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Intersex

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  1. Intersex

  2. What is intersex? According to the Intersex Society of North America (ISNA), Intersex is a general term used for a variety of conditions in which a person is born with a reproductive or sexual anatomy that doesn’t seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male

  3. Is this a new concept? • No. Condition renamed from hermaphrodite • Hermaphrodite • Hermes: God of male sexuality • Aphrodite: Goddess of female sexuality and love • Condition started out with doctors trying to ‘correct’ gender assignments • Some conditions would go unnoticed for several years if not forever.

  4. Statistics

  5. Different types of intersex • Aphallia • Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) • Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS) • Clitoromegaly • GonadalDysgenesis (partial & complete • Hypospadias • MRKH • Klinefelter Syndrome • Ovo-testes • Turner Syndrome • Swyer Syndrome • Partial Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (PAIS) • Progestin Induced Virilization

  6. How it happens • Each conditions varies on how it happens. • Examples: • Klinefelter: Inherit an extra X chromosome from either their father or their mother. • AIS: usually inherited (occasional spontaneous mutation) where the body’s cells are unable to response to androgen. • CAH: genetic error in making cortisone which causes unusually high rates of other hormones

  7. Medical risks? Each condition obviously has their own medical risks, however, Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia is the biggest medical risk. • Occurs equally in XX and XY. • Problems making own cortisone • “Salt wasting”: salt levels • Gender assignment problems

  8. Options at birth • Gender Reassignment Surgery • Proper health care • Psychological Assistance • Gender Assignment or Identity

  9. Long term results • “A long-term outcome study of intersex conditions” by Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes in Melbourne, Australia • Things to think about • Health concerns • Self Identity • Making the correct choice or none at all • Life long decisions

  10. Resources: books and media • BOOKS • Middlesex by Jeffrey Eugenides • “Hermaphrodites and the Medical Invention of Sex” by Alice Dreger • “As Nature Made Him” by John Colpainto • Clinical Guidelines for the Management of Disorders of Sex Development in Childhood • TV and MOVIES • ‘Amanda’ • Oprah Episode • Discovery Channel “Is It a Boy or Girl?”

  11. bibliography • https://health.google.com/health/ref/Intersex • http://www.isna.org/ • www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16042323 • www.bodieslikeours.org