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Managing Forage Shortages on the Goat Farm. Jeff Fisher Extension Educator Pike County . Situation 2007. Late Freeze in April Dry in May Hay Crop of 50-60 % Hot, dry summer Reduced pasture yield Little or no additional hay cuttings High priced hay High priced grain.

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Managing Forage Shortages on the Goat Farm


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managing forage shortages on the goat farm

Managing Forage Shortages on the Goat Farm

Jeff Fisher

Extension Educator

Pike County

situation 2007
Situation 2007
  • Late Freeze in April
  • Dry in May
  • Hay Crop of 50-60 %
  • Hot, dry summer
  • Reduced pasture yield
  • Little or no additional hay cuttings
  • High priced hay
  • High priced grain
feeding management corn
Feeding Management - Corn
  • Even at today’s corn price it is still a cheaper alternative than purchasing hay.
  • One pound of corn replaces about 2 pounds of hay nutritionally.
  • It's easier and less expensive per ton to haul.
  • A mature ruminant animal can be fed approximately one fourth of its diet in corn without effecting digestibility of the forage component.
feeding management corn4
Feeding Management - Corn
  • As an example, a mature goat weighing 150 lbs. will eat 2.5 to 3 % of its body weight per day or approximately 3.75 to 4.5 lbs.
  • Feeding approximately one pound of whole corn per head per day will reduce the hay requirement and add body condition from the extra energy.
feeding management corn5
Feeding Management - Corn
  • Feed it in bunks or on the dry ground under an electric fence wire and the goats won't waste any.
grazing management
Grazing Management
  • Allow at least 2-3 inches of top growth to remain in the field.
  • Extend rest periods now to 35 or more days for most forage species.
  • If your forage growth has stopped, pull the goats off pasture and feed hay or silage.
grazing management7
Grazing Management
  • Apply ammonium nitrate to resting grass pastures; especially fescue. With sufficient rain,

fifty pounds of

nitrogen per acre

can provide over a

ton of stockpiled

forage.

summer annuals
Summer Annuals
  • Wheat harvest and dried-up pastures will provide vacant fields that you might want to consider planting to summer annuals.
  • Options include turnips, oats, sorghum, sudan, and millets.
  • For more information, refer to the Ohio Agronomy Guide at http://ohioline.osu.edu/b472/index.html.
early weaning
Early Weaning
  • Early weaning can reduce the total forage and water needs by 25% when the doe and kid are fed separately.
  • If feeds need to be purchased, the young kids are more efficient at converting them to

gain and subsequent

value.

culling
Culling
  • Cull soon. Moving culls now will save feed.
  • If culls are thin feed them some grain until marketing time to add value.
  • Cull prices are pretty good in the period just prior to the Islamic holidays as demand increases.
fall growth
Fall Growth
  • When a little pasture top growth does return, don't be impatient about grazing it.
  • If you must graze on it,

only top graze it lightly

and move the grazing

goats on.

poisonous plants
Poisonous Plants
  • Be aware that when forage availability is low, poisonous plants can be a bigger issue.
  • http://ohioline.osu.edu/b762/b762_24.html