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Definition: Privacy. Psychology: Selective access to oneself or one’s group. Legal: The right to be left alone What is the difference between privacy and secrecy ? Both are concerned with boundaries and restricted access. A. Westin: Typology of Privacy. Solitude Intimacy Anonymity

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definition privacy
Definition: Privacy
  • Psychology: Selective access to oneself or one’s group.
  • Legal: The right to be left alone
  • What is the difference between privacy and secrecy? Both are concerned with boundaries and restricted access.
a westin typology of privacy
A. Westin: Typology of Privacy
  • Solitude
  • Intimacy
  • Anonymity
  • Reserve

Westin, A. (1976). Privacy and freedom. New York: Atheneum.

functions of privacy
Functions of Privacy
  • Personal autonomy
  • Emotional release
  • Self-evaluation
  • Limited and protected communication
the seven deadly sins from pope gregory i 590 604
The Seven Deadly Sins from Pope Gregory I (590-604)
  • Pride
  • Envy
  • Gluttony
  • Lust
  • Anger
  • Greed
  • Sloth (acedia)
slide6
Privileged communication

Altman’s dialectical model of privacy

What is a dialectical model?

privacy mechanisms
Privacy Mechanisms
  • Verbal content
  • Verbal structure
  • Nonverbal mechanisms
    • Eye contact research
    • Spatial invasion studies
    • Facial gestures
privacy mechanisms1
Privacy Mechanisms
  • Environmentally based mechanisms
    • Office design
    • Barriers around the house (landscaping)
    • Clothing
motivating the use of mass transportation
Motivating the Use of Mass Transportation
  • Mass transit systems advertise on the basis of economy, environmental benefits, etc.
  • The advertising is based upon a model of the rational individual
  • How might privacy needs be recognized
  • Could mass transportation vehicles be designed to enhance the commuter’s privacy needs
privacy mechanisms2
Privacy Mechanisms
  • Culturally based mechanisms
    • Variations in cultural patterns in personal space, touching, crowding, territory
    • E. Goffman’s notion of “on and off stage”
    • Use of rooms with limited access (bedrooms, bathrooms)
film beyond shelter
Film: Beyond Shelter
  • How do the various designs seen in the film either facilitate or hamper privacy needs?
  • What is the relationship between privacy and perceived control over the environment?