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Heart Disease/Stroke. By: Paul Bhatia. Heart Attack. Heart attack is the number one killer disease in North America.

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heart disease stroke

Heart Disease/Stroke

By: Paul Bhatia

heart attack
Heart Attack
  • Heart attack is the number one killer disease in North America.
  • Heart disease is the number one killer of American women, and nearly half of all heart attack deaths each year happen to women. Furthermore, women are less likely to survive a heart attack than are men.
  • The medical term for heart attack -- myocardial infarction -- means "death of heart muscle.“
  • Heart attacks are not sudden most victims are warned well in advance by episodes of chest pain, shortness of breath, or fatigue.But the heart attack itself may seem sudden.
  • Blood clots cause most heart attacks
what is a heart attack
What is a Heart Attack?
  • A heart attack happens when the blood supply to a heart muscle ( the myocardium) is severely reduced or stopped
  • The medical term for heart attack is myocardial infraction.
  • The reduction or stoppage happens when one or more of the coronary arteries supplying blood to the heart muscle is blocked.
  • the blockage is usually caused by deposits of fat –like substances.
symptoms of a heart attack
Symptoms of a Heart Attack
  • The SYMPTOMS of a HEART ATTACK are:
  • Central crushing chest pain.
  • Heavy sweating.
  • Nausea and/or vomiting.
  • Dizzyness.
  • Cold, clammy feeling hands.
  • Palpitations.
  • If you are having these symptoms or see a friend or loved one in similar distress you need to get to a healthcare facility immediately.
how to prevent heart attack at a young age so it doesn t occur in the future
How to prevent Heart Attack at a young age so it doesn’t occur in the future
  • It all depends on the person’s age, gender, and family history to prevent heart disease.
  • Males under the age of forty have a higher risk than females.
  • You should eat 60% nutrition foods and 40% foods you like at an early age.
  • Get involved is a lot of sports and be physically active
slide7
Six Key Steps To Reduce Heart Attack Risk
  • Taking these steps will reduce your risk of having a heart attack:
  • Stop smoking
  • Lower high blood pressure
  • Reduce high blood cholesterol
  • Aim for a healthy weight
  • Be physically active each day
  • Manage diabetes
what to do when you or someone is having a heart attack
What to do when you or someone is having a Heart attack
  • IF YOU ARE EXPERIENCING THE WARNING SIGNALS OF A HEART ATTACK YOU SHOULD IMMEDIATELY:
  • Call 911 or your local emergency number for help, or have someone call for you. It's a good idea to keep a list of emergency numbers near the phone at all times.
  • Stop all activity and sit or lie down, in whatever position is most comfortable.
  • Rest comfortably and wait for emergency medical services (EMS) (e.g., ambulance) to arrive.

If you are with someone who is experiencing the warning signals of a heart attack:

    • Help the person with all the activities listed above.
    • Expect denial. You must take charge and call 911 or your local emergency number.
    • If the person becomes unresponsive (no normal breathing, coughing, or movement), start CPR.
stroke
Stroke
  • Stroke is a type of cardiovascular disease. It affects the arteries leading to and within the brain.
  • Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in Canada.
  • For every 10,000 Canadian children under the age of 19, there are 6.7 strokes.
what is stroke
What is stroke?
  • A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts. When that happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood (and oxygen) it needs, so it starts to die.Clots that block an artery cause ischemic (is-KEM-ik) strokes. This is the most common type of stroke, acounting for approximately 88 percent of all strokes.
  • Ruptured blood vessels cause hemorrhagic (hem-o-RAJ-ik) or bleeding strokes.
risk factors for stroke
Risk factors for stroke

These are some risk factors of stroke that can be treated.

  • High blood pressure
  • Tobacco use
  • Diabetes mellitus 
  • Carotid or other artery disease
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Other heart disease
  • Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) 
  • Certain blood disorders 
  • High blood cholesterol 
  • Physical inactivity and obesity 
  • Some illegal drugs
  • Excessive alcohol
  • Risk factors that can’t change.
  • Increasing age 
  • Sex (gender)
  • Heredity (family history) and race 
  • Prior stroke or heart attack
warning signs
Warning signs
  • Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg,especially on one side of the body
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  • Sudden, severe headache with no known cause
  • Call 9-1-1 immediately if you experience symptoms!Time lost is brain lost!
how to prevent from getting stroke at a young age
How to prevent from getting stroke at a Young age.
  • If you have family history of stroke you are at risk.
  • To prevent stroke at young age is by being:
  • Be Active
  • Eat Healthy
  • Try standing upside down
  • Don’t smoke or do drugs
bibliography
Bibliography
  • www.strokeassociation.org
  • www.heartandstroke.ca/
  • www.stroke.org.uk/
  • www.americanheart.org
  • www.heartinfo.org
  • www.medicinenet.com
  • www.heartandstroke.ca
  • www.pslgroup.com