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National Panchayat Portal ( ). Managing Content for Local Governance. Background. 73 rd Amendment Act enacted in 1992 to enhance the democratic set up by establishing the third-tier of the government, the Panchayati Raj Insitutions (PRIs)

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National panchayat portal http panchayat nic in l.jpg

National Panchayat Portal(

Managing Content for Local Governance

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  • 73rd Amendment Act enacted in 1992 to enhance the democratic set up by establishing the third-tier of the government, the Panchayati Raj Insitutions (PRIs)

  • PRIs work below the level of state at district, block and village level

  • Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR), Government of India formed in 2004 to work for the effective implementation of Panchayati Raj or local self governance in the country

  • There are about

    • 31 State Panchayat Raj Departments

    • 536 District Panchayats or Zilla Parishads (ZPs)

    • 6096 Block Panchayats/Intermediate Panchayats (BPs/IPs)

    • 2,40,000 Gram panchayats/Village Panchayats (GPs/VPs)

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Challenges of Information Dissemination & Management

  • The sheer no. of portals to be created & maintained is mind boggling

  • Maintenance of the web site

    • Lack of technical skills to manage and maintain web sites

    • Lack of proper review and approval mechanism,

    • Inconsistency in the information published through different media

  • Linguistic diversity

  • Remoteness of the institutions

  • Poor Network Connectivity

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The National Panchayat Portal (NPP)

  • A collaborative, dynamic portal generation and content management & exchange framework

  • Offers a unique identity and presence to each PRI in the country including MoPR and State PR Departments

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NPP – Collaborative Portal Generation

  • Dynamically generates portals for Ministry of Panchayati Raj, all 35 State Panchayati Raj departments, all 560 district panchayats, 6096 intermediate panchayats and 2,40,000 village panchayats in the country

  • Portal site acts as a window to information & services provided by the respective PRI

  • Portals tailored for the respective PRI in terms of

    • Page Layout

    • Content Presentation

    • Language

    • Visual Theme

  • The portals can collaborate with one another to share the resources of the framework such as content, page layout, visual theme, etc.

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NPP – Content Presentation & Organization

  • Portal Pages

    • A PRI portal site may present content in more than one web page format called portal page to cater to different sections of the citizen or different focus areas of the community. For eg., Farmer’s page, Health Page, Student’s Page

  • Portlets

    • Each portal page is divided up into sections called portlets

      • Content Portlets – which may display full or part of the content. Rules can be defined which will determine what content to display in terms of subject area, type, the publisher node etc.

      • Navigation Portlets – where content could be organized by subject area, content type, local categorization scheme or a combination of all of these

      • Opinion Portlets

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Portlet organized by Content Type

Portlet that displays only News and Events

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NPP – Language Support

  • Each PRI portal site could use one or more languages used by its community

  • UNICODE standards-based

    • Hindi, English and other regional languages (which have been UNICODE enabled)

    • Easier to mix languages, share with others

  • Multiple language support on each portal site

  • Easy switching to another language supported by the site without disconnecting from the site

  • User-friendly screens to add or customize a language version as per local needs

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NPP – Powerful Search Facility

  • Simple Search: by word or phrase (exact or any word)

  • Metadata-based search: based on Dublin-Core metadata tags used to define the content such as subject, author, date published or status etc.

  • Search in title, abstract, typed text or attached files (doc, pdf,ppt etc.) of the content item

  • Search across multiple languages supported by the site

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NPP – Visual Themes

  • A visual theme defines the colour scheme, header images, logos etc.

  • Each PRI can define its own theme

  • The theme for a PRI portal site can be set simply by selecting a theme for the site

  • PRIs can exchange themes amongst themselves

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User Management

  • Role-based Privileges

    • Viewer

    • Contributor

    • Editor

    • Content Manager

    • Site Designer

    • User Manager

    • System Administrator

    • NPP provides two user groups by default: citizen, operator & manager

    • Each PRI could use the default user groups or create their own user groups as per their need

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NPP - Authentication

  • General public need not login to browse the information provided by the portal site

  • General public can, however, self-register as citizens to take advantage of facilities provided by portal site for authenticated users such as messaging facility

  • PRI officials must login if they want to do more than just browse the site.

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NPP – Content Management

  • Content Creation

    • Content can be created in any UNICODE supported language in which the PRI desires to work

    • Content can be tagged with appropriate metadata to

      • enhance search capabilities

      • Automatically organize content

      • and share content among PRIs

    • Content can be classified by subject areas relevant to PRIs and the type of content

    • Content may be either typed in or may be in the form of external sources such as URL or attached files (audio, video files).

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NPP – Content Management

  • Content Editing & Versioning

    • Content created may be selectively edited by authorized users

    • Editors may be authorized to add more information

    • Versions of content can be maintained (if the same content is being used by other sites)

  • Content Publishing

    • Content may be automatically published or may be moderated/reviewed before it is published on the portal site

  • Content Indexing

    • Any newly created or edited content is automatically indexed to enable easy searching, sharing and organizing of content

  • Garbage Management

    • Content may be archived either manually or automatically

    • Rejected or deleted content are auotmatically removed from the system

  • Content Flow Management

    • The framework could be set up to ensure that content flows in the desired fashion

    • Different users can contribute different information to the content

    • The workflow itself may be defined within a single site or across distributed sites in different systems

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NPP – Collaborative Content Management within a Site

  • Each site could be configured to allow content flow across various users to ensure that the content is appropriately edited, approved and then published.

  • Currently, each site has two types of users: operator and manager

    • Operator can create and edit content

    • Manager can edit content created by operators as well as self

    • Only managers can publish content




Edit/ Approve


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NPP - Messaging

  • Provides message facility to send 'mails' between users of different PRI sites.

  • This could be used by citizens to send messages to one another as well as to PRI officials and vice versa, without a need to access an e-mail server and Internet

  • Users may belong to different PRI portal sites which may be distributed across systems

  • Similar to e.g. Yahoo mail, but works without Internet.

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NPP – Future Directions

  • NPP – A semantic Web Portal

    • Already, NPP captures metadata related to content.

    • Further, some basic common classification has been achieved by standardizing on subject areas and types of content (which are same for all government agencies). This gives capability to search across languages in a given subject area or type of content

    • It is proposed to semantically enhance the current search capability of NPP by linking it to domain ontology

    • This would enable users to query for information or services across portal sites and across languages using any domain-specific concept

    • Further, it is proposed to enhance the portal framework as an ontology-building tool

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Open eNRICH v4.0 - The engine that powers NPP

  • An Open Source software developed by NIC, in collaboration with OneWorld International Foundation, an international NGO based in London and UNESCO

  • Available in public domain

  • Runs on both Windows (XP, 2000 Professional and Server) as well as Linux platform

  • Can be viewed through Internet Explorer 6.0, Mozilla FireFox 1.0.6 and Opera

  • Designed to deliver high performance in a minimum infrastructure environment as well as in a high-access intensive environment

  • Designed to be used as community portal by rural communities with minimum/poor infrastructure as well as by collaborating government agencies as an e-Governance portal framework

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Potential Uses of Open eNRICH v4.0

  • Open eNRICH v4.0 is going to be used to create

    • A network of Community Portals – The Open Knowledge Network (OKN), a UN-G8 Initiative will be powered by Open eNRICH v4.0

    • Likely to be used in Mission 2007 project sites

  • Open eNRICH v4.0 can be used to create

    • A National Government Portal Network – National Panchayat Portal would be the biggest government network in the world

    • Intra Department portal to cater to the needs of the employees