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Special Dietary Needs in Child Nutrition Programs Lesson 3: Managing Food Allergies. Summarize key components regarding food allergies. Explain ways food service personnel can prevent exposing children with allergies to the allergen. Learning Objectives. Food Allergies. Definition Symptoms
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Definition: Food intolerance is an
adverse reaction to food that does not involve the immune system.
Preventing exposure to allergens in the kitchen.
Preventing exposure to allergens in the cafeteria and throughout the school.
Special Ed Connection, January 16, 2008
1. Special diet must be related to a child's disability.
2. Special diet must be determined by IEP Team as a related service that is required to receive a free appropriate public education. While a physician's note might be required for meal substitutions, etc., only IEP team can conclude that a service (diet, transportation, nursing, etc.) is a "related service" that would be funded by special education dollars.
3. LEA's nutrition service, as a "related service" provider, should participate in IEP Team discussions of special diets as a related service.
4. Special diet must be based on "peer reviewed research to extent practicable". Controversial dietary therapies may be lacking in peer-reviewed research. Some dietary therapies have been shown to have negative health effects. IEP team must consider any research brought to its attention about dietary therapies.
5. Special education is payer of last resort. If there are other funds available, those must be used first.
6. Special education funds must supplement, not supplant other state, federal, and local sources of funds. For example, if USDA provides funds for a student's meals, and student's special meals cost $5.00/day, amount that special education funds could pay would be difference between USDA payment and daily cost. If special education funds paid entire amount, that would violate IDEA's supplement-not-supplant clause.
Thomas A. Mayes, Legal Consultant
Bureau of Student & Family Support Services, Iowa Department of Education