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burst spectrogram. speech formant. The following spectrogram is:. answer. “formant”. burst first. bust Bert. The following spectrogram is:. answer. “burst” unaspirated labial stop very low F3 together with F2, vowel-like then sonorant-like s voiceless alveolar. intend intone.

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the following spectrogram is
burst

spectrogram

speech

formant

The following spectrogram is:
answer
answer

“formant”

answer6
answer

“burst”

unaspirated labial stop

very low F3 together with F2,

vowel-like then sonorant-like

s

voiceless alveolar

answer9
answer

“intend”

very short vowel

nasal

aspirated alveolar stop

lowish front vowel

nasal

alveolar

answer11
answer

“dog”

answer13
answer

“rabbit”

answer15
answer

“cat”

answer17
answer

“hamster”

answer19
Answer:

“Rolfe”

answer21
Answer:

“Dodd”

answer23
Answer:

“Dickson”

answer25
answer

“Ackerman”

answer27
answer

“Public Policy”

answer29
answer

“black”

answer31
answer

“yellow”

answer33
answer

“pink”

answer35
answer

“purple”

answer37
answer

“navy blue”

answer39
answer

“zebra”

answer41
answer

“donkey”

answer43
answer

“tiger”

answer45
answer

“buffalo”

answer47
answer

“bacon”

answer49
answer

“butter”

answer51
answer

“banana”

answer54
answer

“pitch”

aspiration

high F2 but not lowest F1

affricate with noise at vowel F3

answer56
answer

“formant”

weak fricative

F1 and F2 together, not a low vowel

F3 dives for /r/

nasal

another nasal or weak vowel

voiceless stop with high frequencies

answer58
answer

“nut”

sonorant (strong voicing) with abrupt end, then falling F2 into vowel

glottalized voiceless stop with high-frequency release burst

answer60
answer

“pun”

initial aspiration might look like a fricative, but note the voiceless formants

final sonorant has a voiced-stop release (a little bit of vowel after)

answer62
answer

“sap”

High F1 means low vowel

F2 is also high

answer64
answer

“soap”

Diphthong headed for /u/

F1 doesn’t start really high

consonant reading65
Consonant reading

lots of weak noise hard to see

clue

answer66
answer

“rough”

answer68
answer

“luck”

answer70
answer

“up”

(irregular glottal vibrations at beginning is glottalization, common in vowel-initial words)

consonant reading71
Consonant reading

lots of weak noise hard to see

clue

answer72
answer

“rough”

clue = low F3, for /r/

answer74
answer

“luck”

clues = high F3 for /l/,

double burst for velar

answer76
answer

“up”

clue = irregular glottal vibrations at beginning is glottalization, common in vowel-initial words

answer78
answer

“sub”

clue = closure voicing before burst

answer80
answer

“mush”

clues =weak sonorant with abrupt end; fricative noise strong at F3 of vowel

answer82
answer

“bug”

clues =velar pinch; compact double burst (hard to see)