130 likes | 245 Views
Sustaining Rural Broadband . Anjan Ghosh Regional Director - Corporate Affairs July , 4 th , 2011. Studies show broadband drives economic growth.
E N D
SustainingRural Broadband Anjan Ghosh Regional Director - Corporate Affairs July, 4th , 2011
Studies show broadband drives economic growth • “In low- and middle-income countries, every 10 percentage point increase in broadband penetration corresponds to an increase in economic growth of 1.38 percentage points – more than in high-income countries and more than for other telecommunications services”. World Bank report. 2010 • “Because broadband networks have the potential to contribute so much to economic development, they should be widely available at affordable prices and should become an integral part of national development strategies”. World Band, 2009. • “Broadband can help generate jobs, growth, productivity and long-term economic competitiveness.” Dr. Toure, Secretary-General ITU • “We call for the objective of reaching half of the global population connected to broadband internet by 2015”. Broadband Council declaration endorsed by Secretary-General UNO. NY. Sep 2010 Building Broadband: Strategies and Policies for the Developing World, World Bank, at 2 (Jan. 2010), available at http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTINFORMATIONANDCOMMUNICATIONANDTECHNOLOGIES/Resource s/282822-1208273252769/Building_broadband.pdf
Key factors driving adoption BB Plans/Tax/Subsidies policies policies
Price of broadband impacts ICT adoption 34 countries needs > one salary Most of EMs Mature Markets 3% income threshold • “The main barrier to get access to ICT is the cost of Broadband”. • While the cost of Broadband in developed countries is less than 3% of GNI per capita, the average cost in developing economies is 10%+ • There are 34 countries where the cost is higher than the monthly income • Source: ITU Measuring of ICT development. Feb 2010
CM If BB costs 3% or more of income, then, 80% of BRIC+TIM population cannot afford it. Sources: Euro monitor, CIA Fact book, ITU, Intel
Intel® Learn • What is it? Community based ICT ed. Program, designed in collaboration with government agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) delivered through community technology centers or school labs. . • Target audience Youth (ages 8-25 years) from underserved communities with little or no computer skills • Learning objectives Development of 21st Century Learning Skills: • Technology literacy • Problem solving and other forms of critical thinking • Collaboration and teamwork • 10 countries, 1 million learners
Empowering girls • 24 year old Shahana, belonging to an orthodox family in a remote village in the state of Kerala in India. • The program not only empowered her as an individual, entrepreneur but also made her arole model for many in her community. • She also says that the program has made her a better mother; she wants her own children to imbibe the skills she has learnt. “At the age of 24, I learnt to talk to others. I learnt to express my views in a confident manner. It was like I was reborn” Winner of the Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) woman exemplar award in 2008
Intel Easy Steps A basic technology literacy program, for adult learners with little or no experience with computers. Basics of computers, enabling usage to see relevance to daily lives. • Internet Search • Email • Word Processing • Spreadsheets • Multimedia Empowers learners to communicate with friends, family and business associates though email, research and access information on the Internet, create resumes, flyers, invitations, budgets, business documents, presentations, and more.
Intel Easy Steps: Partners and Target Audience Partner Organizations: • Government agencies, community organizations, and local service providers with existing delivery channels • Beneficiaries/End Users: • Those who need or desire ICT skills for workforce skills and/or economic self-sufficiency. Eg: • Rural women • Rural entrepreneurs • Unemployed/Underemployed • Special populations on margins of society • Government field staff • Others requiring digital literacy for their occupation or civic engagement
Intel® Easy Steps – Some Key Partnerships Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS) - India (Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports Government of India) • Empowering 50K Youth Leaders in 200 districts of India on basic IT skills Digital Empowerment Foundation(DEF) - India • DP envisages to create 250K Panchayat websites • Make 500K individuals, Panchayat Functionaries ICT literate PRATHAM - India • Train more than 80K youths on basic IT skills across 10-15 states of India TESDA-Philippines. • Providedigital literacy to 150K graduates across 126 TESDA centers across Philippines. CICT: Commission of ICT Philippines • Reach out to 1000 plus CECs for providing access to public services to benefit from ICT in daily life. MSD – Malaysia • Reach out to adult populace through over 100 CBC’s Telecenter.org Foundation: • Empower women on basic digital literacy, across 40 countries