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Heart Disease/Stroke - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Heart Disease/Stroke. By: Paul Bhatia. Heart Attack. Heart attack is the number one killer disease in North America.

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Heart disease stroke l.jpg

Heart Disease/Stroke

By: Paul Bhatia

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Heart Attack

  • Heart attack is the number one killer disease in North America.

  • Heart disease is the number one killer of American women, and nearly half of all heart attack deaths each year happen to women. Furthermore, women are less likely to survive a heart attack than are men.

  • The medical term for heart attack -- myocardial infarction -- means "death of heart muscle.“

  • Heart attacks are not sudden most victims are warned well in advance by episodes of chest pain, shortness of breath, or fatigue.But the heart attack itself may seem sudden.

  • Blood clots cause most heart attacks

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What is a Heart Attack?

  • A heart attack happens when the blood supply to a heart muscle ( the myocardium) is severely reduced or stopped

  • The medical term for heart attack is myocardial infraction.

  • The reduction or stoppage happens when one or more of the coronary arteries supplying blood to the heart muscle is blocked.

  • the blockage is usually caused by deposits of fat –like substances.

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Symptoms of a Heart Attack


  • Central crushing chest pain.

  • Heavy sweating.

  • Nausea and/or vomiting.

  • Dizzyness.

  • Cold, clammy feeling hands.

  • Palpitations.

  • If you are having these symptoms or see a friend or loved one in similar distress you need to get to a healthcare facility immediately.

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How to prevent Heart Attack at a young age so it doesn’t occur in the future

  • It all depends on the person’s age, gender, and family history to prevent heart disease.

  • Males under the age of forty have a higher risk than females.

  • You should eat 60% nutrition foods and 40% foods you like at an early age.

  • Get involved is a lot of sports and be physically active

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  • Six Key Steps To Reduce Heart Attack Risk occur in the future

  • Taking these steps will reduce your risk of having a heart attack:

  • Stop smoking

  • Lower high blood pressure

  • Reduce high blood cholesterol

  • Aim for a healthy weight

  • Be physically active each day

  • Manage diabetes

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What to do when you or someone is having a Heart attack occur in the future


  • Call 911 or your local emergency number for help, or have someone call for you. It's a good idea to keep a list of emergency numbers near the phone at all times.

  • Stop all activity and sit or lie down, in whatever position is most comfortable.

  • Rest comfortably and wait for emergency medical services (EMS) (e.g., ambulance) to arrive.

    If you are with someone who is experiencing the warning signals of a heart attack:

    • Help the person with all the activities listed above.

    • Expect denial. You must take charge and call 911 or your local emergency number.

    • If the person becomes unresponsive (no normal breathing, coughing, or movement), start CPR.

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Stroke occur in the future

  • Stroke is a type of cardiovascular disease. It affects the arteries leading to and within the brain.

  • Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in Canada.

  • For every 10,000 Canadian children under the age of 19, there are 6.7 strokes.

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What is stroke? occur in the future

  • A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts. When that happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood (and oxygen) it needs, so it starts to die.Clots that block an artery cause ischemic (is-KEM-ik) strokes. This is the most common type of stroke, acounting for approximately 88 percent of all strokes.

  • Ruptured blood vessels cause hemorrhagic (hem-o-RAJ-ik) or bleeding strokes.

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Risk factors for stroke occur in the future

These are some risk factors of stroke that can be treated.

  • High blood pressure

  • Tobacco use

  • Diabetes mellitus 

  • Carotid or other artery disease

  • Atrial fibrillation

  • Other heart disease

  • Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) 

  • Certain blood disorders 

  • High blood cholesterol 

  • Physical inactivity and obesity 

  • Some illegal drugs

  • Excessive alcohol

  • Risk factors that can’t change.

  • Increasing age 

  • Sex (gender)

  • Heredity (family history) and race 

  • Prior stroke or heart attack

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Warning signs occur in the future

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg,especially on one side of the body

  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding

  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes

  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination

  • Sudden, severe headache with no known cause

  • Call 9-1-1 immediately if you experience symptoms!Time lost is brain lost!

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How to prevent from getting stroke at a Young age. occur in the future

  • If you have family history of stroke you are at risk.

  • To prevent stroke at young age is by being:

  • Be Active

  • Eat Healthy

  • Try standing upside down

  • Don’t smoke or do drugs

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Bibliography occur in the future

  • www.strokeassociation.org

  • www.heartandstroke.ca/

  • www.stroke.org.uk/

  • www.americanheart.org

  • www.heartinfo.org

  • www.medicinenet.com

  • www.heartandstroke.ca

  • www.pslgroup.com