slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
All Hazards Planning PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
All Hazards Planning

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 27

All Hazards Planning - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 108 Views
  • Uploaded on

All Hazards Planning. Edward P. Richards Director, Program in Law, Science, and Public Health Harvey A. Peltier Professor of Law LSU Law Center richards@lsu.edu http://biotech.law.lsu.edu/cphl/Talks.htm. Topics. What is an All Hazards plan? What are the elements of an All Hazards plan?

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'All Hazards Planning' - mimir


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
all hazards planning

All Hazards Planning

Edward P. Richards

Director, Program in Law, Science, and Public Health

Harvey A. Peltier Professor of Law

LSU Law Center

richards@lsu.edu

http://biotech.law.lsu.edu/cphl/Talks.htm

topics
Topics
  • What is an All Hazards plan?
  • What are the elements of an All Hazards plan?
  • Why is All Hazards planning necessary?
  • Examples
    • Preparing for bird flu
    • Evacuation of New Orleans for Katrina
episode based plans plans to plan
Episode-based PlansPlans to Plan
  • Episode-based plans
    • Bird flu plans
    • Anthrax plans
    • Bomb plans
  • Plans to plan
    • What you need to think about, not what you need to do
    • No operational detail
what is an all hazards plan
What is an All Hazards Plan?
  • A unified plan that, as much as possible, uses common strategies for emergency response
  • Emergency response is built on day-to-day procedures and resources
  • All Hazards plans are operational plans
    • They tell you what to do, not just what to plan
  • The public is fully informed and an integral part of the emergency response
elements of an all hazards plan
Elements of an All Hazards Plan
  • Analysis of common factors in the different types of emergencies
  • Relation of these common factors to routine procedures
  • Modification of existing procedures to incorporate elements that will be needed in emergencies
  • Public information and education
example

Example

Transforming a Bird Flu Plan into an All Hazards Plan

episode planning bird flu
Episode Planning: Bird Flu
  • Plans for emergency quarantine
  • Plans for ethical guidelines on vaccine allocation
  • Plans for stockpiles of PPE
  • Plans to work with public health, including an MOU that says we will play nicely
  • Plans for how to plan to handle the SNS
  • Maybe some training on how to put on a mask
all hazard planning bird flu
All Hazard Planning: Bird Flu
  • What are core problems?
    • Protecting staff from infection
    • Assuring adequate staff for operations
  • What are related issues?
    • Yearly flu pandemic
    • Exposure to tuberculosis and other communicable diseases in the workplace
all hazards recommendations vaccinations
All Hazards Recommendations:Vaccinations
  • Assure vaccination status of employees
    • Mumps, measles, etc, which can disable a force
    • Yearly flu
  • Benefits
    • Reduction in lost time from work
    • Readiness if there is an outbreak
    • Resolves individual and union opposition to vaccination before there is an emergency
all hazards recommendations working sick
All Hazards Recommendations:Working Sick
  • US culture and especially law enforcement encourages people to work sick
    • Limits on sick days
    • Rules that you cannot be on special teams
    • Increases the spread of diseases such as the flu in the workplace
  • Set up criteria for exclusion of contagious workers
  • Change work rules to eliminate punishment for being excluded so employees will not hide illness
all hazards recommendations personal protection
All Hazards Recommendations:Personal Protection
  • Key personal protection
    • hand washing
    • behavior limitations - handshaking, etc.
    • goggles, masks
  • Recommendations
    • Train and equip all officers
    • Use these for regular flu and other possible disease exposures
    • Make behavioral modifications so these become routine
all hazards recommendations public information
All Hazards Recommendations:Public Information
  • There maybe a need to limit travel or impose home quarantine
  • The public should be educated about all aspects of these possible limitations
    • What is their role?
    • Why is it important?
    • How will essential services be provided?
    • How will you assure families will not be separated?
  • This will identify problematic areas and reduce confusion in an emergency
all hazards planning generalization
All Hazards Planning:Generalization
  • Staffing in emergencies
    • Any emergency that threatens the general public will threaten the employees families
    • You have to provide for the families if you want staff to show up
  • Develop a general plan for family issues
evaluation episode based planning
Evaluation: Episode Based Planning
  • Episode based plans are invisible until there is an emergency
    • These are very low probability events
    • The only testing is by artificial exercises
  • Quality control theory (Demings, etc.)
    • You can only achieve quality through iterative improvement based on data analysis and feedback
    • This is impossible with an episode based plan
evaluation all hazards planning
Evaluation: All Hazards Planning
  • All Hazards planning does fit the criteria for proper quality control
    • Elements of the plan are in operation at all times
    • This provides intermediate data, i.e., things to measure short of a disaster happening
  • Improves routine operations
    • There is almost no data on communicable diseases in the law enforcement workplace
assumptions behind all hazards planning
Assumptions Behind All Hazards Planning
  • Equipment and materiel that is not routinely exercised will not be maintained and will not function when needed
  • Emergencies are the worst time to change procedures
  • Public cooperation depends on pre-event education and buy-in
political reality
Political Reality
  • The public (legislatures) have a short attention span and will not support emergency response once they move on to the next crisis de jure
  • Reality Check:
    • 23 states, including most of the most populous, have done away with mandatory childhood vaccinations
    • We are in the middle of a mumps epidemic in the Midwest - are your employees vaccinated?
lessons from katrina

Lessons from Katrina

The Blind Men and the Elephant

transportation issues surface causes
Transportation IssuesSurface Causes
  • Evacuation not triggered until too late
  • No provision for moving folks without transportation
  • When transport was available - school busses - there was no provision for drivers
  • No provisions for jails and hospitals
  • No provision for secondary evacuation form the Superdome and other facilities
transportation issues surface solutions
Transportation Issues:Surface Solutions
  • Better plans
  • More modes of transportation
  • Earlier evacuations
  • "Manditory" evacuations
  • All sound, but all miss the point
transportation issues root causes
Transportation Issues:Root Causes
  • New Orleans has flooded frequently
  • Most of the land that flooded is reclaimed bay and swamp that is up to 20 feet below sea level, not historic New Orleans
  • People lived next to levees with water 5 feet over street level every day
  • Flood insurance was not required because it was assumed that the levees could not break
the implications of a real evacuation
The Implications of a Real Evacuation
  • The only reason to really evacuate is if the levees fail, which was ruled out
    • The Superdome and shelters of last resort
    • Delaying the call for evacuation
  • Why?
    • 40 years of false alarms
    • Admitting the levees could fail would destroy the real estate values in New Orleans
    • Routine serious evacuations destroy business
the real lessons from katrina
The Real Lessons from Katrina
  • Plans based on politically unacceptable actions will not be carried out
  • Long term prevention loses out to short term economic and political considerations
    • Do not build in dangerous areas
    • Require realistic risk analysis for insurance
    • Do not downplay risks that cannot be managed
how would all hazards planning have changed the outcome
How Would All Hazards Planning Have Changed the Outcome?
  • Focus would have been on the risks of living below sea level, not just on the evacuation
  • Planning would have explicitly included levee failure
    • Flood insurance
    • Business interruption insurance
    • Meeting appropriate life-safety codes for hospitals
    • Personal evacuation planning
  • Addressing these would have changed the political dynamic, allowing a proper evacuation