Quebec Conference By: Joonhee, Robert
What is Quebec Conference? • When: October 10, 1864 • Where: Quebec city • Who: 33 delegates of Canada, the three Maritime Provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and the colony of Newfoundland • How: Constitutional meeting called on the initiative Canadian government • Why: To discuss a plan on federal union of the British north American provinces • The view point of the whole was Conservative
Negotiations • Two sources • Canada • John A. Macdonald favored a legislative union • Macdonald pointed out that the American Civil War could be attributed to the existence of overly-powerful state governments • Maritime Provinces • Maritime delegates opposed this degree of centralization, and those from Lower Canada (Quebec) insisted on control over language, religion and civil law.
Strong Presences • Demands • Nova Scotia and New Brunswick wanted assurances that the intercolonial railway would be built • Prince Edward Island wanted money to buy back the lands held by absentee landowners • Legislative union • In Britain, Scots and Irish had seen their traditional customs and languages weakened under the legislative union • Canadians feared the same thing might happen to their languages and religion • Maritime colonies feared their voices would not be heard strongly enough in a legislative union
Result • Compromise • a federal union
Seventy-two Resolutions • Commonly referred to as the “Quebec Resolutions” • A set of proposals, which outlines the powers of each level of government and other details of the Confederation • Became the significant basis for the British North America Act
Central government • Powers to raise money through taxes and duties on imported goods • Control interprovincial communication and transportation • Operate the post office, issue currency and provide for military defence • Federal government • All criminal law “Quebec Resolutions” • Provincial government • Administer the local courts, both criminal and civil • Responsible for building the courts, keeping records, providing juries • Individual provinces • Powers over schools, roads and bridges , local trade and commerce, property and business contracts
British reaction to Confederation • The colonies cost Britain a great deal of money - ex) Any crisis that might require Britain to send troops to defend its colonies would be very expensive • British wanted to allow the colonies to become independent states • Britain favored the new idea of Confederation
Bibliography • W. Stewart WALLACE, ed., The Encyclopedia of Canada, Vol. V, Toronto, University Associates of Canada, 1948, 401p., pp. 205-207. • J.K. , Hiller. "The Quebec Conference, October 1864 ". Memorial University of Newfoundland. Mar 29, 2010 <http://www.heritage.nf.ca/law/quebec.html>. • No author, "The Quebec Conference". CBC. Mar 29, 2010 <http://www.cbc.ca/history/EPCONTENTSE1EP8CH4PA3LE.html>.