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Folk and Popular Culture AP Human Geography
This unit covers…. • Ch. 4- Folk and Popular Culture (2 weeks) • Ch. 5- Language (1 week) • Ch. 6- Religion (2 weeks) • Ch. 7- Ethnicity (1 week) • 6 weeks total
Cultural Landscape • Review: What is meant by cultural landscape? • The impact of human activity/ culture on the natural landscape of a place.
Folk vs. Popular Culture Folk Culture Popular Culture • Practiced by small groups • Isolated/ regional • Small scale • Remains the same over time. • Gives groups of people unique identities. • Practiced by large parts of society • Large scale/ widespread • Through globalization, spreads quickly. • May change rapidly • May threaten folk culture
Folk vs. Popular Culture: Clothing Kente Cloth Popular fashion
Folk vs. Popular Culture: Music Irish Folk Music World renowned band U2
Folk vs. Popular Culture: Housing Typical suburban box house New England Cape Cod
Folk vs. Popular Culture: Dance Footworking (Chicago) Electric Slide
Folk vs. Popular Culture: Food Popular in Chicago Popular Worldwide
Folk vs. Popular Culture: Sports American Football (popular in the U.S.) Football/ Futbol/ Soccer (most popular sport globally)
Material vs. Non-material culture Material Culture Non-material Culture • The things people construct. • Art • Housing • Clothing • Music • Sports • Food • Beliefs, practices, and values of a group of people. • Religion • Government • Laws/rules
The Diffusion of Culture Folk Culture Popular Culture • Diffuses primarily through relocation of a group. • Ex. The Amish • Originally migrate from Europe to the U.S. (Pennsylvania, NY, Ohio) • Do not use modern technology, inc. electricity or autos • Hierarchical diffusion • Ex. Spread of fashion through hearths, models, celebs, etc.
Cultural Taboo • A restriction on a certain behavior within a culture • Use of electricity in Amish culture • Pre-marital sex in most religions. • Eating of beef in Hindu cultures. • Women showing skin in strict Arab cultures. • Committing a taboo may result in punishment, embarrassment, shunning, or shame.
Terms Related to Culture • Acculturation • When a less dominant culture adopts traits of a more influential one. • Assimilation • Those exposed to a new culture completely lose their original cultural identity. • Ethnocentrism • Judging another culture by the standards of your own culture, implying that your culture is superior. • Cultural Relativism • Judging a culture by it’s own standards.