Definition: Privacy • Psychology: Selective access to oneself or one’s group. • Legal: The right to be left alone • What is the difference between privacy and secrecy? Both are concerned with boundaries and restricted access.
A. Westin: Typology of Privacy • Solitude • Intimacy • Anonymity • Reserve Westin, A. (1976). Privacy and freedom. New York: Atheneum.
Functions of Privacy • Personal autonomy • Emotional release • Self-evaluation • Limited and protected communication
The Seven Deadly Sins from Pope Gregory I (590-604) • Pride • Envy • Gluttony • Lust • Anger • Greed • Sloth (acedia)
Privileged communication Altman’s dialectical model of privacy What is a dialectical model?
Privacy Mechanisms • Verbal content • Verbal structure • Nonverbal mechanisms • Eye contact research • Spatial invasion studies • Facial gestures
Privacy Mechanisms • Environmentally based mechanisms • Office design • Barriers around the house (landscaping) • Clothing
Motivating the Use of Mass Transportation • Mass transit systems advertise on the basis of economy, environmental benefits, etc. • The advertising is based upon a model of the rational individual • How might privacy needs be recognized • Could mass transportation vehicles be designed to enhance the commuter’s privacy needs
Privacy Mechanisms • Culturally based mechanisms • Variations in cultural patterns in personal space, touching, crowding, territory • E. Goffman’s notion of “on and off stage” • Use of rooms with limited access (bedrooms, bathrooms)
Film: Beyond Shelter • How do the various designs seen in the film either facilitate or hamper privacy needs? • What is the relationship between privacy and perceived control over the environment?