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Movie Reviews. What’s the purpose of a film movie review?. The purpose of a film reviewer is to help the reader decide whether or not they should watch, download or buy that movie. Guidelines and tips for writing a good film review:. The review should give

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what s the purpose of a film movie review
What’s the purpose of a film movie review?
  • The purpose of a film reviewer is to help the reader decide whether or not they should watch, download or buy that movie
guidelines and tips for writing a good film review
Guidelines and tips for writing a good film review:

The review should give

  • enough details about the film that the reader can make
  • an informed decision, without giving anyway any essentials such as the plot or any surprises.
how to write a movie review
How to write a movie review

1. Watch the movie

2. Give your opinion

3. Who is your audience?

4. Give an outline

5. Actors

6. Structure

7.Cinematography and lighting

8. Music

9. Read, read and read


A film reviewer also creates a dialogue. They place a movie in the social context of the times.

  • For example, a good film reviewer in the 80s would have, and did, talk about the sort of hard bodied muscle men, and why movies like Rambo and Terminator were doing so well, why people wanted to see those big, beefy guys battle it out for our country. They put it in the context of the time.
  • What about today? What’s the context of our time?
useful vocabulary on film reviews
Useful vocabulary on Film Reviews

Hilarious, touching, overdone, superb, disturbing, well-portrayed, low-key, shrouded, sequel, hinted, core, blockbuster,

  • convey, suspense, vaunted, emotionally-charged, disjointed, dull, clichéd, avant-garde, shallow, thought-provoking, ponderous, lapsing, over-studied.
c lems


camera angles and shots, the “eye” or point of view from which we see all action

c l ems


lighting, chosen to show people or objects for effect in emotion, mood, and to be symbolic

cl e ms


editing, or what the director chooses to leave in or out

cle m s


movement of people, objects (vehicles, bullets), natural elements (waves, wind…)

clem s


sound-everything the audience can hear, from breathing to horn honking to music

the grammar of film
The “Grammar” of Film

Written Language

Letters are the smallest distinct form of written language

Letters make up words

Words strung together create a sentence

Sentences are put together to create a paragraph

Many paragraphs together create a story

Film Language

A film’s smallest unit is a single Frame, which is like a still photograph

Several frame make up Shots in films

Shots go together to make up one scene

Several scenes make up a Sequence

The sequence of scenes create an entire film

parts of a film some basic terms
Parts of a Film: Some Basic Terms
  • Frame=a single picture on a length of film
  • Shot=one continuous recording of an action taken by one camera
  • Scene= a series of shots, showing action in one location
  • Sequence= a series of scenes showing a significant aspect ot he plot
medium shot ms
Medium Shot (MS)
  • A much closer view- e.g. a person(s) from the waist up
  • Our view is limited to things immediately around the person
medium close up msc
Medium Close Up (MSC)
  • Closer still-e.g. mid-chest to head
close up cu and extreme close up ecu
Close Up (CU) and Extreme Close Up (ECU)
  • Used for emphasis, to focus on whatever is most significant at the moment
  • May reveal human emotions (sadness, shock) or private information- e.g contents of a letter, or tension of turning a door handle
point of view pov
Point of View (POV)
  • When the camera acts like an eye, giving us a particular subjective view- e.g. we see only what a character sees, or over the shoulder of the character
angles three main angles of camera may be used
Angles-Three main angles of camera may be used
  • High Angle
    • Camera looks down on subject
    • Can make the person seem small, insignificant, vulnerable or unlikely to win
  • Low Angle
    • Camera looks up at subject who then seems large, important, in control
  • Normal Angle
    • E.g.-eye level
editing questions to ask yourself
Editing-Questions to ask yourself
  • What shots are selected?
  • How are the shots arranged?
  • In what order are they placed?
match action
Match Action
  • Two scenes, shot at different times, are cut together to give the impression of natural continuity
jump cut
Jump Cut
  • Opposite of match action
  • A cut where there’s little continuity
  • Cutting in action between two, simultaneous scenes
  • Often used to show contrast or to create suspense
  • How long is a shot held on the screen?
  • What tempo and rhythm result?
jolts per minute
Jolts per Minute
  • JPM is the measure of how many cuts occur in a single minute of film
  • Jolts keep the eye moving and the viewer interested
  • Many JPM=creates movement, high action, fast-paced
  • Few JPM=static, monotonous
  • What transitions are used to move from one shot or sequence to the next?
straight cut
Straight Cut
  • the simplest transition
  • when one shot ends, another begins
  • creates continuous movement
fade in
Fade In
  • shot appears from darkness
fade out
Fade Out
  • shot fades into darkness
  • one shot fades into the next; for a brief moment, both shots appear on the screen at the same time (superimposition)
  • like the fade in and fade out, the dissolve is used to show a passage of time
  • a line crosses the screen, moving the next shot over top of the current shot (essentially “pushing” it off screen)
movement of the subject
Movement of the Subject
  • Smooth
  • Jerky
  • Sudden
  • Languid
  • Constant
  • Etc.
boom shot
Boom Shot
  • Camera moves through space, up and down, on a crane
  • Follows the action, reveals a scene
dolly shot
Dolly Shot
  • Camera moves through space, forward or backward from subject, on a cart on wheels
  • Creates increasing or decreasing intimacy with the subject
pan shot
Pan Shot
  • Side to side camera movement using a pivoting tripod
  • Often used for establishing shots
tilt shot
Tilt Shot
  • Up and down camera movement using a pivoting tripod
  • May be used to reveal size
tracking shot
Tracking Shot
  • Camera moves through space, on a dolly, to follow a moving subject
  • Makes the subject seem more important than the moving background
movement of the lens
Movement of the Lens
  • Zooming in and out
  • Dialogue
  • Music
functional music
Functional Music
  • Background music added to the soundtrack (characters can’t hear it)
  • Creates mood, atmosphere
authentic music
Authentic Music
  • Actually played in the story
  • Characters can hear it
  • May contribute to atmosphere or play a role in the plot (or both)
sound effects
Sound Effects
  • Noises added to the soundtrack to create realism
voice over
Voice Over
  • Narration of a scene (usually off-screen)
warm colours
Warm Colours
  • Rusty brown
  • Moss green
  • Mustard yellow
  • Creates an earthy, warm, comfortable atmosphere
cool colours
Cool Colours
  • Aquamarine blue
  • Spring green
  • White
  • Creates a modern, sleek, clean look
muted colours
Muted Colours
  • Cream
  • Beige
  • Pale/pastel earth tones
  • Relaxing and calming
vivid colours
Vivid Colours
  • Bright red
  • Yellow
  • Blue
  • Primary crayon colours
  • Creates energy
  • A sense of fun
complementary colours
Complementary Colours
  • Indicates harmony agreement
contrasting colours
Contrasting Colours
  • Indicates disagreement
  • Conflict
  • Creates mystery
  • Hidden emotion
black and white
Black and white
  • Creates a serious/academic tone
  • Documentary
  • May be used to create nostalgia
  • In which case a sepia tint may be added
  • Key Lighting=main source of light
  • Filler Lighting=Secondary light
front lighting
Front Lighting
  • Subject is lit directly from the front
  • Leaves no noticeable shadow
  • Unnatural, often used for portraits
flat lighting
Flat Lighting
  • More than one light source directly on the front of the subject
  • Features are softened
  • No evidence at all of shadows
  • Very unnatural
  • Models in make-up ads
top lighting
Top Lighting
  • Subject is lit from above
  • Creates shadows towards the bottom of the subject
  • Eyes are shaded or not visible at all
  • Creates mystery, fear, sadness
bottom lighting
Bottom Lighting
  • Subject is lit from below, leaving unnatural shadows on the face
  • Eerie effect because no natural source of bottom lighting exists
  • Often used in horror films
back lighting silhouetting
Back Lighting (Silhouetting)
  • The subject is lit from behind, leaving a halo effect around the subject
  • In extreme cases, no light is visible on the front of the subject and a silhouette is crated
side lighting
Side Lighting
  • Subject is lit from one side, creating shadows on the other side
  • Creates a sense of depth of character, interest, mystery
hatchet lighting
Hatchet Lighting
  • Bright side lighting, “cutting” the subject’s face in half
  • One side is brightly lit, the other in total darkness
  • Shows two sides of character
hard lighting
Hard Lighting
  • Unnatural and stark
  • Spotlight, bright sunlight through a window
soft lighting
Soft Lighting
  • Natural and warm
  • Diffused, filtered
  • Fuzzy glow effect