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大 学 英 语 测 试 实 训 教 程. 实 训 教 程. I. 快 速 阅 读 II. 篇 章 词 汇 ( 选词填空). I. 快 速 阅 读 (a). 1. 篇章: 1 文章长度: 850 - 1150. 2. 文章的形式一般为说明文,内容涉及社会、经济、文化、教育、自然等。. 3. 设题手段: 7 道选择题 +3 道补全句子题。 4. 规定时间: 15 分钟. I. 快 速 阅 读 (b).

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slide2
实 训 教 程
  • I.快 速 阅 读
  • II.篇 章 词 汇(选词填空)
slide3
I. 快 速 阅 读 (a)

1.篇章: 1 文章长度:850-1150

2.文章的形式一般为说明文,内容涉及社会、经济、文化、教育、自然等。

3.设题手段:7道选择题+3道补全句子题。

4.规定时间:15分钟

slide4
I. 快 速 阅 读 (b)

一. 存在问题 第一,读不懂 所谓读不懂,就是考生拿过文章,满头雾水,即使硬着头皮读文章,也是一知半解。然后匆忙做题,仅凭感觉去蒙,因此准确率必然不高。

第二,读不快 读不快表现为,文章读完了,题也做完了,但往往是比考试要求多用15乃至20多分钟的时间。于是影响了其他问题的有效解答。匆忙起笔,必然影响整个四级的考试成绩。

第三,做不对 就是虽然文章也读懂了,但是一做题就错。

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I. 快 速 阅 读 (c)

(二)解决办法 第一、掌握正确的阅读方法 考生平时阅读一般会采取两种阅读方法。一种是先看文章后看问题;另一种是先看问题,带着问题读文章。那么究竟哪一种方法比较好呢?

对于快阅,, 还是先看问题后读文章比较好。

原因在于,文章篇幅太长。先看问题,你可以熟悉出题人的出题角度。利用题干,划出题干的关键词,特别是四级考试中有一类题目属于“指代题或词汇题”。

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1.快 速 阅 读 (d)

先看问题后看文章的好处就在于,可以通过问题先把上述“核心词”在原文中划出,然后再读文章的过程中,一旦读到,注意力就会相对集中 。

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1.快 速 阅 读 (e)

“五步阅读法”:

第一步,扫描题干抓关键。

即首先看选项,划出题干中的的关键词。题干关键词包括:数字、人名地名、专有名词、引号里的词语等等。

第二步,快速浏览全文,把握文章主旨大意 标重点。

即快速浏览文章。在快速浏览文章的时候,不需要每一个单词和句子都读得懂,没有时间也没有这个必要。在第二步的过程中,考生们所要做的就是首先弄清楚这篇文章的中心思想是什么;其次,用笔在试卷上面标记出考试要考的重点。那么很多考生就会问,如何把握文章的主旨大意,如何标记文章的重点呢?

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1.快 速 阅 读 (f)

首先,把握文章的主旨大意。

要解决这个问题,需要注意两点:

1.仔细阅读文章的首末段的首末句。因为英语文章段落结构上面我已经讲过。此外,西方人说话向来喜欢开门见山。所以英语文章段落70%都是一上来交待作者的写作目的或意图。

2.要仔细阅读其他个段落的首句。然后把这两步综合起来,英语文章的主旨大意就可以把握住。

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1.快 速 阅 读 (g)

第三步,定位原文解剖句子。

就是在读完一遍文章的基础上,再看一遍问题。带着题干中的关键词迅速回原文定位,即找出这个问题出现在原文的第几段第几行。需要注意的一点,四级出题顺序由于是高度一致,所以一定要在文章当中找到出处。

第四步,比较选项定答案。

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1.快 速 阅 读 (h)

第五步,主旨态度最后做。

所谓主旨态度最后做就是,如果在五个问题中,第一个问题就问你,文章的中心思想、作者的写作意图或者做这些这篇文章的态度是什么。这时候考生可以先放过去。因为考生阅读第一遍文章的时候,只是掌握住文章粗枝大叶,这时候对文章还没有形成一个比较全面地了解。

因此可以先放过去先做其他几个问题,待做完其他几个问题的时候再去作主旨题或是态度题,这样准确率就比较高一些。千万不要小看这一变化。这类题目作对的正确与否有可能直接决定着其他四个选项的正确率。

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1.快 速 阅 读

2008.12. Band-4

  • Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)(15 minutes)
  • Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1.
  • For questions 1-7,choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C) and D).
  • For questions 8-10,complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
that s enough kids
That’s enough, kids

1) It was a lovely day at the park and Stella Bianchi was enjoying the sunshine with her two children when a young boy, aged about four, approached her two-year-old son and pushed him to the ground.

  • “I’d watched him for a little while and my son was the fourth or fifth child he’d shoved,” she says.” I went over to them, picked up my son, turned to the boy and said, firmly, ’No, we don’t push,” What happened next was unexpected.

3) “The boy’s mother ran toward me from across the park,” Stella says,” I thought she was coming over to apologize, but instead she started shouting at me for disciplining her child, All I did was let him know his behavior was unacceptable. Was I supposed to sit back while her kid did whatever he wanted, hurting other children in the process?”

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1.快 速 阅 读
  • 1.      What did Stella Bianchi expect the young boy’s mother to do when she talked to him?
  • A)     make an apology
  • B)      come over to intervene
  • C)    discipline her own boy
  • D)     take her own boy away
that s enough kids1
That’s enough, kids

4) Getting your own children to play nice is difficult enough. Dealing with other people’s children has become a minefield.

  • In my house, jumping on the sofa is not allowed. In my sister’s house it’s encouraged. For her, it’s about kids being kids:”If you can’t do it at three, when can you do it?”

6) Each of these philosophies is valid and, it has to be said, my son loves visiting his aunt’s house. But I find myself saying “no” a lot when her kids are over at mine. That’s OK between sisters but becomes dangerous territory when you’re talking to the children of friends or acquaintances.

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1.快 速 阅 读
  • 2.      What does the author say about dealing with other people’s children?
  • A)     it’s important not to hurt them in any way
  • B)      it’s no use trying to stop their wrongdoing
  • C)    it’s advisable to treat them as one’s own kids
  • D)     it’s possible for one to get into lots of trouble
that s enough kids2
That’s enough, kids

7) “Kids aren’t all raised the same,” agrees Professor Naomi White of Monash University.” But there is still an idea that they’re the property of the parent. We see our children as an extension of ourselves, so if you’re saying that my child is behaving inappropriately, then that’s somehow a criticism of me.”

  • In those circumstances, it’s difficult to know whether to approach the child directly or the parent first. There are two schools of thought.

9) “I’d go to the child first,” says Andrew Fuller, author of Tricky Kids. Usually a quiet reminder that ’we don’t do that here’ is enough. Kids nave finely tuned antennae (直觉) for how to behave in different settings.”

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1.快 速 阅 读
  • 3.      According to professor Naomi white of Monash university, when one’s kids are criticized, their parents will probably feel
  • A)     discouraged
  • B)      hurt
  • C)    puzzled
  • D)     overwhelmed
slide18
1.快 速 阅 读
  • 4.      What should one do when seeing other people’s kids misbehave according to Andrew fuller?
  • A)     talk to them directly in a mild way
  • B)      complain to their parents politely
  • C)    simply leave them alone
  • D)     punish them lightly
that s enough kids3
That’s enough, kids

10) He points out bringing it up with the parent first may make them feel neglectful, which could cause problems. Of course, approaching the child first can bring its own headaches, too.

  • This is why White recommends that you approach the parents first. Raise your concerns with the parents if they’re there and ask them to deal with it,” she says.

12) Asked how to approach a parent in this situation, psychologist Meredith Fuller answers:”Explain your needs as well as stressing the importance of the friendship. Preface your remarks with something like: ’I know you’ll think I’m silly but in my house I don’t want…’”

that s enough kids4
That’s enough, kids

13) When it comes to situations where you’re caring for another child, white is straightforward: “common sense must prevail. If things don’t go well, then have a chat.”

  • There’re a couple of new grey areas. Physical punishment, once accepted from any adult, is no longer appropriate. “A new set of considerations has come to the fore as part of the debate about how we handle children.”

15) For Andrew Fuller, the child-centric nature of our society has affected everyone:” The rules are different now from when today’s parents were growing up,” he says, “Adults are scared of saying: ’don’t swear’, or asking a child to stand up on a bus. They’re worried that there will be conflict if they point these things out – either from older children, or their parents.”

slide21
1.快 速 阅 读
  • 5.      Due to the child-centric nature of our society,
  • A)     parents are worried when their kids swear at them
  • B)      people think it improper to criticize kids in public
  • C)    people are reluctant to point our kids’ wrongdoings
  • D)     many conflicts arise between parents and their kids
that s enough kids5
That’s enough, kids

16) He sees it as a loss of the sense of common public good and public courtesy (礼貌), and says that adults suffer form it as much as child.

  • Meredith Fuller agrees: “A code of conduct is hard to create when you’re living in a world in which everyone is exhausted from overwork and lack of sleep, and a world in which nice people are perceived to finish last.”

18) “it’s about what I’m doing and what I need,” Andrew Fuller says. ”the days when a kid came home from school and said, “I got into trouble”. And dad said, ‘you probably deserved it’. Are over. Now the parents are charging up to the school to have a go at teachers.”

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1.快 速 阅 读
  • 6.      In a world where everyone is exhausted from over work and lack of sleep, .
  • A)     it’s easy for people to become impatient
  • B)      it’s difficult to create a code of conduct
  • C)    it’s important to be friendly to everybody
  • D)     it’s hard for people to admire each other
slide24
1.快 速 阅 读
  • 7.      How did people use to respond when their kids got into trouble at school?
  • A)     they’d question the teachers
  • B)      they’d charge up to the school
  • C)    they’d tell the kids to clam down
  • D)     They’d put the blame on their kids
that s enough kids6
That’s enough, kids

19) This jumping to our children’s defense is part of what fuels the “walking on eggshells” feeling that surrounds our dealings with other people’s children. You know that if you remonstrate(劝诫) with the child, you’re going to have to deal with the parent. it’s admirable to be protective of our kids, but is it good?

  • “Children have to learn to negotiate the world on their own, within reasonable boundaries,” White says. “I suspect that it’s only certain sectors of the population doing the running to the school –better –educated parents are probably more likely to be too involved.”

21) White believes our notions of a more child-centred, it’s a way of talking about treating our children like commodities(商品). We’re centred on them but in ways that reflect positively on us. We treat them as objects whose appearance and achievements are something we can be proud of, rather than serve the best interests of the children.”

slide26
1.快 速 阅 读
  • 8.      Professor white believes that the notions of a more child-centred society should be___________.
  • 9.      According to professor white, today’s parents treat their children as something they ___________.
slide27
1.快 速 阅 读

22) One way over-worked, under-resourced parents show commitment to their children is to leap to their defence. Back at the park, Bianchi’s intervention(干预) on her son’s behalf ended in an undignified exchange of insulting words with the other boy’s mother.

  • As Bianchi approached the park bench where she’d been sitting, other mums came up to her and congratulated her on taking a stand. “Apparently the boy had a longstanding reputation for bad behaviour and his mum for even worse behaviour if he was challenged.”

24) Andrew Fuller doesn’t believe that we should be afraid of dealing with other people’s kids. “look at kids that aren’t your own as a potential minefield,” he says. He recommends that we don’t stay silent over inappropriate behaviour, particularly with regular visitors.

slide28
1.快 速 阅 读
  • 10.  Andrew fuller suggests that , when kids behave inappropriately, people should not ____________.
slide29
keys
  • 1-7. A D B A C B D
  • 8.      Professor white believes that the notions of a more child-centred society should be challenged.
  • 9.      According to professor white, today’s parents treat their children as something they can be proud of.
  • 10.  Andrew fuller suggests that , when kids behave inappropriately, people should not stay silent.
slide30
1.快 速 阅 读

友情提示:快阅的考题是按文章的先后顺序

均匀分布的,基本不存在前后跳跃情况。

建议考生按一定顺序进行。

slide31
实 训 教 程

II.篇 章 词 汇

slide32
II. 篇 章 词 汇 (a)

1. 篇数: 1 文章长度:220左右

2. 设题手段: 文章拿掉10个单词,要求考生从15个备选答案中选出10个。

3.所选的10个单词多为实词,即能够独立担任句子成份的,如名词、形容词、动词和副词。

slide33
I.篇 章 词 汇 (b)
  • 对于15选10的题型,建议解题三步:

第一步:迅速对所给出的备选单词进行词性分类,比如给(名词,形容词)做一简单标记如(n、adj)或(√、△ )以区分。

第二步:通读全文, 特别是每个段落的首末句,迅速抓住文章的主题和中心。

第三步: 细读全文,分析句子找选项。这一环节最重要的是确定所缺单词的词性以缩小范围,分析空格前后的句子逻辑关系。

slide34
II. 篇 章 词 汇 (c)

解决15选10题型的五大要素:

  • 1) 词性判断
  • 2) 常用搭配
  • 3) 内在逻辑
  • 4) 感情色彩
  • 5) 语法常识(定从、虚拟、倒装、省略及强调)
slide35
II. 篇 章 词 汇
  • A.     Abundant I. Establishing
  • B.     Characters J.  Narrow C.     Communicating K.  Naturally D.     Completely L. Personnel
  • E.     Derive M.  Properly
  • F.     Desire N.  Respect
  • G.    Diversity O.  Widen
  • H.    Escape
slide36
II. 篇 章 词 汇
  • A. Abundant adj. I. Establishing v.
  • B. Characters n. J.  Narrow v. C. Communicating v. K.  Naturally adv. D. Completely adv. L. Personnel n.
  • E. Derive v. M.  Properly adv.
  • F. Desire v/n. N.  Respect n.
  • G. Diversity n. O.  Widen v.
  • H. Escape v.
ii p1
II. 篇 章 词 汇 P1

A bookless life is an incomplete life. Books influence the depth and breadth of life. They meet the natural______47______for freedom, for expression, for creativity and beauty of life.

  • A. Abundant adj. I. Establishing v.
  • B. Characters n. J.  Narrow v.
  • C. Communicating v. K.  Naturally adv. D. Completely adv. L. Personnel n.
  • E. Derive v. M.  Properly adv.
  • F. Desire v/n. N.  Respect n.
  • G. Diversity n. O.  Widen v.
  • H. Escape v.
ii p2
II. 篇 章 词 汇 P2

Learners, therefore, must have books, and the right type of book, for the satisfaction of their need. Readers turn______48_____ to books because their curiosity concerning all manners of things,

  • A. Abundant adj. I. Establishing v.
  • B. Characters n. J.  Narrow v.
  • C. Communicating v. K.  Naturally adv. D. Completely adv. L. Personnel n.
  • E. Derive v. M.  Properly adv.
  • F. Desire v/n. N.  Respect n.
  • G. Diversity n. O.  Widen v.
  • H. Escape v.
ii p3
II. 篇 章 词 汇 P3

their eagerness to share in the experiences of others and their need to ____49 _____ from their own limited environment lead them to find in books food for the mind and the spirit.

  • A. Abundant adj. I. Establishing v.
  • B. Characters n. J.  Narrow v.
  • C. Communicating v. K.  Naturally adv. D. Completely adv. L. Personnel n.
  • E. Derive v. M.  Properly adv.
  • F. Desire v/n. N.  Respect n.
  • G. Diversity n. O.  Widen v.
  • H. Escape v.
ii p4
II. 篇 章 词 汇 P4

Through their reading they find a deeper significance to life as books acquaint them with life in the world as it was and it is now.

  • A. Abundant adj. I. Establishing v.
  • B. Characters n. J.  Narrow v.
  • C. Communicating v. K.  Naturally adv. D. Completely adv. L. Personnel n.
  • E. Derive v. M.  Properly adv.
  • F. Desire v/n. N.  Respect n.
  • G. Diversity n. O.  Widen v.
  • H. Escape v.
ii p5
II. 篇 章 词 汇 P5

They are presented with a __50 _____ of human experiences and come to ___51 ____ other ways of thought and living.

  • A. Abundant adj. I. Establishing v.
  • B. Characters n. J.  Narrow v.
  • C. Communicating v. K.  Naturally adv. D. Completely adv. L. Personnel n.
  • E. Derive v. M.  Properly adv.
  • F. Desire v/n. N.  Respect n.
  • G. Diversity n. O.  Widen v.
  • H. Escape v.
ii p6
II. 篇 章 词 汇 P6

And while ____52 ____ their own relationships and responses to life , the readers often find that the ___53 __ in their stories are going through similar adjustments, which help to clarify and give significance to their own.

A. Abundant adj. I. Establishing v.

  • B. Characters n. J.  Narrow v.
  • C. Communicating v. K.  Naturally adv. D. Completely adv. L. Personnel n.
  • E. Derive v. M.  Properly adv.
  • F. Desire v/n. N.  Respect n.
  • G. Diversity n. O.  Widen v.
  • H. Escape v.
ii p7
II. 篇 章 词 汇 P7
  • Books provide ___54 _____ material for readers’ imagination to grow. Imagination is a valuable quality and a motivating power, and stimulates achievement.
  • A. Abundant adj. I. Establishing v.
  • B. Characters n. J.  Narrow v.
  • C. Communicating v. K.  Naturally adv. D. Completely adv. L. Personnel n.
  • E. Derive v. M.  Properly adv.
  • F. Desire v/n. N.  Respect n.
  • G. Diversity n. O.  Widen v.
  • H. Escape v.
ii p8
II. 篇 章 词 汇 P8

While enriching their imagination, books __55 ____their outlook, develop a fact-finding attitude and train them to use leisure ___56 ___.

  • A. Abundant adj. I. Establishing v.
  • B. Characters n. J.  Narrow v.
  • C. Communicating v. K.  Naturally adv. D. Completely adv. L. Personnel n.
  • E. Derive v. M.  Properly adv.
  • F. Desire v/n. N.  Respect n.
  • G. Diversity n. O.  Widen v.
  • H. Escape v.
ii p9
II. 篇 章 词 汇 P9

The social and educational significance of the readers’ books cannot be overestimated in an academic library.  

slide46
KEYS
  • 47-51
  • F K H G N
  • 52-57
  • I B A O M
slide47
II. 篇 章 词 汇
  • 友情提示:新四级取消了对纯词汇的考察,但却被融进了篇章词汇中。
  • 因此对四级大纲中要求的词组仍要精确记忆。