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LING3003 Linguistics Field Trip. Hawaii Field trip 2009 Introduction: the Hawaiian islands. Aims . Islands as natural laboratories Study language situation 1. The Hawaiian language: Polynesian language, in danger of extinction, revitalization in progress

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ling3003 linguistics field trip

LING3003 Linguistics Field Trip

Hawaii Field trip 2009

Introduction: the Hawaiian islands

slide2
Aims
  • Islands as natural laboratories
  • Study language situation

1. The Hawaiian language: Polynesian language, in danger of extinction, revitalization in progress

2. Hawaiian Creole English (aka Pidgin)- as featured in LING2040 Languages in Contact

3. Other immigrant languages: Okinawan, Japanese, Korean, Cantonese/Hakka, Philippine languages

the hawaiian islands
The Hawaiian Islands
  • Most isolated archipelago on earth
  • Series of volcanoes created successively by “hot spot”, latest island 500,000 years ago
  • Settled by Polynesian seafarers from Marquesas between 300-600 AD
  • ‘discovered’ by Captain Cook in 1778
the hawaiian islands1
The Hawaiian Islands

7 inhabited islands:

  • Oahu: Honolulu, Pearl Harbor
  • Hawai’i: “The Big Island”
  • Maui
  • Moloka’i
  • Lana’i
  • Kaua’i
  • Ni’ihau: privately owned, beyond Kaua’i; Hawaiian spoken natively
the austronesian languages
The Austronesian languages
  • Austro-nesian: “southern island” language family
  • Aboriginal languages of Taiwan: Amis, Zhou, Seediq

- diversity of these languages suggests Taiwan as Austronesian homeland

  • Major languages: Malay, Bahasa Indonesia, Tagalog, Samoan, etc
settlement of hawaii
Settlement of Hawaii
  • Evidence for two waves of settlement:

1. From Marquesas -- the legendary menehune “little people” of Kaua’i

2. From Tahiti (South Pacific)

  • Navigation by stars and

natural signs: clouds,

migrating birds

  • The Pacific golden plover

or kolea

typological features of austronesian languages
Typological features of Austronesian languages
  • (Apparently) simple phonological systems, as in Hawaiian:

8 consonants including the okina (glottal stop) as in Hawai’i

5 vowels with phonemic length distinction = 10 vowel phonemes (‘aina “meal” vs ‘āina “land”)

  • Disyllabic roots:

Malay mata “eye”, Hawaiian manu “bird”

  • Verb-initial constituent order: VSO (Hawaiian), VOS (Malagasy) or VSO/VOS (Samoan, Seediq)
hawaiian today
Hawaiian today
  • Revitalization in progress
  • Pūnana Leo (“Language nest”) schools

http://www.ahapunanaleo.org/

  • Media: newspaper columns, new radio bulletins in Hawaiian
  • http://news.iciba.com/a/20081212/546281.shtml