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What are the 10 Commandments? Write them down with your partner. . Worship one God Do not take God’s name in vain Keep the Sabbath day holy Honour your father and mother Do not kill Do not commit adultery Do not steal Do not bear false witness/ lie about others
Write them down with your partner.
Worship one God
Do not take God’s name in vain
Keep the Sabbath day holy
Honour your father and mother
Do not kill
Do not commit adultery
Do not steal
Do not bear false witness/ lie about others
Do not desire another man’s wife
Do not envy your neighbour’s goods
What Moses wrote (The written Torah) is in the first 5 books of the Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Deuteronomy, Leviticus, Numbers)
**Why would having the Oral Torah be important?
When Moses went up the mountain, he was given the 10 Commandments on tablets of stone.
God also told Moses many other instructions. This was written down = the written Torah.
People needed explanations about how to follow Gods’ instructions. The Pharisees taught how to follow the law. This was passed on orally = the Oral Torah.
Torah means “law”
God said “do not steal”. But this rule is not entirely clear. What should we do in these situations ??
The Oral Torah expands on the Written Torah – it gives more instructions about what you should do – as decided by the Pharisees.
What if that person is dead? Is that stealing?
How long can I borrow something without repaying?
What about charging a slightly higher fee?
What about damaging property? Is that stealing?
Give 2 examples of Mitzvots
Using one of your examples of a Mitzvot, explain why the Oral Torah would be needed (PEE)
**What could be a problem of having so many mitzvots?The 613 Laws (Mitzvots)
There are 613 laws of Moses – instructions God gave to Moses when He gave him the 10 Commandments. These are the written law. The laws are called mitzvots.
We the Pharisees developed the Oral Law to explain how you should keep the Mitzvots, in case you are unsure.
I’m so hung up & perfect about keeping all 613 Mitzvots, I haven’t got time to be a nice person !
I can’t keep all these Laws – so I am condemned as a sinner !
Using the cartoon, explain why the following the Law actually did NOT please God.
Master, please heal me !!
He’s healing the sick!
On the Sabbath!
The Law says you must rest!
He is not a good Jew!