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Areas of interventions in National Nutrition Services (NNS). By Dr Mustafiz Rahman PPC, MoHFW Training on Assessment of Nutritional Status 18-22 December 2011 Date : 18 December 2011, Venue: FPMU Meeting Room.

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Areas of interventions in national nutrition services nns

Areas of interventions in National Nutrition Services (NNS)

By

Dr Mustafiz Rahman PPC, MoHFW

Training on Assessment of Nutritional Status 18-22 December 2011

Date : 18 December 2011,

Venue: FPMU Meeting Room

The Training is organized by the National National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme (NFPCSP) . The NFPCSP is jointly implemented by the Food Planning and Monitoring Unit (FPMU), Ministry of Food and Disaster Management and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) with the financial support of the EU and USAID.


Nutrition under mohfw
Nutrition under MOHFW

  • Due to it's multidisciplinary character nutrition is related with 13 different ministries.

  • MOHFW is one of the important ministry which can address this problem up to certain level

  • This issue incorporated in to constitution in 1972

  • Institute of Public Health Nutrition (IPHN) established in 1972


Topics of my presentation
Topics of my presentation

  • Areas of interventions in National Nutrition Services (NNS)

  • Scaling up proven direct and Indirect nutrition interventions


Major public health nutrition problem
Major public health Nutrition problem :

  • Stunting

  • Under weight

  • wasting

  • Protein Energy Malnutrition

  • Iron deficiency Anemia, Iodine deficiency disorders

  • Vitamin A deficiency, zinc deficiency etc.

  • Low Birth Weight

  • Over nutrition & its complications (diet related

    Non- communicable Diseases-NCD)


Areas of interventions in national nutrition services nns

Adolescent Girls

13-19 yrs

Children

Under Two

Services

Through

Life-cycle

In BINP/NNP

Newly Wed

Women

Lactating

Mothers

Pregnant

Women

NNS would follow life-cycle approach in community service


Areas of interventions in national nutrition services nns

Lactating

Women

Forums

Under 2

Children

  • Adolescent boys

  • Mother in law

  • Father in law

  • Husband of newly and pregnant women

  • Post-partum Care

  • Vitamin A

  • iron folate

  • Referral

  • Growth Monitoring

  • Care for LBW

  • FoodSupplementtionVitamin A

  • Referral

Household Survey

followed by update

Home visit

  • Food Security Components

  • Nutrition Garden

    • Poultry for Nutrition

    • VGD-NNP Collaboration

Services perform by a CNP at CNC

BCC

Training

Adolescent

Girls/boys

Newly wed

Couple

Pregnant

Women

  • Monthly Forum

  • Nutrition Assessment

  • IronFolate

  • De-worming

  • Weight promotion

  • IGA, Fruits tree plantation

  • Nutrition

  • Assessment

  • Counseling

  • IronFolate

  • Weight Monitoring

  • Iron Folate

  • Antenatal care

  • Iron Folate

  • Food supplementation

  • Counseling

  • Referral



Multi sectoral issues
Multi sectoral issues Matrix

Due to multisectoralissues many ministries would contribute to overcome these issues are important:

  • Food security at HH level

  • Food safety

  • Food quality

  • Balance diet

  • Healthy diet

  • Diet culture

  • Knowledge about nutrition

  • Prevention ,control and management of malnutrition ( NNS-OP, MOHFW)


Intervention so far under mohfw
Intervention so far under MOHFW Matrix

  • Through IPHN since 1974

  • Through IPHN & BINP (59 Uz): 1996-2001

  • Through IPHN & NNP(167Uz) : 2001-2011


What next in mohfw
What next in MOHFW ? Matrix

  • National Nutrition Services (NNS) to mainstream the nutrition issue in all regular service delivery points of DGHS & DGFP

  • GO-NGO model would be in practice to ensure nutrition service in urban slum, haor- baor -char, hard to reach, underserved and where Community Clinic (CC) is not available

  • Inter-sectoral collaboration/coordinated collaboration among all stakeholders


General objective
General Objective Matrix

The overall objective of NNS OP is to reduce the prevalence of malnutrition particularly among children and women and also achieve sustainable improvements in the nutritional status ofthe population of Bangladesh.


Areas of interventions in national nutrition services nns

  • To implement a mainstreamed, comprehensive package of nutrition services to reduce maternal and child nutrition and ensure universal access

  • To develop and strengthen coordination mechanisms with key sectors (especially Ministry of Food and Disaster Management, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development and Cooperatives) to ensure a multi-sectoral response to malnutrition


Areas of interventions in national nutrition services nns
Cont. nutrition services to reduce maternal and child nutrition and ensure universal access

3. To strengthen the human resource capacity to manage, supervise and deliver nutrition services at the different levels of the health system

4. To strengthen nutrition information systems and operations research to ensure an evidence-based response.


Component of op
Component of OP nutrition services to reduce maternal and child nutrition and ensure universal access

  • Behavioural Change and Communication to Promote Good Nutritional Practices

  • Institutional capacity building

  • Human resource development (HRD)/ Training/Capacity Building

  • Food security, quality & food safety

  • Management of severe acute malnutrition (facility and community)


Areas of interventions in national nutrition services nns
Cont. nutrition services to reduce maternal and child nutrition and ensure universal access

  • Monitoring and Evaluation / Nutrition Surveillance

  • Mainstreaming Gender into Nutrition Program

  • Nutrition during Emergencies & climate change

  • Community Based Nutrition (CBN) as selected area (urban, hard to reach)

  • Coordination of Nutrition Activities across Different Sectors


Areas of interventions in national nutrition services nns
Cont. nutrition services to reduce maternal and child nutrition and ensure universal access

  • Procurement of equipments, micronutrients, and deworming tablets etc.

  • School Nutritional education Program


Service delivery
Service delivery nutrition services to reduce maternal and child nutrition and ensure universal access

  • Growth Monitoring and Promotion (GMP)

  • Protection, Promotion and support of Breastfeeding/ Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF)

  • Vitamin A supplementation of children 6-59 months & lactating mother

  • Iron-folic acid supplementation for pregnant women

  • Iron Supplementation and Deworming of Adolescent Girls

  • Iodine deficiency disorder & Salt Iodization

  • Zinc Supplementation during treatment of diarrhea


Cross cutting issues
Cross –cutting issues nutrition services to reduce maternal and child nutrition and ensure universal access

Given the nature of this , this OP is highly dependent with other Ministry activities which are articulated in the Action Plan of the Strategic Document.

  • Effective Integration of priority nutrition Interventions in the field level at all service delivery points of DGHS and DGFP. OP-1,2,3,9.18,20

  • Strengthening HR resources necessary for provision of nutrition services. OP-11, 12, 29, 25

  • Establish effective facility and pop based nut surveillance. OP-1,2,3,14, 22, 6

  • Providing nutrition education OP-15, 23, 2,3

  • Strengthening sectoral collaboration regarding nutrition and food safety. MODM, Food Div, MOFLS, MOWCA, MOI and other.


Indicator
Indicator nutrition services to reduce maternal and child nutrition and ensure universal access

  • Prevalence of night blindness among <5

  • % of children 6-59 m receiving Vit-A

  • % of vit-A supplementation in postpartum women

  • Rate of EBF in infants under <6 months

  • % of children 6-23 months fed with all infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF ) practices

  • Prevalence of iodine deficiency


Areas of interventions in national nutrition services nns
Cont. nutrition services to reduce maternal and child nutrition and ensure universal access

7. Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women

8. Prevalence of anemia among children 6-59m

9. # of MOs trained in nutrition services delivery

10. # of CC workers trained in nutrition services delivery

11. % of UHCs having a functional Nutrition Corner established


Budget for the following activities
Budget for the following activities nutrition services to reduce maternal and child nutrition and ensure universal access

  • Behavior Change Communication (BCC)

  • Human resource development (HRD)

  • Control of Vitamin-A deficiency disorder

  • Control & prevention of Anemia

  • Control of Iodine deficiency Disorders

  • Other Micronutrient problems of Public Health importance ( zinc, vitamin ‘D,’ calcium etc.)

  • Community & facility based management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM)

  • Institutional Capacity Development


Areas of interventions in national nutrition services nns
Cont. nutrition services to reduce maternal and child nutrition and ensure universal access

9. Protection, Promotion & Support of Breastfeeding/ Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) including BFHI & BMS Code

10. Food fortification (Salt Iodization, fortification of oil/other food with Vitamin ‘A’, iron etc.)

11. School Nutritional education Program

12. Food security, Quality and Food Safety

13. Monitoring, Evaluation, Operations Research, Survey


Areas of interventions in national nutrition services nns
Cont. nutrition services to reduce maternal and child nutrition and ensure universal access

14. Nutrition Surveillance Program

15. Establishment of nutrition unit (NU) and strengthening of existing NU

16. Community based Nutrition (CBN) ) as selected area

17. Multisectral Collaboration


Areas of interventions in national nutrition services nns

Thanks nutrition services to reduce maternal and child nutrition and ensure universal access