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What are the 10 Commandments? Write them down with your partner. . Worship one God Do not take God’s name in vain Keep the Sabbath day holy Honour your father and mother Do not kill Do not commit adultery Do not steal Do not bear false witness/ lie about others

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

What are the 10 Commandments?

Write them down with your partner.

Worship one God

Do not take God’s name in vain

Keep the Sabbath day holy

Honour your father and mother

Do not kill

Do not commit adultery

Do not steal

Do not bear false witness/ lie about others

Do not desire another man’s wife

Do not envy your neighbour’s goods

  • 1 God
  • 2’s misused
  • 3’s on your knees
  • 4 front door
  • 5’s alive,
  • 6’s stray
  • Sticky 7’s
  • 8’s tell tales
  • 9’s him & hers
  • 10’s want more
the torah

To define key terms

To explain the difference between the written and Oral Torah

To evaluate the importance of the Oral Torah

The Torah

slide3

What Moses wrote (The written Torah) is in the first 5 books of the Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Deuteronomy, Leviticus, Numbers)

  • Pharisees taught and followed the written and oral Torah very carefully because they believed it would bring the Messiah down to earth.
  • Follow the colours of the rainbow (ROYGBIV) to put the info about the Torah in the right order, and write it out.
  • What is the difference between the written and the Oral Torah?

**Why would having the Oral Torah be important?

When Moses went up the mountain, he was given the 10 Commandments on tablets of stone.

God also told Moses many other instructions. This was written down = the written Torah.

People needed explanations about how to follow Gods’ instructions. The Pharisees taught how to follow the law. This was passed on orally = the Oral Torah.

Torah means “law”

  • For Jews, the Torah is the word of God. There is nothing more important than keeping the Torah.
slide4

God said “do not steal”. But this rule is not entirely clear. What should we do in these situations ??

The Oral Torah expands on the Written Torah – it gives more instructions about what you should do – as decided by the Pharisees.

What if that person is dead? Is that stealing?

How long can I borrow something without repaying?

What about charging a slightly higher fee?

What about damaging property? Is that stealing?

the 613 laws mitzvots

Explain what the Mitzvots are

Give 2 examples of Mitzvots

Using one of your examples of a Mitzvot, explain why the Oral Torah would be needed (PEE)

**What could be a problem of having so many mitzvots?

The 613 Laws (Mitzvots)

There are 613 laws of Moses – instructions God gave to Moses when He gave him the 10 Commandments. These are the written law. The laws are called mitzvots.

We the Pharisees developed the Oral Law to explain how you should keep the Mitzvots, in case you are unsure.

  • Examples of 613 Mitvots:
  • Marriage Mitzvotshow to get engaged, divorced, divorce settlements, people Jews were forbidden to marry, BUT WHAT SHOULD THE MARRIAGE CEREMONY BE LIKE? Oral Law explains this.
  • Justice and Property Mitzvots– about inheritance , injury, compensation and revenge “an eye for an eye”. BUT WHAT IF SOMEONE BLINDS YOU ACCIDENTALLY? Oral Law explains this.
  • Prayer Mitzvots: you should wear on your body the saying that God is the Only God. BUT HOW? Oral Law explains this.
  • Sacrifice Mitzvots: how and when sacrifices should be offered to God in the Temple. BUT WHICH SACRIFICES ARE APPROPRIATE? Oral Law explains this.
summary
Summary
  • Torah means…
  • It is believed to have been given to ….
  • It was written down became the ..……..Torah
  • It consists of 613……...(laws)
  • The Oral Torah explains how to …
  • The Pharisees taught the …….. Torah
the law was it a good things to have or not
The Law: was it a good things to have or not?

I’m so hung up & perfect about keeping all 613 Mitzvots, I haven’t got time to be a nice person !

I can’t keep all these Laws – so I am condemned as a sinner !

slide9

Healing on the Sabbath

Using the cartoon, explain why the following the Law actually did NOT please God.

Master, please heal me !!

He’s healing the sick!

On the Sabbath!

The Law says you must rest!

He is not a good Jew!

slide10
HW
  • Summarise the story of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector in your own words
  • Explain what was wrong about the Pharisee’s attitude.
  • Explain what pleased Jesus about the Tax Collector’s attitude.
  • Do you agree with Jesus’ criticism of the Pharisee ?