  • Humanitarians- people who work to improve the conditions of others
    • Famous writers made the public aware of the working conditions

a. Charles Dickens

  • Reformers
    • Jeremy Bentham
    • John Stuart Mill
iii early reform laws
III. Early Reform Laws
  • Factory Act of 1802
    • Shortened hrs and improved condition for children
    • Not enforced
  • Factory Act of 1833
    • No children under 9
    • Between 9-13 no more than 8 hrs a day 6 days a week
    • Older no more than 12 hrs
  • Ten Hours Act in 1847
discussion questions
Discussion Questions
  • What motivated humanitarians to try to reform the workplace?
  • Does anyone have any suggestions for reform of specific current working conditions?
iv collective action
IV. Collective Action
  • Strikes
  • Unions- workers organized into associations
    • Collect dues
    • Illegal- Combination Acts of 1799-1800
    • Legalized in 1870’s
    • Collective bargaining- negotiations were agreement were written into contracts lasting a fixed period of time
big question
Big Question
  • Are unions as necessary today as they were during the Industrial Revolution?