Synthetic Training and Flight Safety IHST Regional Conference12-13 June 2006 …CAE contributing to Flight Safety worldwide
World Class LeadershipHelicopter Flight Simulation CAE’s Helicopter Simulation Expertise • Over 50 simulators (20 types) • VIP, Utility, Civil, Military • Leader in development of training services • CAE has been a key player in development of the helicopter standards • FAA AC-120-63 • JAA JAR STND 1H, 2H, 3H • RAeS IWG – harmonisation between FAA & JAA
Accident Causes “What is the cause of most aviation accidents: Usually it is because someone does too much too soon, followed very quickly by too little too late”. Steve Wilson, NTSB investigator, Oshkosh, WI , August, 1996.
Risks to flight safety The Flight Environment • Aircraft emergencies • Weather, geography, other aircraft • Inexperience • High stress • Mission capability • Crew attitude and morale
Why is training so important to Flight Safety? Good training provides: • Aircraft system knowledge (aircraft emergencies) • Situational awareness (environment-weather, geography) • Improved standards (inexperience) • Effective CRM-Crew Resource Management (high-stress environment) • Enhanced performance (mission capability) • Confidence from population/customer (attitude and morale)
Types of training Real Aircraft Training Simulator Training Classroom Training/CBT
Flight Safety awareness is integral to all elements of Aviation Training Flight Safety is Paramount
Training media A full range of flight simulation products produce competent, proficient, mission-ready aircrews. Full mission simulators Common simulation software, environment, database and scalable visual solution Operational Flight Trainers Reconfigurable, deployable trainers FTDs/ CPTs Part task trainers Conduct training on appropriate level device for the task Utilise common environment across devices Integrated Procedures Trainers Desktop trainers
Flight Navigation Procedure Trainer • FNPT I • No visual • No left hand controls • FNPT II • Enclosure behind instructor • Observer seat • 150ox40o visual FoV • FNPT III • 150ox60o visual FoV Not Type Specific 00374I22.JML
Synthetic Training Advantages • Reduces real aircraft training • Cost-effective • Allows conduct of high-risk training • Reduces training risk in real aircraft • Allows conduct of actual mission profiles • Training is more efficient and thorough • Standards more easily controlled
Simulator Scenarios Typical helicopter training requirements (FAA/JAA standards): • Conversion training • 50 hours GS ; 14 hours simulator • Recurrent • 25 hours GS; 6 hours simulator • Emergencies training • Operational Mission training • Reconstruction of actual accident events
Types of “Mission” Training • Search and Rescue • EMS • Airlift Transport • Offshore • Police • NVG • Reconnaissance / Scout Course • Mountain Terrain • Confined Area operations All levels of training for Conversion to type, Recurrent and Mission
Helicopter Training Center • Increase crew safety in training and operations • Provide higher fidelity of training devices through shared resources • Provide integrated training service and curriculum • Allow multiple crew training through networked devices • Ensure “mission” training capabilities across range of users • Accelerate delivery of training services • Contractor guarantees quality of service and availability • Future enhancements in Modeling and Simulation (M & S) • Obsolescence covered by contractor
Helicopter Training Center • Provision of Integrated training solution • FMS’s (Ro/Ro to address multiple airframes) • Reconfigurable cockpits • Flight Navigation Procedures Trainers • Simfinity Integrated Procedures Trainers (IPT’s) • Networked devices to allow for team training • Computer Aided Training System (CATS) • Maintenance Trainers • Instructors • Distributed training • Potential to develop training center in partnership with private enterprise (Public Private Partnership) • Types of helicopters : ALH / B412 / Dauphin • Type of devices to be determined based on training requirements and business case
Questions to resolve • Objective of training • Procedural / specific / mission • Types of helicopter training devices required in-country • FNPT Level (II/III) • Integrated Procedures Trainers / CPT’s • FFS (type specific) • Reconfigurable / Roll –on / Roll-off • CAE experts can assist in defining the right mix of devices
Summary CAE is committed to developing well trained pilots to meet the safety and operational requirements for civil and military operations.
Training – the biggest contributor to accident prevention “For they had learned that true safety was to be found in long previous training, and not in eloquent exhortations uttered when they were going into action”. Thucydides,'The History of the Peloponnesian War,' circa 404 BC.