Contexts for Mrs. Dalloway. Freud, “ Mourning and Melancholia ” (1917). Mourning. Melancholia. [T]he reaction of the loss of a loved person, or to the loss of some abstraction which has taken the place of one, such as one’s country, liberty, and ideal, and so on” (243).
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[T]he reaction of the loss of a loved person, or to the loss of some abstraction which has taken the place of one, such as one’s country, liberty, and ideal, and so on” (243).
Symptoms—apart from decreased self-esteem—same as melancholia
As with melancholia, involves denial of loss and intense remembering of loved object.
Prolonged clinging to lost object, but eventually “respect for reality gains the day” (244), one recognizes loss and can emotionally attach to new object.
“When the work of mourning is completed, the ego becomes free and uninhibited again” (245).
Photo of mustard gas victim courtesy of:The Soldier’s Reality (S. Davies WWI History Course)
Photo of soldier at Battle of the Somme courtesy: WWI Research Project at The Learning Center
Inability to concentrate
Physical symptoms: blindness, twitching, limb dysfunction
Hallucinatory flashbacks to war experience