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ESMU-HUMANE Second Winter School For Senior Administrators Barcelona, 1-7 March 2004 European Policies for Higher Education and Research Nadine Burquel Secretary-General ESMU Winter School Manager Lisbon European Council (March 2000) Major changes Globalization Knowledge Society

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european policies for higher education and research
European Policies for Higher Education and Research

Nadine Burquel

Secretary-General ESMU

Winter School Manager

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

lisbon european council march 2000
Lisbon European Council (March 2000)
  • Major changes
    • Globalization
    • Knowledge Society
  • EU target
    • Most competitive knowledge-based economy in the world (2010)
    • Capable to sustainable economic growth, with more & better jobs, and greater social cohesion

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

lisbon strategy 2
Lisbon Strategy (2)

HOW ?

  • Need for radical transformation of European economy

(focus - research and innovation)

  • Need for ambitious programme for the modernization of social security and education in Europe

Council – recognizing strong role of education

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

after lisbon
After Lisbon
  • Stockholm European Council (2001)
    • Three strategic goals - European HE
      • Open to the world
      • Quality/standards
      • Access
  • Barcelona European Council (2002)
    • Work programme on Education and Training (2010 horizon)

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

monitoring progress european commission
Monitoring progress (European Commission)
  • 2010 objective will not be achieved without major changes/ faster pace
  • Enlargement Process - even more ambitious
  • Priorities (Commission)
    • the need for coherent strategy in E & T
    • concentration of investment for structured, continued investment in HR in Europe
    • construction of Europe of E & T
    • creation of reference framework for qualifications (E & T) -employability

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

ehea era
EHEA & ERA
  • A two-fold objective
    • External strategy – Europe most competitive, attractive (US/Japan)
    • Internal strategy – consolidation (transparency, mobility, etc…) - European Union a reality (citizens)

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

slide8
ERA
  • “Towards a European Research Area”

(18 January 2000)

    • Analysis of state of EU R&D
    • Argue for a more co-ordinated approach
    • Endorsed by Heads of Government (Lisbon, March 2000), i.e. contribution of ERA in achieving the objective of Europe being the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world by 2010
    • The Sixth Framework Programme (FP6) launched as the single most important instrument for realisation of ERA

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

europe s weaknesses r
Europe’s weaknesses (R)
  • Researchers brain drain to US (rigid career paths)
  • Fragmentation of R in Europe (national research policies); need to pool resources (gaining critical mass)
  • Lack of visibility of Europe’s R
  • Lack of finances for R & I (SMEs)
  • Researchers’ lack of awareness of management IPR
  • Unsufficient creation of spinoffs

Long term effects on Europe - lack of innovation, growth and employment.

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

era 2
ERA (2)
  • Benchmarking national R&D policies
  • Networking (national & joint research programmes)
  • Stimulating innovation
  • Mapping excellence
  • Improving environment for private reseacrh
  • Stimulating researchers’mobility
  • Increasing by 3 % of GDP funding for R (public 1/3 + private 2/3)

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

synergies
Synergies
  • Strong role of regions in promoting the Knowledge Society
  • Synergies established between the European financial instruments (6FP, EIB, structural funds) - more structured response to Lisbon Strategy

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

ehea bologna process
EHEA (Bologna Process)
  • Bologna Process (1999)
    • Simplify structure HE qualifications (readable/comparable degrees) – undergraduate (Ba)/graduate (Ma)
    • ECTS; individual learning paths
    • Mobility in Europe; attracting students from around world
    • High standards (quality)
    • Employability

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

progress to date
Progress to date

Berlin (September 2004), Ministers of Education

  • Common European framework of HE
  • Speed up the process (quality framework, common framework for degrees Ba/Ma; recognition of degrees).
  • Reinforcement of synergies (EHEA/ERA) & link with doctoral studies (third cycle in Bologna Process)
  • From 29 to 40 signatories

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

erasmus mundus
Erasmus Mundus

Launched to

  • strengthen international links in higher education
  • students & visiting scholars (worldwide) - postgraduate study in European universities
  • mobility objective

Basic feature :

  • global scholarship scheme - creation of EU Masters Courses in European universities (internal aspect)
  • Commission intention - opening up European HE to rest of the world (external policy)

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

challenges for european universities
Challenges for European Universities
  • Communication “The role of European Universities in the Europe of Knowledge” (2003) – Strong role for universities
  • Are universities able to play it ? To compete (internal/external) ?
  • Communication - Questions :
    • adequate & sustainable funding for HE ?

(public funding decreasing; private funding ?)

    • efficient financial management of funding; resource (re)allocation to develop excellence ?
    • professional management ?
    • contribution to local and regional needs ?

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

degree of response in your university
Degree of response in your University
  • Managing or resisting to change ? (EU opportunities – EHEA; ERA)
  • Is your university able to compete ?
  • Your university
    • Strategy
    • Management (adapting organisation & administration, structures; staffing)
    • Monitoring progress

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004

a university with major problems
A university with major problems

Could EU policies be an opportunity for change ?

Thank you !

ESMU-HUMANE Winter School 2004