Designing lessons to enhance student learning
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Designing Lessons to Enhance Student Learning…. Why Plan?. What is a lesson plan?. Teacher’s guide Design for the learning of the student Series of student centered learning Focused on what the student needs to know and be able to do Covers one day or several days

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What is a lesson plan l.jpg
What is a lesson plan?

  • Teacher’s guide

  • Design for the learning of the student

  • Series of student centered learning

  • Focused on what the student needs to know and be able to do

  • Covers one day or several days

  • Allows for the teachable moment


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Experienced Teacher Standards

  • Demonstrates Professional Leadership

  • Demonstrates Knowledge of Content

  • Designs and Plans Instruction

  • Creates and Maintains Learning Climate

  • Implements/Manages Instruction

  • Assesses and communicates Learning Results

  • Collaborates with Colleagues/Parents/Others

  • Engages in Professional Development


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Performance Criteria for Designs and Plans Instruction Standard 3


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How much time does the average teacher spend planning?

  • Elementary Teachers spend 8.3 minutes of planning time per lesson.

  • Middle and High School Teachers spend 13.5 minutes of planning time per lesson.

    Mayerson Academy, Cincinnati


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Two Types of Assignments…

  • Ineffective Assignments:

    • The teacher tells the class what is to be covered

      • Chapter 7; Moby Dick; long division; ecosystems

  • Effective Assignments:

    • The teacher tells the students what they are to have accomplished or mastered at the end of the lesson

    • Teach with the end in mind


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Effective Assignments… show learning has taken place.

  • Must have structure and be precise

  • Structure

    • The assignment must have a consistent and familiar format that the students can recognize as their assignment

    • The assignment must be posted daily in a consistent location BEFORE students enter the room

  • Preciseness

    • The assignment must state clearly and simply what the students are to ACCOMPLISH


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Thinking About Lesson Planning show learning has taken place.

Who Am I Planning For?

What Am I Supposed To Do?


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The Correct Question… show learning has taken place.

  • DON’T ASK: “What am I going to cover tomorrow?”

  • DO ASK: “What are my students going to learn, achieve, and accomplish tomorrow?”

    The role of the teacher is not to cover. The role of the teacher is to UNCOVER.


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Pre-Planning Strategies show learning has taken place.

  • Determine the learning styles of your students

  • Determine reading levels/skills of students

  • Inventory access to technology

  • Connect writing to what is being taught

  • Focus on academic expectations and core content

  • Establish a variety of instructional strategies


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Essential Questions show learning has taken place.

  • What do I want all students to know and be able to do at the end of this lesson?

  • What will I do to cause this learning to happen?

  • What will students do to facilitate this learning?

  • How will I assess to find out if this learning happened?

  • What will I do for those who show through assessment that the learning did not take place?


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Think-Pair-Share show learning has taken place.

“Best Practices” in Lesson Planning

Some Guiding Principles

Adapted From: 63 Ways of Teaching or Learning Anything by Gary Phillips and Maurice Gibbons


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Thinking It Through… show learning has taken place.

  • Lesson Content

  • Learning Level

  • Instructional Methods, Materials, Activities

  • Student Activities

  • Evaluation Tools, Strategies, Activities


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The Lesson Plan Rubric show learning has taken place.

  • Academic Focus

  • Instructional Strategies

  • Student Engagement

  • Writing Strategy

  • Reading Strategy

  • Technology Strategy

  • Assessment Strategy


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