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Leonard Barrie and Ghassem Asrar Directors of Research World Meteorological Organization Lbarrie@wmo.int or gasrar@wmo.int. A Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) . WWRP-WCRP Workshop on Seasonal to Sub-seasonal Prediction, UKMO, Exeter 1-3 Dec. 2010. Acknowledgement:

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slide1
Leonard Barrie and Ghassem AsrarDirectors of Research World Meteorological Organization

Lbarrie@wmo.int or gasrar@wmo.int

A Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS)

WWRP-WCRP Workshop on Seasonal to Sub-seasonal Prediction,

UKMO, Exeter 1-3 Dec. 2010

Acknowledgement:

Recent reports from G.Love (WMO Secretariat), Angus Friday(HLT), Jan Egeland (HLT)

outline
OUTLINE
  • Mandate for WCRP/WWRP collaboration on seasonal-subseasonal forecasting
  • The origin of GFCS
  • The scoping of GFCS by a high level intergovernmental task force (HLT) and the current state of progress.
  • Next steps in GFCS development
  • Some features of the evolving GFCS concept
slide3

A Report of the Executive Council Task Team (EC-RTT)

on

Research Aspects of an Enhanced Climate, Weather, Water and

Environmental Prediction Framework

June 2009

slide4

C. Core Service Delivery Mechanisms For Forecasts/Predictions

WMO DPFS

GFCS

Earth System Science

WWRP-THORPEX, GAW

Numerical Weather Prediction

WCRP, GAW

Climate Modelling

B. Research Communities Meet

A. Mix of Research & Operations

Research

Operations

Research

Research

Operations

Nowcasts

Day to Month

Weather Forecasts

Seasonal/Inter-annual

Prediction

Decadal

Prediction

Decadal

To Century

Time Scale Dependence Of Three Different Characteristics Of Weather, Climate, Water and Environmental Prediction Activities

slide5

~105 Participants; 39 Delegations; 5 Proxy Delegations (121 CAS Members)

Incheon Korea November 2009

outcome of cas xv on research at the weather climate interface
Outcome of CAS XV on Research at theWeather-Climate Interface

7.3.3 CAS requested the JSCs of the WWRP and the WCRP and also the THORPEX ICSC to set up an appropriate collaborative structure to carry out an international research initiative on sub-seasonal to seasonal forecasting. It recommended that this is closely coordinated with the existing CBS infrastructure for long-range forecasting (with centres producing long-range forecasts and regional climate centres) and with the future developments in WMO climate service delivery and the Global Framework for Climate Services called for in the High-Level Declaration of WCC-3.

outcomes of the third world climate conference aug 2009
OUTCOMES OF THE THIRDWORLD CLIMATE CONFERENCE – Aug. 2009

Conference statement from an Expert Segment

Conference Declaration from a Hi-Level Segment recommending a GFCS to be implemented through a high level task force (HLT)

Conference report and proceedings

conclusions from the expert segment
CONCLUSIONS FROM THE EXPERT SEGMENT
  • Present capabilities to provide effective climate services fall far short of meeting present and future needs
  • There is an urgent need for much closer partnership between the providers and users of climate services
  • Major new and strengthened research efforts are required to increase the time range and skill of climate prediction
  • Observations are an essential component
inter governmental meeting on gfcs 11 12 january 2010 geneva
Inter-governmental Meeting on GFCS 11-12 January 2010 Geneva

Set the Terms of Reference for a High Level Taskforce (HLT)

Established the Membership of the Taskforce based on a proposal by the WMO’s Secretary-General

Agreed that WMO Secretariat in Geneva will host an Inter-governmental secretariat for the HLT

www.wmo.int/hlt-gfcs/

composition of the taskforce
Michel Jarraud (WMO Co-chair)

Joaquim Chissano (Mozambique)

Angus Friday (Grenada)

Ricard Lagos (Chile)

Khotso Mokhele (S. Africa)

Cristina Narbona Ruiz (Spain)

Qin Dahe (China)

Jan Egeland (Norway) Co-Chair

Eugenia Kalnay (Argentina/USA)

Julia Martin-Lefevre (Hungary/France/USA)

Chiaki Mukai (Japan)

Rajendra Singh Paroda (India)

Emil Salim (Indonesia)

Fiama Naomi Mata’Afa (Samoa)

Mahmoud Abu-Zied (Egypt)

Composition of the Taskforce
why a framework for climate services
Why a FRAMEWORK for Climate Services?
  • Important research does not move rapidly to climate services for the most vulnerable
  • Climate services do not get the last mile to those who need them the most because there are gaps in the:
    • global distribution of scientists, engineers and other tertiary educated people
    • observation networks supporting climate services

Jan Egland Co-chair HLT

scope of work of the hlt
Scope of Work of the HLT

In one year do the following:

  • Define the components of GFCS and their roles, responsibilities, and capabilities within the GFCS
  • Clearly illustrate how GFCS will assist the integration of climate information and services into national planning, policy and programmes
  • Develop options for governance
  • Outline a plan for implementation
  • Take into account the special needs of Africa, Small Island Developing States (SIDS), Least Developed Countries (LDCs), and Land-Locked Developing Countries (LLDCs);
structure of the hlt report
STRUCTURE OF THE HLT REPORT

Part I

A succinct description of the current global climate services capability –The supply side

Part II

Discussion with a series of case studies illustrating as to why the Global Framework for Climate Services is required (Fill the gaps)– The demand side

Part III

This section should provide a clear vision of what the new global framework would look like – The Implementation Strategy and Options for Governance.

slide14
Principles Adopted In Developing

The Implementation Strategy

  • All countries will benefit, but priority should be given to the needs of climate-vulnerable poor countries;
  • The primary focus must be greater access and use of climate information by users;
  • Framework activities should address three spatial scales: global, regional and national;
  • Climate information is primarily a public good and should be made widely available;
  • The Framework should respect national and international data policies while encouraging global, free and open exchange of climate-relevant data; and,
  • The role of the Framework should be to facilitate and strengthen and not duplicate.
timeline from 1 november 2010
Timeline (from 1 November 2010)

1 Nov Draft HLT Report on the web for government and expert review.

22 Nov. Review period ends

30 Nov. Final-1 version completed by the HLT secretariat

1 Dec. Final-1 version of report sent to HLT members

13-15 Dec. HLT-5 Geneva. HLT members comment on Final Report and discuss follow-up activities.

12 Jan. 2011 FINAL version of the Report completed taking into account of feedback from HLT-5.

May 2010 Present to the WMO Congress (Cg 16) and to Secretary-General of the UN.

slide18

GFCS Priorities

  • In the first four years give priority to:
    • Agriculture
    • Disaster risk reduction
    • Water
    • Health
slide19
The GFCS will establish:

A global system to routinely generate and exchange climate data and data products

Upgrade the climate service capacities in low-capacity countries to a baseline level

A governance mechanism

GFCS Implementation Goals

objective for 2016
Objective for 2016
  • A global, operational climate services system.
  • Continuous upgrading of climate services in developing countries.
  • User oriented creation of new services.
  • A governance mechanism that drives Framework development.
slide23

GFCS components

(Schematic from presentation of Jan Egland)

slide24

C. Core Service Delivery Mechanisms For Forecasts/Predictions

WMO DPFS

GFCS

Earth System Science

WWRP-THORPEX, GAW

Numerical Weather Prediction

WCRP, GAW

Climate Modelling

B. Research Communities Meet

A. Mix of Research & Operations

Research

Operations

Research

Research

Operations

Nowcasts

Day to Month

Weather Forecasts

Seasonal/Inter-annual

Prediction

Decadal

Prediction

Decadal

To Century

Time Scale Dependence Of Three Different Characteristics Of Weather, Climate, Water and Environmental Prediction Activities