Terrorist/Bomb Making Material on the Internet. Should it be Available?. Members: Censorship Group. Kevin Wyler January Tavel Christina Huynh Andrea Swift. Censorship Issues in Historic and Modern Times. Censorship and the First Amendment.
Should it be Available?
-most famous case
-trial created an American cultural sentiment, which opposed this kind of government censorship
1790, the First Amendment of the Constitution is formed
-was written vaguely
-Supreme Court has interpreted it ‘s meaning on a case-by-case basis
-What is the right?
1) “to say or publish what they wish”
2) “it is the protection of the public’s right to know, or society’s right to be informed” (Pember 42)
-there are limitations
television, radio, internet exist
Sometimes, censorship is influenced by the kind of medium the message is transmitted (Pember 120)
Issues with Internet are: sexually explicit, pornographic and obscene or violent content, hate speech, and terrorist speech, etc…Early Years vs Now
“The Internet and other interactive computer services offer a forum for a true diversity of political discourse, unique opportunities for cultural development, and myriad avenues for intellectual activity”
(Title II of the Communications Act of 1934)
*the writers of this piece of legislation probably had no idea that obtaining knowledge of how to make a bomb would be a part of that intellectual acitvity
We will explore the terrorist speech on the Internet, related legislation and government activity, and the arguments for and against censorship of terrorist speech online.
For the purposes of our discussion of censorship, it will be important to consider terrorism in the information and communication context only.
The Violent and Repeat Juvenile Offender Accountability and Rehabilitation Act of 1999
-Passed by the Senate on May 20, 1999
-Requires Internet Service Providers “to provide residential customers with computer software or other filtering or blocking system that allows the customer to prevent access of minors to material on the Internet
Criminal Prohibition on Distributing of certain Information relating to Explosives, Destructive Devices,and Weapons of Mass Destruction
-makes it a crime to teach or demonstrate the making of an explosive device on the Internet2 Amendments
1996, Paladian Enterprises, INC Rehabilitation Act of 1999
-was cited in the wrongful death suit for publishing “Hit Man: A Technical Manual for Independent Contractors”
1993, World Trade Center bombing
-testimony before Congress in Feb. 2000, FBI Director Louis Freech said “convicted terrorist Ramzi Yousef- traded detailed plans to destroy United States’ airliners with other terrorist over the Internet2 Supreme Court Decisions
“Congress shall make no law… abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances” (US Constitution)
-critics =“domestic terrorism and deadly threats”
-anti-abortionists argue= “nothing in their materials specifically advocated violence against abortion providers”