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The Pedagogy of Liturgy. Teaching Ministry Faith Formation Christian Education. Remembering our purpose: . There is a word, that is a very important word to the faith formation of every person There is a word, that is a very important word to the worship of every congregation

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the pedagogy of liturgy

The Pedagogy of Liturgy

Teaching Ministry

Faith Formation

Christian Education

remembering our purpose
Remembering our purpose:

There is a word, that is a very important word to the faith formation of every person

There is a word, that is a very important word to the worship of every congregation

There is a word, that is a very important word that will shape every teaching moment in the church.

remembering our purpose3
Remembering our Purpose:

The word is a Greek word,

an am ne sis anamnesis: much more than remembering: do this in remembrance of me.

Teaching in our liturgy is:

to make the past known in the present:

  • proclaim Christ’s death
  • proclaim Christ’s resurrection
  • proclaim Christ’s teaching, healing and preaching
remembering our purpose4
Remembering our Purpose

To make known Christ’s presence today in community through:





remembering our purpose5
Remembering Our Purpose

Presentation of the Word:

1. Scripture Presentation: Telling the Story

  • Reading: Preparing the reader: voice, articulation, pronunciation, context: Teaching for the reading
  • Tableaux: Dramatic Presentation of the Scripture
  • Hymnody: Theological reflection of the Word
  • Prayer formulation in relationship to Scripture
remembering our purpose6
Remembering Our Purpose

2. Preaching

Martin Luther: First of all a good preacher must be able to teach correctly and in an orderly manner.

C.H. Dodd, “History and Gospel” Preaching the Gospel is not the same thing as teaching, delivering moral instruction and exhorting the people. The early church did not make converts by teaching, even passing on the teaching of the Lord. It is by kerygma, not be didache.

Thomas Groome: Christian Education is a group of Christians sharing in dialogue their critical reflection on present action in light of the Christian Story and its vision toward the end of the lived Christian Faith

remembering our purpose7
Remembering Our Purpose

Components of a Teaching Sermon:

Kerygma:is that part of the Gospel proclamation directed toward the transmission of the sacred story that is foundational to Christian Faith

Didache: is that part of the Gospel teaching directed toward Christian Character, Christian identity and way of life

Good preaching keeps them in conversation with each other!

remembering our purpose8
Remembering Our Purpose

Proclamation in Faith:

Living Word is mediated through preaching.

Clarification of Christian life, responsibilities and doctrines is through teaching.

remembering our purpose9
Remembering Our Purpose

3. Sacrament:

Teaching for Baptism

Teaching for The Lord’s Supper

And other offices:

Teaching for Marriage

Teaching for a variety of vocations in the church, lay and ordained.

Teaching for healing and reconciliation

Teaching for dying

Teaching for Social Justice

in our teaching ministry we have learned
In our Teaching Ministry we have learned:

In this class we have

  • Developed a format for lesson planning and critiquing lessons
  • Developed a Teacher Training Session
  • Reflected on our identity as teachers and our individual theology of teaching
  • Engaged in moral development and faith development theories
  • Reflected on theology of children and youth and how we will teach them and how they teach us.
  • Considered implications for different learning and thinking styles

In this class we have:

  • Shared Resource and curriculum ideas for faith formation
  • Experienced a variety of pedagogical approaches to a gathered learning community: didactic, learner centered, concept centered, rotation method, learning center, media centered, and discovery and pedagogy of the oppressed
  • Used a variety of media.
  • Asked the question is the Holy Spirit ever referred to in the feminine? Yes Matthew 3:16
  • Considered some implications and need for anti-racism training in relationship to Christian Formation

In this class:

  • We experienced individual learning, small group learning.
  • Process of Appreciative Inquiry in forming learning goals
  • Process of Authority of Generations
  • Developed components of faithful ministry with children, inclusion in liturgy.
  • Developed components of faithful ministry with youth.
  • Discussed characteristics of the generations.
  • Learned about the “Search Institute” in terms of demographics of Christian Formation and Denominational experiences.

In this class:

  • Checked our learning goals
  • Demonstrated integration of information in reflection papers.
  • Learned ways of managing polarities, that is problems that are not solvable.
case study for teaching ministry
Case Study for Teaching ministry

Approaching faith formation through the teaching liturgy:

1. Asking the questions:

a. What is the history of Christian Education in the congregation?

b. Who are the teachers, what kind of experiences have they had to prepare them for teaching? What is their faith? And what is their theology of teaching?

C What is the integrative vision or mission or purpose of the church school? And how does it relate to the faith formation goals of the congregation?

case study
Case Study

Asking the question?

Is there a related goal or objective in content or method for life long formation?

What is the curriculum? How much Scripture and Church history will learners experience?

Does the curriculum relate to the liturgy?

What is the theology of worship? That is how would you describe the worship experience and does it relate to the learning experiences?

case study16
Case Study

How is the liturgy the work of the people?

How are your congregation members prepared for worship?








case study17
Case Study

How do you develop your teaching/learning experiences?

  • Liturgical seasons
  • Issue or concept based ie soteriology,parousia,
  • eschatology, ways of prayer
  • AIDS, War, Poverty
  • concerns of community: stewardship, evangelism, pastoral care…
  • Moral and Ethical development, ways of thinking and decision making; learning from liturgy
  • Social Justice and prayer
case study18
Case Study

How is your building or worship space used?

  • Purpose of outside groups in relationship to mission/worship and education
  • Schedule for teaching times/worship times
  • Adult life long formation
  • Young Adult life long formation
  • Youth life long formation
  • Children/life long formation
  • Intergenerational faith formation
  • Retreat times for congregation/teaching through the liturgy
case study19
Case Study

Liturgy as foundational

Communal function:

Life in the congregation should be a sign to the world of what life in God’s reign looks like.


How do members of the congregation respond to young people? Elderly? Differently abled? Poor, and those who are vulnerable?

Greeting new folks, how we talk about and to each other, how we organize our life and make decisions and choose leaders reveals our faith development

ask the question
Ask the Question

Are we a smaller congregation, mission or pastoral size, trying to be a program or corporate size congregation?


Tthe hidden teaching expectations of our Teaching ministry curriculum:

Many available professional teachers

Many available leaders who have a passion for formation

An hour “program” opportunity that is developmentally segmented.

educational characteristics
Educational Characteristics

A model for education:One size does not fit all

Mission or Family: usually one worship service

Urban:Total Baptismal ministry: BIBLE/CREED/MINISTRY/SCAREMENTS

Educate for independence! Call out gifts..share the message with neighbors..Theology of Abundance/social justice. Small gatherings, even in homes, for formation

Flexibility in offering times/central vision/gathered community

Rural: Teach for the capacity of the church to make its witness. Break down isolation through clustering possibilities( coordination with other congregations either ecumenical/or/inter-denominational: Mission Team: teaching for mutual ministry of all ages

educational characteristics22
Educational Characteristics

Pastoral :very relational;dynamic, new models (50-150)

1. Clergy are central leadership thus teaching for leadership, leadership that is collegial is important: Pastoral care teams, teaching ministry teams: Life long formation structure to include intergenerational activities/gathered church school for a particular lesson with developmentally appropriate options. Retreat settings work very well. Teaching for and from liturgy is essential. Music ministry may be the way.

2. Adaptive work: engage in the beliefs, the attitudes and expectations of the congregation or the internal culture of the congregation through intentional adult education that includes reflection on worship and Ministry of daily life.

3. Community lies at the heart of Gospel life and mission

4. Organization of teaching around the vision/mission of the congregation

educational characteristics23
Educational Characteristics

PROGRAM (150-350)

1. Forming small learning communities is essential. Many cells of activity. Greater leadership capacity, ordained not central to mission and vision.

2. Bring together diverse elements with a vision and mission and base teaching around that vision or mission. Worship central, usually several worship opportunities that relate to strong music ministry. Consider the connection between music and teaching.

3. Faith formation of adults essential, usually developmentally segregated classrooms. Strong lay ministry. Usually Sunday School, Children’s Ministry, Youth Ministry, Elder Ministry all separated.

4. Teach for administration, pastoral care, Teach for communication.

5. Higher Budget for Formation and Youth activities

6. Mission trips/Teacher Training/Global dimension/commitment to Renewal of Baptismal ministry and equipping the saints. Ministry for daily life, evangelism and seeker tools

educational characteristics24
Educational Characteristics

Corporate (350 and more active members)

1. Purchased curriculum is often used. Schedule difficulties because of multi-use of building

2. Dynamic charismatic speakers, preachers, which generate energy, the key is to provide teaching that does the same.

3. Budget that supports many activities for adult formation, children, youth and young adult

4. Small learning communities where relational is developed in the context of faith formation is essential for stability and growth

5. Many leaders to choose from; gift discernment in relationship to faith formation is essential.

6. Multiple staff who work collegially evidenced in Sunday liturgy.

case study25
Case Study

After asking the questions, and understanding the culture of the congregation….

What do we do?

we could
We Could

Run from our responsibilities:

we could27
We Could

Take the weight of responsibility into our lives and shoulder it:

we could28
We Could

Continuously multi-task and never take a break until we can no longer keep our teaching and learning lives spinning

we could29
We could

Become very angry at the irresponsible members of our congregation. After all are they really Christian?

we could30
We could

Respond out of all the love that God has given us and become a co-creator with God



If indeed our teaching ministry supports our liturgy our communal life of prayer, we need to ask:

How is it with our prayer life? The liturgy is the breath of God, the incarnate body breathing its life as an offering to God.

What do we learn in/from/during our prayers?

About ourselves, those whom we serve, those who are our enemies?


Consider the church to be an educational community rather than a program.

Engage in:

Daily and weekly participation in liturgy

Reflective observation of liturgy

What are the implications ofobservations?

Create new concepts


Calling out of gifts: A teaching approach from a theology of abundance rather than scarcity

Teaching and leading others to name the gifts in the community. Taking a positive look at others and seeing them in the image of God

Gift of Song

gift of story telling

gift of prayer

gift of interpretation of prayers

gift of organization


Teach for change

Teach for growth

Teach for welcoming the stranger


As Tertullian, a third-century theologian commented: “Christians are made, not born”

a model from scripture
A Model From Scripture

Consider the Biblical Characteristics of the early church, which functioned in a non-Christian world. What did it’s teaching ministry look like?

Importance of household and baptism

Liturgy central/ consider each Gospel as an expression of liturgy

Teaching for preparation of sacrament

an educational model from present culture
An educational model from present culture

Willow Creek:

Seekers curriculum

Providing multiple teaching and worship experiences that include newest technology

“Cell” Group learning and mentoring emphasis

Small group worship planning

a model from the life of the saints
A model from the life of the saints

FrancisMother Theresa

rebuild the church serve the poor

prayer that leads to serving prayer and serving

Ministry of daily presence ministry of presence

Retreat from institutional church create small communities

Triune God of Creation “I Thirst”

Contemplation and Love Joy and Love

teaching for the sacraments and pastoral life of the church
Teaching for the Sacraments and pastoral life of the church

Preparation for marriage as teaching ministry

role and responsibility of community

Preparation for death as teaching ministry

Preparation for confirmation as teaching ministry

above all remember the church is called
Above all RememberThe Church is called:

To be a missionary church not a maintenance church:

Our Teaching is a call to be faithful

Teaching to reflect critically on society

Learn how to resist the negative influences.

Strategize how we act in ways affect daily lives.

life cycle of teaching ministry program
Life Cycle of teaching ministry Program


Rapid change




mistakes are ok



high energy

time frame: Present

life cycle of teaching ministry program41
Life Cycle of Teaching Ministry Program


Focused energy

rapid growth

increase in people involved

more of everything

open to feedback

time frame: future

life cycle of teaching ministry program42
Life Cycle of Teaching Ministry Program




status quo

no change

no mistakes

closed to feedback

time frame: blurred

life cycle of teaching ministry program43
Life Cycle of Teaching Ministry Program


hanging on


obsession with past

drop-off in participation and energy

resistance to change

time frame: nostalgia: past


note the relationship of worship and teaching
Note the relationship of worship and teaching

One wonders is there a connection between teaching and worship?

Upgrade your teaching ministry:

The Challenge: Discovery of Teaching Ministry as compassionate education of the soul deeply reflective of liturgy, inclusive, multicultural, seeks justice, mission oriented with a focus on the whole person.